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Vantin (Cefpodoxime)
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Vantin

Generic Vantin is a high-class medication which is taken in treatment and termination of serious infections such as pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, sinus infections, tonsillitis. Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Duricef, Ancef, Kefazol, Keflex, Keftabs, Velocef, Intracef, Ceporin

 

Also known as:  Cefpodoxime.

Description

Generic Vantin is created by pharmacy specialists to struggle with dangerous infections (infection of skin, bladder, urinary tract, nose, throat and ear, pneumonia, gonorrhea, bronchitis, sinus infections, tonsillitis). Target of Generic Vantin is to control, ward off and terminate bacteria.

Generic Vantin acts as an anti-infection remedy. Generic Vantin operates by killing bacteria which spreads by infection.

Vantin is also known as Cefpodoxime proxetil, Cefocep.

Generic Vantin and other antibiotics don't treat viral infections (flu, cold and other).

Generic Vantin is cephalosporins.

Generic name of Generic Vantin is Cefpodoxime.

Brand name of Generic Vantin is Vantin.

Dosage

Generic Vantin can be taken in tablets (200 mg), liquid forms. You should take it with water by mouth.

Generic Vantin treats different types of bacterial infections. Thus, for each treatment it has different dosage instructions.

It is better to take Generic Vantin 2 times a day for 7-14 days.

It is better to take Generic Vantin tablets every day at the same time with meals. Its liquid forms are taken with meals or without it.

Do not stop taking Generic Vantin suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Vantin and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Vantin overdosage: abdominal cramps, diarrhoea, nausea, retching.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. After mixing the suspension store in a refrigerator between 2 and 8 degrees C (36 and 46 degrees F). Do not freeze. Throw away unused portion after fourteen days. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Vantin are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not use Generic Vantin if you are allergic to Generic Vantin components.

Be careful with Generic Vantin if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby. Avoid breast-feeding.

Do not use Generic Vantin in case of taking antacids as Tums, Maalox, Rolaids or other stomach acid reducers as Axid, Protonix, Zantac, Aciphex, Tagamet, Prilosec, Nexium, Pepcid, Prevacid.

Be careful with Generic Vantin in case of having allergy to cephalosporins (Ceftin, Duricef, Ceclor, Keflex).

Be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of having kidney or liver disease, colitis, stomach problems.

Try to be careful with Generic Vantin usage in case of taking antibiotics, loop diuretic (furosemide, bumetanide as Bumex, torsemide as Demadex); probenecid as Benemid; warfarin as Coumadin; ethacrynic acid as Edecrin.

Use Generic Vantin with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Try to avoid machine driving.

Avoid alcohol.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Vantin taking suddenly.

vantin dose

Global clinical efficacy was assessed by the physicians to be "very good" and "good" in 96.4% of the cases. With regard to tolerance, the physicians' assessment was "very good" and "good" in 96.3%. In 51 patients (1.9%), 70 adverse drug reactions involving the gastrointestinal tract, CNS and skin occurred.

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Pharmacokinetic, bacteriological and clinical studies on S-1108 were performed in children. The results were as follows: 1. A total of 11 patients were treated with S-1108. Each dose was 3 mg/kg, orally administered 3 times daily for 4-14 days. The clinical efficacies of S-1108 in 10 patients with bacterial infections (1 with bacteremia, 4 with pneumonia, 1 with acute maxillary sinusitis, 1 with scarlet fever and 2 with streptococcal pharyngitis) were evaluated as excellent in 8 patients and as good in 2 patients with an efficacy rate of 100%. Only one patient with staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome due to methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) who received gamma-globulin was not evaluated. Fourteen causative strains of 5 species were found in 10 patients. Three strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae out of 5, 2 of 3 Branhamella catarrhalis strains, none of Staphylococcus aureus and all 3 strains of Streptococcus pyogenes were eradicated. No adverse reaction was observed in any of the 11 patients. 2. MICs of S-1108 against 5 clinically isolated S. pneumoniae from cases of infections were examined. All of them were relatively highly resistant to penicillins. S-1108 was compared with cefteram pivoxil, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefaclor and cefixime, and it showed better antibacterial activity or than other cephems. 3. Double peaks were obtained in plasma levels of S-1108 orally administered at a dose of 3 mg/kg at 30 minutes after meal and were 1.03 microgram/ml and 0.74 microgram/ml at 1 and 4 hours after administration, respectively.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

vantin drug classification

We report a case of acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) and immune hemolytic anemia (IHA) associated with cefpodoxime therapy.

