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Rulide (Roxythromycin)

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Generic Rulide is used to treat infections in different parts of the body caused by bacteria (acute pharyngitis (sore throat and discomfort when swallowing), tonsillitis, sinusitis, acute bronchitis (infection of the bronchi causing coughing), pneumonia (lung infection characterised by fever, malaise, headache), skin and soft tissue infections, non gonoccocal urethritis, impetigo (bacterial infection causing sores on the skin).

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Dificid, Zmax, Biaxin XL, Zithromax


Also known as:  Roxythromycin.


Generic Rulide belongs to macrolides group of antibiotics which are prescribed for treating serious bacterial infections such as acute pharyngitis (sore throat and discomfort when swallowing), tonsillitis, sinusitis, acute bronchitis (infection of the bronchi causing coughing), pneumonia (lung infection characterised by fever, malaise, headache), skin and soft tissue infections, non gonoccocal urethritis, impetigo (bacterial infection causing sores on the skin). It acts on the bacteria which causes the above mention bacterial infections caused by the bacteria. It kills completely or slows the growth of these sensitive bacteria in our body.

Generic name of Generic Rulide is Roxithromycin.

Rulide is also known as Roxithromycin, Roximycin, Biaxsig, Roxar, Surlid.

Brand name of Generic Rulide is Rulide.


Take Generic Rulide by mouth with food.

If you have trouble swallowing the tablet whole, it may be crushed or chewed with a little water.

Swallow Generic Rulide tablets whole with a glass of water.

Generic Rulide should be taken at least 15 minutes before food or on an empty stomach (i.e. more than 3 hours after a meal).

Generic Rulide works best if you take it on an empty stomach.

For treating bacterial infections, Generic Rulide is usually taken for 5 to 10 days.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Rulide suddenly.


If you overdose Generic Rulide and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep in a tight, light-resistant container. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Rulide are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Generic Rulide if you are allergic to Generic Rulide components.

Try to be careful with Generic Rulide if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

It can be dangerous to stop Generic Rulide taking suddenly.

rulide roxithromycin dosage

We report three cases of psittacosis in staff working in a veterinary surgery, which was related to exposure to a sick, wild psittacine bird. Chlamydial genus- and chlamydial species-specific DNA was detected in clinical specimens, including throat swabs, whole blood and urine. The organism load was quantified by real-time PCR (RT-PCR), which revealed 10(5)-fold more organisms in conjunctival swabs from the source bird than in the human samples. One clinic attendant was infected despite using personal protective equipment when handling the bird. This is the first report of PCR analyses of blood and urine samples being used to diagnose human psittacosis, and the first time that the organism load in humans has been compared to that of the infecting bird.

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Most of the isolates of S. pyogenes collected during 1995-99 were susceptible to midecamycin (93.8%), erythromycin (90.4%), clarithromycin (93.2%), roxithromycin (91.8%), azithromycin (88.4%), josamycin (94.5%), and clindamycin (94.5%). According to the CA-SFM criteria, 132 of the 146 isolates studied were susceptible to erythromycin (MICs < or = 1 mg/L), four were intermediate (MICs 2-4 mg/L), and 10 were resistant (MICs > 4 mg/L). Only nine isolates were midecamycin resistant (MICs > 4 mg/L), and the others were susceptible. The increased activity of midecamycin (MIC90 < or = 0.06 mg/L), as compared to erythromycin (MIC90 = 0.5 mg/L) and to other 14- or 15-membered macrolides, was related to the absence of the ermB determinant in seven isolates which displayed an efflux phenotype (five isolates) or an inducible resistance phenotype due to an ermTR determinant (two isolates).