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The value of MIC90 s cefdinir against these bacterial strains except penicillin non-sensitive pneumococci were 0.031-1 mg/L. Cefpodoxime held similar antibacterial activity with cefdinir, but was less potent against staphylococci. Cefaclor had much higher MIC values than other two drugs. After oral administration of 250 mg cefaclor, the drug concentration quickly reached peak concentration of 4.95 mg/L +/- 2.41 mg/L and the eliminative half time was 0.69 h +/- 0.6 h; the Tmax, Cmax and T1/2beta of cefdinir and cefpodoxime after oral administration of 100 mg were 2.5 h +/- 0.48 h, 0.81 mg/L +/- 0.19 mg/L, 1.73 h +/- 0.3 h and 2.38 h +/- 0.43 h, 1.12 mg/L +/- 0.28 mg/L, 1.92 h +/- 0.55 h, respectively. T > MIC of cefdinir in thrice daily administration were longer than 40% of medication interval against most of the tested isolates; no T > MIC period was found in cefpodoxime against staphylococci and the T > MICs of cefaclor after 250 mg oral administration were shorter than expected values against most bacteria.

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Application of the HPLC hyphenated techniques of LC-MS, LC-NMR and solvent-elimination LC-IR was demonstrated by the identification of the degradation products of a third generation cephalosporin antibiotic, cefpodoxime proxetil, in solid state, drug formulation and solution. Molecular weight and fragment information were obtained by LC-MS, and detailed structural information was confirmed by LC-NMR. Information on the carboxyl functional group obtained by solvent-elimination LC-IR was useful for confirmation of the ester hydrolysis. The degradation products were successfully identified without complicated isolation or purification processes.

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Data were evaluated with respect to in vitro activity, study design, clinical and microbiologic outcomes, and adverse drug reactions.

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Immediate antimicrobial therapy with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, nitrofurantoin, or fosfomycin is indicated for acute cystitis in adult women. Increasing resistance rates among uropathogens have complicated treatment of acute cystitis. Individualized assessment of risk factors for resistance and regimen tolerability is needed to choose the optimum empirical regimen.

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The plasma sample was extracted by a mixture of methanol and acetonitrile. A concentration range from 500 to 3500 ng/spot for CEFPO and 1000 to 7000 ng/spot for AMBRO were used for the calibration curve, respectively. This recovery was found to be 74.40 and 94.50 for CEFPO and AMBRO, respectively. The mobile phase used consists of chloroform: methanol (9:1v/v). Densitometric analysis was carried out at a wavelength of 240 nm.

vantin oral suspension

A high-performance liquid chromatographic method has been developed to determine cefpodoxime levels in chinchilla plasma and middle ear fluid (MEF) to be used in studying otitis media. Cefpodoxime and the internal standard, cefuroxime, were separated on an ODS column (250 x 2.1 mm I.D., 5 microns Hypersil), using a mobile phase of 25 mM acetate buffer (pH 4.3)/15 mM triethylamine-acetonitrile (92.5:7.5, v/v). Following elution of cefpodoxime and the internal standard, at 3.5 and 5.9 min respectively, the acetonitrile concentration was increased to 1:1 (v/v) in a step function to elute endogenous compounds retained on the column. Sample preparation involved protein precipitation with acetonitrile. This fast, efficient protein precipitation procedure together with UV detection allows a quantitation limit of 50 ng/ml with a 50-microliters sample size. Recoveries (mean +/- S.D., n = 3) at 0.1 microgram/ml in MEF were 90.3 +/- 2.9% and 88.6 +/- 1.2% for cefpodoxime and cefuroxime respectively. Recoveries (mean +/- S.D., n = 3) at 0.1 microgram/ml in plasma were 72.1 +/- 7.3% and 81.1 +/- 1.1% for cefpodoxime and cefuroxime respectively. The method was evaluated with biological samples taken from chinchillas with middle ear infections after administering cefpodoxime proxetil.

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Among women with uncomplicated cystitis, a 3-day regimen of cefpodoxime compared with ciprofloxacin did not meet criteria for noninferiority for achieving clinical cure. These findings, along with concerns about possible adverse ecological effects associated with other broad-spectrum β-lactams, do not support the use of cefpodoxime as a first-line fluoroquinolone-sparing antimicrobial for acute uncomplicated cystitis.

vantin 100 mg

A simple, selective and precise thin-layer chromatographic method has been developed for the analysis of eight cephalosporin antibiotics, namely cephadroxil, cephalexin, cefixime, cefaclor, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefuroxime axetil, cefotaxime sodium and ceftriaxone sodium. The hR(F) values of these cephalosporins were investigated on silica gel G-zinc ferrocyanide layers. Mixing of zinc ferrocyanide with silica gel G resulted in a decrease in hR(F) values, removal of tailing and better resolutions. The influence of silica gel G-zinc ferrocyanide ratio and mobile phases on the chromatographic behavior of cephalosporins on thin layers was investigated. Cephalosporins were selectively separated in their binary and ternary synthetic mixtures and pharmaceutical formulations. Quantitative separations of cephalosporins from their synthetic mixtures were also achieved with good recoveries (97.8-100.3%).