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A liquid chromatographic method for the determination of the macrolide antibiotics, roxithromycin and clarithromycin, in plasma is described. The method is fully automated, employing on-line solid-phase extraction for sample clean-up, using the Prospekt unit. Plasma samples, mixed with internal standard, were injected onto exchangeable CN cartridges. After washing, the compounds were eluted and transferred to a C18 analytical column for separation and electrochemical detection. Clarithromycin was used as internal standard when assaying roxithromycin and vice versa. The recovery of the solid-phase extraction method was 90% and higher, and the relative standard deviation was about 3%. The limit of quantitation was 0.5 mumol/l when 25 microliters of plasma was injected. Comparison with a liquid-liquid extraction method for sample clean-up showed good agreement.

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All 47 patients who suffer chronic sinusitis at out-patient clinic from 2006. 10 to 2008. 03 were administered low dose Roxithromycin. Follow up all the patients and get polypi at 3-month and 6-month. AO/EB was employed to detect the apoptosis of endothelial cell.

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Clarithromycin, azithromycin and dirithromycin have recently been introduced in France. We list the different drug-interactions with these three new drugs and with erythromycin, josamycin, roxithromycin, midecamycin and spiramycin.

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In this study, the occurrence and distribution of sixteen antibiotics belonging to four groups in surface water, sediment and groundwater samples from the Wangyang River (WYR), a typical river receiving sewage discharges were investigated. Laboratory analyses revealed that antibiotics were widely distributed in the studied area. The aqueous samples were unavoidably contaminated with antibiotics, and the target antibiotics present in high levels were oxytetracycline, tetracycline, chlortetracycline, ofloxacin, sulfamethoxazole, and trimethoprim, with maximum concentrations of the individual contaminant at 3.6×10(5), 9.7×10(3), 6.9×10(4), 1.2×10(4), 4.8×10(3), and 1.1×10(3) ng L(-1), respectively. Oxytetracycline, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin and roxithromycin were the most frequently detected compounds in sediment samples, with maximum concentrations of the individual contaminant at 1.6×10(5), 1.7×10(4), 2.1×10(3) and 2.5×10(3) ng g(-1), respectively. The results also revealed that the high intensity of aquaculture activities could contribute to the increasing levels of antibiotics in the area. According to the ratios of measured environmental concentration (MEC) to predicted no-effect concentration (PNEC), chlortetracycline, tetracycline, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin-H2O and sulfamethoxazole may present possible environmental risk to Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata, Synechococcus leopoliensis and M. aeruginosa. Attention should be given to the long-term ecological effects caused by the continuous discharge of antibiotics in the WYR area.

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Sulfur mustard, a vesicant chemical warfare agent, causes airway injury due to massive release of destructive enzymes and mediators of inflammation. Nitric oxide plays an important yet controversial role in inflammation. An impressive number of reports suggest that excessive amount of nitric oxide may promote inflammation-induced cell injury and death. Overproduction of nitric oxide is catalysed by up-regulated expression of the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). In this study, we used quantum dot-mediated immunocytochemistry to analyse iNOS expression and flow cytometry to analyse the intracellular nitric oxide production in sulfur mustard-exposed normal human small airway epithelial cells and bronchial/tracheal epithelial cells and studied the effect of four US Food and Drug Administration-approved macrolide antibiotics, namely, azithromycin, clarithromycin, erythromycin and roxithromycin. Exposure to 100 microM sulfur mustard significantly up-regulated iNOS expression and resulted in overproduction of nitric oxide in these cells. Addition of macrolide antibiotics to 100 microM in the medium reduced both iNOS expression and nitric oxide production to near normal level. Thus, the current study provides in vitro evidence of the immunomodulatory effects of macrolide antibiotics in sulfur mustard-exposed airway epithelial cells. These results suggest that macrolide antibiotics may serve as potential vesicant respiratory therapeutics through mechanisms independent of their antibacterial activity.

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A 48-year-old female was seen at our hospital after having a severe fever of nearly 40 degrees C, for a period of 9 days. She complained of pain in the left side of her chest. An X-ray examination revealed a slight infiltration of the upper and middle lung fields. At this time, it was learned that the women's pet bird had recently died. This case was diagnosed as acute pneumonia due to psittacosis. Therefore the administration of Roxithromycin was started. After a few day her condition improved. During the course of treatment, serum was taken and a throat swab was done. A micro-immunofluorescence (MIF) test was performed to check the serum antibody levels against Chlamydia psittaci. The serum titer rose from 1:8 to 1:256 in 15 days after admission. The final diagnosis was made after positive isolation of C. psittaci by means of the cell culture method.

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The causal agent of the disease was finally proved to be one species of bacteria that was identified as Shewanella putrefaciens. Experimental infection with S. putrefaciens resulted in the same gross signs as naturally infected fish and the same bacteria were recovered in a pure culture from freshly dead fish. The LD50 of S. putrefacien was calculated as 2.1 x 10(3) cfu/g. The result of drug sensitivity test showed that S. putrefaciens was sensitive to Pipemidic acid, Nalidixic acid, Fluperacid, Enoxacin, Florfenicol, Rifampicin, Minocycline, Fleroxacin, Enrofloxacin, Ceftriaxone, Cefalexin, Ceftazidine, Roxithromycin and Levofloxacin.

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To investigate the transplacental transfer of the macrolide antibiotics erythromycin, roxithromycin and azithromycin.

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Azithromycin is effective and well tolerated for patients with diffuse panbronchiolitis.

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A 25-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of uncontrollable coughing and sputum production. He had been suffering from coughing and sputum production since he was 7 years old. He was given a diagnosis of bronchiectasis and persistent airway infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa when he was 16 years old. One year of treatment with erythromycin and another year of treatment with roxithromycin were not effective. After he was referred to our hospital in 1993, he was given clarithromycin together with tosufloxacin for two years as an outpatient. The treatment was not very effective, but some prophylactic effect was seen with regard to prevention of acute exacerbations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa airway infection. Examination after admission revealed a high level of serum IgE (3703 U/ml), a strong skin reaction to aspergillus allergen, and marked central bronchiectasis in both upper lobes. He had no history of eosinophilia or of attacks of dyspnea. Our diagnosis was acute exacerbation of long-standing allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and chronic airway infection. Treatment with oral prednisolone (30 mg per day) together with intravenous cefsulodin for three weeks resulted in marked relief symptoms and improvement in pulmonary function. The delay in correct diagnosis seems to have been caused by the lack of an obvious episode of asthma, and by the fact that the chronic productive coughing was thought to have been due to bronchiectasis, and to chronic bacterial infection. The characteristic bronchiectasis of this patient prompted us to examine the allergic reaction to aspergillus and let us to the correct diagnosis.

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The disposition of roxithromycin, an investigational macrolide antibiotic, was evaluated in 20 subjects, 10 with normal renal function (creatinine clearance [CLCR] of 116 +/- 17 ml/min [mean +/- standard deviation]) and 10 with severely impaired renal function (CLCR of 10.2 +/- 2.6 ml/min) after a single 300-mg oral dose. Plasma concentration-time data were analyzed in terms of a one- or two-compartment oral absorption model utilizing nonlinear regression analysis. The terminal elimination half-life was significantly prolonged in the group with severely impaired renal function (15.5 +/- 4.7 h) compared with that of the group with normal renal function (7.9 +/- 2.5 h). Apparent total body clearance was significantly reduced in the renally impaired (25.3 +/- 10.5 ml/min) in relation to the group with normal renal function (48.8 +/- 11.1 ml/min). The first-order absorption rate constants and apparent volumes of distribution did not differ between the two groups. These data indicate that the disposition of roxithromycin is significantly delayed in subjects with CLCRs of less than 15 ml/min and suggest that the roxithromycin dosing interval be doubled for these patients.

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Analysis of pharmacy dispensing data in June to October before (2000) and after (2001) the intervention, which commenced on 25 June 2001.