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A patient with a recent history of cefpodoxime proxetil treatment presented with elevated serum creatinine, oliguria, nausea, vomiting, and dyspnea. Evidence of renal failure, abnormal urinalysis, and renal biopsy with inflammatory infiltrate in the interstitium confirmed a diagnosis of AIN. The patient subsequently developed IHA, which was confirmed by peripheral blood smear results and positive Coombs' test. The patient recovered after dialysis therapy and 2 days of intravenous methylprednisolone (500mg/day) followed by oral prednisolone (60 mg/day), which was rapidly tapered and stopped within 3 weeks.

vantin 100mg tablets

One hundred and fifty female patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis were given 200 mg of CPDX-PR twice daily for 3-7 days to evaluate both its overall clinical efficacy and its adverse effects. In 82 cases (Group I) in which it was administered for 3 days, the overall clinical efficacy, evaluated by the criteria proposed by the Japanese UTI committee, was excellent in 64 cases, moderate in 17 and poor in one, with the effective rate being 98.8%. In 35 cases (Group II) in which it was administered for 4-7 days, the overall clinical efficacy was excellent in 18 cases, moderate in 15 and poor in 2, with the effective rate being 94.3%. The overall clinical evaluation was not performed in another 33 cases because they were given CPDX-PR for more than 8 days or 300 mg/day. Subjective adverse effects such as hoarseness and lingual inflammation were observed in only one of the 150 cases, but they disappeared spontaneously after the cessation of administration of CPDX-PR. These findings suggest that CPDX-PR is one of the most effective and safe antibiotic in the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis.

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Trial methodological quality was assessed independently by 7 reviewers; outcomes were extracted as the number of treatment failures, relapses, or reinfections.

vantin 200 mg

This study aims to prove the complexation of cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) by hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) in the presence of sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (Na CMC), and makes a comparison of commercial tablets by dissolution and antimicrobial activity studies. The CP--HP-β-CD complex was prepared by kneading method and characterized by SEM, FTIR and DSC. The solubility method was used to investigate the effect of HP-β-CD and Na CMC on the solubility of CP. The complex tablets were prepared using direct compression method. Dissolution studies were performed with complex tablets and commercial tablets in pH 1.2, 4.5, 6.8 and 7.4 buffer solutions. It was observed that complexation occurred in all formulations, and HP-β-CD is able to increase CP solubility and dissolution rate of CP was improved from complex tablets, when compared with commercial tablets. Furthermore, the antimicrobial activity studies revealed that the CP--HP-β-CD complex and complex tablets were shown to have more effective antimicrobial activity than commercial tablets. It is evident from the results that complexation with HP-β-CD in the presence of Na CMC is feasible way to prepare a more efficient tablet formulation with improved dissolution and antimicrobial activity.

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For the post-marketing surveillance of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, Banan), MICs of oral cephem antibacterials including CPDX against clinical isolates from 15 medical institutions all over Japan are measured yearly and the incidence rates of resistance in various species are also evaluated. In the first surveillance from June 2000 to March 2001, 1,091 isolates of 22 species were tested, 993 isolates of the same 22 species were tested in the second surveillance from April 2001 to March 2002, and 1,115 isolates of the same 22 species were tested in the third surveillance from April 2002 to March 2003. No remarkable changes in the activity of CPDX were observed against most of the species in these surveillances spanning three years and in comparison with that in the studies conducted before Banan was launched. In the study, CPDX as well as other cephem antibacterials showed a gradual decrease in activity against all the strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae in proportion to the increase in the incidence rates of penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (PRSP) and beta-lactamase-negative ampicillin-resistant H. influenzae (BLNAR). A small percentage of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae, which are high-resistant strains, were isolated. The findings of this surveillance indicate that it is necessary to pay careful attention to the trends of resistant bacteria such as PRSP, BLNAR, and ESBL-producing strains.

vantin 400 mg

Decreasing the dose frequency of cefpodoxime proxetil increases patient compliance; patients prefer to take the drug once daily. It also improves the rate of bacterial killing and hastens the cure from the indications, and therefore increases compliance. The hydrophilic matrix of HPMC controlled the cefpodoxime proxetil release effectively for 24 hours; hence, the formulation can be considered as a once-daily sustained-release tablet of cefpodoxime proxetil. The formulation showed acceptable pharmacotechnical properties and assay requirements. In vitro dissolution studies indicated a sustained-release pattern throughout 24 hours of the study that was comparable to the theoretical release profile. Drug release kinetics indicated that drug release was best explained by Higuchi's equation, as these plots showed the highest linearity (r (2)=0.9734), but a close relationship was also noted with zero-order kinetics (r (2)=0.9708). Korsmeyer's plots indicated ann value of 0.57, which was indicative of an anomalous diffusion mechanism or diffusion coupled with erosion; hence, the drug release was controlled by more than one process. Hixson-Crowell plots indicated a change in surface area and diameter of the tablets with the progressive dissolution of the matrix as a function of time.

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An open-label, dose-response study of cefpodoxime proxetil (CPD), an expanded-spectrum cephalosporin, was conducted with 58 males with uncomplicated Neisseria gonorrhoeae infections with single doses of 600, 400, 200, 100, or 50 mg of CPD administered orally by tablet. CPD eradicated N. gonorrhoeae in all 50 evaluable patients (10 per group) at all doses studied. Eight of the isolates eradicated were beta-lactamase-producing organisms. Two patients reported three side effects, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, which were mild and resolved without intervention or sequelae. There were no clinically remarkable drug-related changes in vital signs or clinical laboratory assays. Results show that single oral doses of CPD are an effective and well-tolerated treatment for uncomplicated N. gonorrhoeae infection in males at doses as low as 50 mg.

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The present study deals with spectrophotometric analysis of cefpodoxime proxetil by utilizing 4 different hydrotropic agents such as ammonium acetate (6 M), sodium citrate (1.25 M), sodium gycinate (1 M), sodium chloride (1 M), and urea (1 M).

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Dry syrup and tablet of newly developed cefpodoxime proxetil (CS-807, CPDX-PR) was investigated in the departments of pediatrics of 17 institutes and their related hospitals. 1. Pharmacokinetics of CPDX-PR in pediatrics were investigated. Peak blood levels of CPDX at dose levels of 3 mg/kg and 6 mg/kg were 2.24 +/- 0.21 and 4.68 +/- 0.54 micrograms/ml, respectively, in fasting and 1.65 +/- 0.07 and 3.71 +/- 0.41 micrograms/ml, respectively, after meal. Urinary recovery rates in 6 hours were 31.2 +/- 2.2% of dose in average. 2. Clinical efficacies of CPDX-PR on various infectious diseases were studied in 748 cases. Clinical efficacy rate in 499 cases with causative bacteria isolated was 94.6%: efficacy rates for individual infections were 96.8% (120/124) for tonsillitis, 96.0% (96/100) for urinary tract infection, 93.5% (58/62) for pneumonia, 92.4% (61/66) for impetigo, 100% (32/32) for scarler fever and 93.2% for pharyngitis or laryngitis. Bacteriological eradication rate for Gram-positive organisms was 91.0% (244/268); and for Gram-negative organisms, 89.7% (210/234). The clinical efficacy rate for cases which were non-responsive to previous antibiotic therapy was 88.1% (74/84). 3. Side effects and clinical laboratory findings were investigated in 779 cases. Two each of vomiting, loose stool and rash, 10 of diarrhea and 1 of diarrhea associated with candidiasis were reported, but no serious side effects were noted. There was no serious laboratory test abnormality except slight elevations of eosinophile, platelet, transaminase or prolongation of prothrombin time, totalling 34 occurrences.

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122 patients with bacterial infections of respiratory tract, ear, nose, and throat, urinary tract and skin and soft tissue were treated with cefpodoxime proxetil. In the treatments of patients with clinical efficacy tates of cefpodoxime proxetil for infections in these four systems were 90.0%, 97.5%, 90.0% and 86.4%, respectively. The bacterial clearance rate of gram-positive bacterial was 96.9%, and that of gram-negative bacteria 96.4%. Adverse drug reaction rate was 18.9%.

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The comparative pharmacokinetics of the new oral cephalosporins (ester and nonester types), together with that of the first generation carbacephem, loracarbef, are considered in healthy volunteers. Also in this review, pharmacokinetic and microbiological data are combined in order to predict the possible clinical efficacy of this group of agents. Despite apparent similarities in the structure of these agents, single dose studies have revealed marked differences in the pharmacokinetics of the oral cephalosporins. Multiple dose studies showed no evidence of accumulation with these agents. In the elderly, only minor changes in the pharmacokinetics of the oral agents were observed, and were insufficient to warrant dosage adjustment. Unlike that of the nonester compounds, the bioavailability of the ester cephalosporins is increased when they are administered after food. Variable effects are observed when the ester agents are coadministered with antacids or H2-antagonists; while the absorption of cefetamet pivoxil was unaffected by coadministered antacids or H2-antagonists, the absorption of cefpodoxime proxetil was reduced.