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In vitro post-antibiotic effect (PAE) induced by erythromycin, roxithromycin, josamycin and spiramycin has been compared on Staphylococcus aureus. Three MLSB sensitive and three MLSB inducible resistant S. aureus strains have been used. delta t was the time required for culture to increase by 1 log10 after drug removal in comparison with controls. For erythromycin and roxithromycin delta t ranged from 6 minutes at 1 x MIC to 48 minutes at 4 x MIC (average of the six strains at 4 x MIC: 33 minutes). For josamycin and spiramycin, delta t ranged from 36 at 1/2 x MIC to 138 minutes at 4 x MIC (average at 4 x MIC: 101 minutes). No difference was observed between MLSB sensitive and MLSB inducible resistant S. aureus strains. In our experimental conditions, PAEs observed with josamycin and spiramycin (16-membered-ring macrolides) were 2.5 to 3 times longer than those observed with erythromycin and roxithromycin (14-membered-ring macrolides). These results added to biological differences previously observed between 14-membered-ring and 16-membered-ring macrolides.

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Eighty-four patients with small AAAs were randomized to either an annual 4 weeks' treatment with roxithromycin or placebo, and followed prospectively.

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150 patients were available for evaluation; H. pylori was successfully eradicated in 84.7% (127/ 150) as determined by urease quick test, 78.0% (117/150) by histology, 81.3% (109/134) by 13C-urea breath test; and in 75.3% (113/150), at least two tests were negative. Side-effects were reported in 34 patients (most commonly diarrhoea and changes in liver function tests), in two cases the study medication was interrupted. Prior to treatment, 23% of the H. pylori isolates were resistant against metronidazole and 3.4% against roxithromycin. After unsuccessful treatment, 84% of the isolates were resistant against metronidazole and 21% against roxithromycin. Primary resistance to metronidazole increased the chance of treatment failure approximately sevenfold (7% vs. 53%).

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In the Kalgoorlie Otitis Media Research Project nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children up to seven times between the age of 1 week and 2 years. A total of 261 M. catarrhalis strains from 50 Aboriginal and 50 non-Aboriginal children were tested against 14 antibiotics using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) agar dilution method.

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Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4 is the most prevalent metabolising enzyme in the human liver and is also a target for various drug interactions of significant clinical concern. Even though there are numerous reports regarding drug interactions involving CYP3A4, it is far from easy to estimate all potential interactions, since too many drugs are metabolised by CYP3A4. For this reason, a comprehensive framework for the prediction of CYP3A4-mediated drug interactions would be of considerable clinical importance.

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The binding to human polymorphonuclear leucocytes and the intracellular bioactivity of the macrolide antibiotics erythromycin and roxithromycin on Legionella micdadei, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus were investigated in vitro by the combination of a fluorochrome microassay and a radioassay. Polymorphs with intact or absent membrane-associated oxidative metabolism were used to investigate the interactions which may occur between the intrinsic oxygen-dependent antimicrobial systems of human polymorphs and the test antibiotics, in the elimination of intracellular microbial pathogens. Elimination of O2-dependent antimicrobial systems with retention of phagocytic activity was achieved by using polymorphs from children with chronic granulomatous disease NaF-pulsed normal polymorphs. Both antimicrobial agents were actively concentrated by polymorphs. Erythromycin was concentrated ten-fold and roxithromycin approximately thirty-fold above extra cellular levels. Both agents possessed intracellular bacteriostatic activity for all three test microbial pathogens. Depletion of polymorph O2-dependent intrinsic antimicrobial systems interfered with the intracellular bioactivity of both antibiotics. This emphasizes the importance of interactions between cell-associated antibiotics and phagocyte antimicrobial systems in the elimination of intracellular microbial pathogens. Like erythromycin, roxithromycin is concentrated by human phagocytes and is bioactive intracellularly.