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Self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system (SNEDDS) using various surfactant and cosurfactants such as tween 80, tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS), propylene glycol and Capmul MCM as oil phase were prepared. Ternary phase diagrams were constructed to identify stable microemulsion region. Percent transmittance studies helped to shortlist the surfactant-cosurfactant combination.

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vantin 200mg generic 2016-11-02

Cefpodoxime proxetil, a relatively new broad-spectrum third-generaation cephalosporin, has very good in vitro activity against Enterobacteriaceae, Hemophilus spp. and Moraxella spp., including beta-lactamase producers and many strains resistant to other oral agents. It also has activity against Gram-positive bacteria, especially against streptococci. Cefpodoxime has no activity against enterococci. It is well tolerated and is one of the first third buy vantin -generation cephalosporins to be available in oral form. While the compound has been used most widely in the treatment of respiratory and urinary tract infections, its utility has also been demonstrated in the treatment of skin structure infections, acute otitis media, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, and sexually transmitted diseases.

vantin dose information 2017-05-27

Ceftriaxone and/or its trace metabolites may induce life-threatening IHA in children and adults. Serological work-up must include tests to determine the cross-reactivity of ceftriaxone-dependent antibodies to avoid immune haemolysis due to buy vantin administration of structurally related cephalosporins in affected patients.

vantin drug 2017-09-18

Seventeen patients undergoing tonsillectomy received cefpodoxime proxetil orally in a dose equivalent to 100 mg cefpodoxime 4, 7 or 12 h before operation. Plasma and tonsillar tissue concentrations of cefpodoxime were assayed by a microbiological method. Tonsillar tissue concentrations after 4 and 7 h were 0.24 and 0.09 mg/ buy vantin kg respectively--being 23% of the plasma concentration. The tonsillar tissue concentration after 12 h was less than 0.06 mg/kg. As the MIC for Streptococcus pyogenes is less than 0.06 mg/l, cefpodoxime proxetil may be of value in acute tonsillitis.

vantin tab 2016-04-03

Among women with uncomplicated cystitis, a 3-day regimen of cefpodoxime compared with ciprofloxacin did not meet criteria for noninferiority for achieving clinical cure. These findings, along with concerns about possible adverse ecological effects associated with other broad-spectrum β-lactams, do not support the use of cefpodoxime as a first-line fluoroquinolone-sparing buy vantin antimicrobial for acute uncomplicated cystitis.

vantin dose 2016-09-13

The value of MIC90 s cefdinir against these bacterial strains except penicillin non-sensitive pneumococci were 0.031-1 mg/L. Cefpodoxime held similar antibacterial activity with cefdinir, but was less potent against staphylococci. Cefaclor had much higher MIC values than other two drugs. After oral administration of 250 mg cefaclor, the drug concentration quickly reached peak concentration of 4 buy vantin .95 mg/L +/- 2.41 mg/L and the eliminative half time was 0.69 h +/- 0.6 h; the Tmax, Cmax and T1/2beta of cefdinir and cefpodoxime after oral administration of 100 mg were 2.5 h +/- 0.48 h, 0.81 mg/L +/- 0.19 mg/L, 1.73 h +/- 0.3 h and 2.38 h +/- 0.43 h, 1.12 mg/L +/- 0.28 mg/L, 1.92 h +/- 0.55 h, respectively. T > MIC of cefdinir in thrice daily administration were longer than 40% of medication interval against most of the tested isolates; no T > MIC period was found in cefpodoxime against staphylococci and the T > MICs of cefaclor after 250 mg oral administration were shorter than expected values against most bacteria.

vantin drug interactions 2017-03-17

The luminal and mucosal deesterification of the prodrug ester cefpodoxime-proxetil was studied in human duodenal washings in vitro. Enzymatic hydrolysis of the ester, releasing the active third generation cephalosporin, was observed in luminal washing in the same way as it had previously been observed in the rabbit. Eserine and PMSF and HgCl(2) were potent inhibitors of cefpodoxime-proxetil hydrolysis in luminal washing, suggesting the participation of a cholinesterase in the hydrolysis of cefpodoxime-proxetil. These results are in agreement with our previous findings performed in the rabbit. Moreover, cefpodoxime-proxetil directly decreases the acetylcholinesterase activity when tested by a specific enzymatic method. These observations support the hypothesis that the partial oral bioavailability of cefpodoxime-proxetil results from hydrolysis by luminal cholinesterases. In vitro experiments run with rabbit duodenal washing with food components were compared with the pharmacokinetics of cefpodoxime-proxetil in humans. Amino acids, trace elements and vitamins were potent inhibitors for cefpodoxime-proxetil hydrolysis in duodenal washings. Otherwise, lipids (LTC and mixed LCT/MCT) did not interact. In the human, cefpodoxime-proxetil bioavailability is significantly enhanced when tablets buy vantin are administered with food. The correlation found between animal results and human results in vitro for prospective investigation of a new prodrug ester could be very useful. An in vitro hydrolysis in intestinal animal washings could allow the potentially degraded condition and the food effect of the luminal tract to be assessed before absorption.

vantin syrup 2016-11-06

In order to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of cefatrizine (Cefaperos) and cefpodoxime proxetil (Orelox) in the treatment of secondarily infected chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in adults, a multicentre, randomized, open study was conducted by 60 general practitioners in two parallel groups of patient suffering from COPD complicated by an acute episode of superinfection (Anthoniesen stages 2 and 3). After verification of the eligibility criteria, written consent and randomization, the patients received, for 10 days, either cefatrizine at the dose of 1 g/day or cefpodoxime proxetil at the dose of 400 mg/day. A self-assessment form was given to the patient. A telephone visit was planned for D3. The final visit on D11 +/- 1 evaluated clinical efficacy (success or failure) and safety. The study population was composed of 250 patients with a mean age of 59.9 +/- 15.9 years (sex ratio M/F = 1.5). The principal etiology of COPD was chronic bronchitis in 67.5% of patients, longstanding asthma in 24.5% and emphysema in 6.8%. The mean history of the disease was 13.0 +/- 10.8 years. The Anthoniesen score was equal to 2 in 73.6% of patients, 3 in 8.8% of patients and 1 in 17.6% of patients. No significant difference concerning these criteria was observed between the two study groups. The clinical success rate was equivalent in the two groups. The time to regression of clinical signs tended to be shorter, up until the sixth day (mainly between D4 and D6) for patients treated with cefatrizine (p = 0.09; NS). The clinical safety was considered to be good and was comparable buy vantin in the two study groups. This study concluded on the equivalent clinical efficacy of cefatrizine and cefpodoxime proxetil in the treatment of superinfections of COPD in general practice (97.5% and 99%, respectively), with a satisfactory and comparable safety, but with a much lower cost of treatment for cefatrizine. This conclusion is particularly important in the context of opposable medical references, as, although the treatment of superinfections of COPD by second and third generation cephalosporins is frequently proposed, the prescription of a less expensive cephalosporin appears to be more relevant.

vantin medication 2017-02-21

We measured the in-vitro susceptibility of 833 Staphylococcus aureus strains, isolated from skin infections at our hospital between July 1994 and buy vantin November 2000, to 13 antimicrobial agents (ampicillin, methicillin, cephalexin, cefaclor, cefpodoxime proxetil, gentamicin, erythromycin, clindamycin, minocycline, vancomycin, fusidic acid, ofloxacin, and nadifloxacin). The concentrations required to inhibit 50% of the strains (MIC(50)) of all these antimicrobial agents was extremely stable and ranged at levels below 3.13 microg/ml, except for gentamicin; in contrast, the MIC(90) was not uniform. The MIC(90) of vancomycin, fusidic acid, and nadifloxacin was very low and stable. No strain was resistant to vancomycin. The incidence of MRSA was 10%-20%.

vantin uti dosing 2015-08-17

Our results show that treatment with cefpodoxime proxetil may be effective in reducing symptoms of recurrent pharyngotonsillitis and preventing recurrences without causing side effects or buy vantin developing bacterial resistance.

vantin drug class 2015-09-18

Learning about the behavior of a drug in biological environment enables application of better formulation strategies to improve bioavailability of the same. Cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) is a prodrug, which is orally administered cephalosporin with only 50% absolute bioavailability. Despite previous studies, reasons responsible for low bioavailability of CP remain poorly understood. The present study tries to ascertain reasons for the low oral bioavailability of CP. The in vitro, in situ and ex vivo studies showed interesting results, where metabolism of CP into cefpodoxime acid (CA) inside the intestinal epithelial cell and preferential efflux of CA into lumen was identified as primary reason for buy vantin low oral bioavailability of CP. Presence of specific carriers or transportation mechanism on the apical side membrane of enterocyte, than basal side of the same was observed.

vantin drug classification 2017-10-29

To conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of antibiotic treatment of acute otitis media in children to determine whether outcomes were comparable in children treated with antibiotics for buy vantin less than 7 days or at least 7 days or more.

vantin medicine 2017-01-08

Data were evaluated with respect to in vitro activity, study design, clinical and microbiologic buy vantin outcomes, and adverse drug reactions.

vantin tabs 200mg 2017-05-11

A simple, selective and precise thin-layer chromatographic method has been developed for the analysis of eight cephalosporin antibiotics, namely cephadroxil, cephalexin, cefixime, cefaclor, cefpodoxime proxetil, cefuroxime axetil, cefotaxime sodium and ceftriaxone sodium. The hR(F) values of these cephalosporins were investigated on silica gel G-zinc ferrocyanide layers. Mixing of zinc ferrocyanide with silica gel G resulted in a decrease in hR(F) values, removal of tailing and better resolutions. The influence of silica gel G-zinc ferrocyanide ratio and mobile phases on the chromatographic behavior of cephalosporins on thin layers was investigated. buy vantin Cephalosporins were selectively separated in their binary and ternary synthetic mixtures and pharmaceutical formulations. Quantitative separations of cephalosporins from their synthetic mixtures were also achieved with good recoveries (97.8-100.3%).

vantin antibiotic medication 2015-01-25

Cefpodoxime proxetil (RU 51807) is an enterally absorbed ester prodrug which is rapidly cleaved in vivo after oral administration, with release of the active free acid metabolite cefpodoxime. The in vitro antibacterial activity of the sodium salt of cefpodoxime (RU 51746) against approximately 800 clinical isolates was evaluated comparatively with other orally active beta-lactams. RU 51746 was found to be active against enterobacteria normally susceptible to third generation cephalosporins, with MIC50 values ranging from 0.02 mg/l (Providencia sp) to 5 mg/l (C. freundii). RU 51746 was also active against H. influenzae, including beta-lactamase producing strains (MIC50 0.04 mg/l), oxa-S S. aureus (2,5), beta-hemolytic streptococci (0.05) and S. pneumoniae (0.002). Oxa-R staphylococci and P. aeruginosa were resistant to RU 51746 (MIC50 greater than 40 mg/l for both organisms). The antibacterial activity of RU 51746 was bactericidal in nature and independent from test conditions. The molecule was stable to all the beta-lactamases studied, with the exception of cefuroximase (type Ic). RU 51746 exhibited no strong inhibitory effects on these enzymes, except with Enterobacter P99 (type Ia). A good correlation was found between in vivo activity of RU 51807 and in vitro activity of RU 51746. Cefpodoxime proxetil was found to be more effective than cefaclor in mice with experimental septicemia caused by various streptococci, with a DP50 ratio in the 10-100 range. This advantage was again evidenced for septicemias due to various enterobacteria. In contrast, cefaclor proved more effective in experimental staphylococcus infections. In mice with experimental pneumonia, cefpodoxime proxetil caused buy vantin sharp falls in K. pneumoniae lung counts. Six days after induction of the infection, 60% of animals under cefpodoxime proxetil had sterile lungs, versus 25% of animals under amoxicillin.

cost of vantin 2016-06-22

Cefpodoxime proxetil (CP) is a prodrug of cefpodoxime acid (CA), and is supplied as racemic mixture of R- and S-enantiomers. CP has only 50% absolute bioavailability, and the reasons responsible for low bioavailability remain poorly understood buy vantin . The present work ascertains physicochemical and biological properties of individual isomers of CP and explores their capacity to optimize delivery of CP. Both isomers showed similar pH stability behavior, but R-isomer was more susceptible to enzymatic metabolism compared to S-isomer, when incubated with enzymes collected from various segments of GIT. Based on the in vitro and in vivo results, use of S-isomer for development of a dosage form such as gastro-retentive dosage form can improve oral bioavailability of CP.

vantin generic name 2015-10-16

Twenty nine children were treated with cefpodoxime proxetil (CPDX-PR, CS-807) and the clinical efficacy and side effects were evaluated. Ages of the patients ranged from 2 months to 10 years. Dose levels of CPDX-PR ranged from 7.5 to 12.0 mg/kg/day for 5 to 12.7 days. The 29 patients included 9 tonsillitis, 2 otitis media, 5 scarlet fever, 3 bronchopneumonia, 1 lymphadenitis, 8 urinary tract infections and 1 staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome, and they were evaluated for the clinical efficacy of CPDX-PR. Results were excellent in 21 and good in 8 patients. Out of the 29 patients, 3 cases showed diarrhea and 2 cases showed elevated GOT and GPT. The pharmacokinetics of CPDX-PR was studied in 9 patients whose ages ranged from 1 to 9 years. The serum peak concentrations of CPDX in 5 patients were between 1.37 and 4.10 micrograms/ml (mean: 2.53 micrograms/ml) at 1 to 6 hours after dosing 3 mg/kg before meals. Those of 4 patients ranged 3.29 to 4.88 micrograms/ml (mean: 4.36 micrograms/ml) at 2 hours after administering 6 mg/kg before meals. Portions Clomid Medication of CPDX excreted into urine within 6 hours ranged from 20.3 to 34.3% (mean 27.1%) in 5 patients who were given 3 mg/kg, and ranged from 24.1 to 65.7% (mean 41.1%) in 4 patients given 6 mg/kg.

vantin 500 mg 2016-01-19

The administration of oral CPDX-PR (100 mg, twice Tricor Dose daily, for 3 days) appears to be a safe, cost-saving, convenient prophylaxis which reduces overall expense.

vantin reviews 2017-03-18

An open-labeled and randomized trial was conducted to compare the efficacy and safety of once daily cefpodoxime proxetil suspension (10mg/kg/day) and thrice daily cefaclor (45mg/kg/day) in the treatment of acute otitis media in children. A total of 57 children aged from 6 months to 9 years were enrolled; 23 were treated with cefpodoxime and 34 with cefaclor. Satisfactory clinical outcome, either cure or improvement, was achieved at the end of treatment in 90% of patients in the cefaclor group and 95% of patients in the cefpodoxime group (p > 0.05). Clinical recurrence was identified at the Cymbalta Generic Discount follow-up visits in one case of the cefaclor group (3%), and none in the cefpodoxime group (p > 0.05). These drugs were well tolerated by 14/21 (67%) in the cefpodoxime-treated group and 27/32 (84%) in the cefaclor-treated group. The incidence of adverse events was slightly higher in the cefpodoxime group than in the cefaclor group, however the difference did not reach statistical significance (p > 0.05). The daily cost of once-daily cefpodoxime was lower than that of thrice-daily cefaclor. We conclude that cefpodoxime administered once daily is as effective and safe as cefaclor administered thrice daily in the treatment of acute otitis media in children. The less dosing frequency and lower daily price of cefpodoxime provide additional benefits.

buy vantin online 2017-03-18

The risk for a child to carry penicillin-resistant S. pneumoniae (MIC > or = 0.125 mg/l) did not increase after antibiotic treatment: 84 of 364 (23.1%) before, 70 of 364 (19.2%) after. There was a significant decrease of penicillin-susceptible S. pneumoniae carriage Artane Cost , 117 of 364 (32.1%) before treatment compared with 24 of 364 (6.6%) (P = 0.0001) after treatment. However, among the children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment there was an increase in the percentage of penicillin-resistant pneumococci: 84 of 201 (41.8%) before treatment and 70 of 94 (74.5%) after treatment. Among the 94 children carrying S. pneumoniae at the end of the treatment, 22 did not harbor pneumococcus before, 16 carried another genotypically different serotype and 56 harbored the same serotype. Among these 56 children 2 patients harbored strains that had increased MICs for the tested beta-lactam antibiotics. The randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analysis showed that in one case, the strains were genetically different.

vantin oral suspension 2015-08-04

The Rf values for CEFPO, AMBRO, and paracetamol were found to be 0.69 ± 0.005, 0.49 ± Avelox Tabs 0.0057, and 0.31 ± 0.0054, respectively. The stability of CEFPO and AMBRO in plasma was confirmed during three freeze-thaw cycles (-20°C), on bench during 24 h and post preparative during 48 h.

vantin renal dose 2017-02-25

To evaluate the change in nasopharyngeal carriage of S. pneumoniae during Tofranil Max Dose antibiotic therapy prescribed for acute otitis media.

vantin tablets 2015-07-15

We conducted a blinded taste test evaluating 12 antimicrobial suspensions by smell, texture, taste, aftertaste and overall acceptance. Drugs received cumulative scores in each category as well as a total score ranking. Overall Lorabid scored highest but not significantly higher than Keflex, Suprax and Ceclor, all of which score higher than the other test drugs. Cefzil and Augmentin scored just below this group of drugs and higher than all other test drugs. Vantin was inferior to these drugs primarily because of its low Celebrex Max Dose score in aftertaste. It was ranked along with V-Cillin-K, Veetids, Sulfatrim and Pediazole, the lowest scoring group of drugs other than Dynapen which scored lower than all other test drugs. No difference overall was detected between the two penicillin VK suspensions evaluated, V-Cillin-K and Veetids.