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rulide and alcohol 2015-10-04

Established risk factors account for no more than 50% of coronary artery disease cases; therefore, the buy rulide search continues for other modifiable risk factors. In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the infectious theory of atherosclerosis. Chlamydia pneumoniae has been implicated as a potential cause of atherosclerotic disease.

rulide paediatric dose 2015-03-03

Lyme disease is a rapidly emerging buy rulide infectious disease and there are still many unanswered questions with respect to appropriate laboratory tests required for diagnosis of early Lyme disease, types of antimicrobials required for treatment and duration of therapy. A qualitative systematic review was used to summarise the existing data for the treatment of early Lyme disease. Eleven antibacterial therapy trials and 3 cost-effectiveness analyses met the inclusion criteria for this review. Antibacterial regimens that have been studied include phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin V), amoxicillin, amoxicillin/probenecid, tetracycline, doxycycline, cefuroxime axetil, erythromycin, roxithromycin, azithromycin and ceftriaxone. The data support the use of oral beta-lactam antibacterials [phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin V), amoxicillin, cefuroxime axetil] and oral tetracyclines as effective first-line treatment modalities for early Lyme disease. Oral macrolides are considered second-line agents as their clinical efficacy has been less than that of the beta-lactams and tetracyclines. Courses of therapy ranging from 10 to 21 days are supported by the available evidence, although the optimal duration of therapy is unknown.

rulide tablets 2017-09-03

The activity of roxithromycin against three clinical isolates of Mycobacterium avium was compared with that of clarithromycin both in a model of infection of human monocyte-derived macrophages and in a model of established infection of C57BL/6 mice. In the cell culture model, roxithromycin and clarithromycin were bactericidal for strains MO-1 and N-92159 and bacteriostatic for strain N-93043. For the three strains, the differences between the intracellular activities of roxithromycin and clarithromycin were not singificant after 7 days of treatment. Mice were infected with the MO-1 strain. Drugs were given by gavage at a dosage of 200 mg/kg of body weight 6 days per week for 16 weeks starting 5 weeks buy rulide after infection. At the end of treatment, clarithromycin was more effective than roxithromycin in lungs; roxithromycin was as effective as clarithromycin in spleens. Thus, the activity of roxithromycin was comparable to that of clarithromycin both in vitro and in vivo.

rulide roxithromycin dosage 2016-12-18

The intraphagocytic activity of erythromycin, roxithromycin and azithromycin against phagocytosed Staphylococcus aureus was compared. Erythromycin and roxithromycin both acted bacteriostatically at concentrations corresponding to 10 X MIC. Azithromycin, however, did not prevent intracellular proliferation of the staphylococci. On comparison buy rulide of the pH dependency of the antibacterial activity of the three drugs, azithromycin was found to be inactivated earlier in an acidic milieu.

rulide antibiotic dosage 2017-09-22

Non-selective use of roxithromycin buy rulide is inadequate for prevention of restenosis after coronary stenting. There is, however, a differential effect dependent on C pneumoniae titres. In patients with high titres, roxithromycin reduced the rate of restenosis.

rulide suspension 2017-05-16

The authors give an account of the use of Roxithromycin (preparation Rulide) in children of the youngest age group, i.e. in infants. From January 1989 to April 1992 they treated 24 children under 5 weeks to 12 months of age with Roxithromycin. Roxithromycin was administered in amounts from 5 to 10 mg/kg after 12-hour intervals in the course of 4 to 12 days. In 22 children a favourable clinical effect was observed, in two children antibiotic treatment buy rulide had to be changes because there was no clinical response. Undesirable effects, i.e. vomiting, during Roxithromycin were observed only in two children. In no instance was it necessary to discontinue treatment.

rulide medication 2016-11-21

Recently we found that certain antibiotics which are markedly concentrated by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) failed to kill susceptible, intraphagocytic Staphylococcus aureus, even though cellular drug levels were quite high. The possibility that specific antibiotics might adversely affect phagocyte antibacterial function was considered. Thus, we studied the effects of multiple antibiotics and adenosine, a known modulator of the PMN respiratory burst response, on neutrophil antibacterial function. At nontoxic concentrations, these drugs had no effect on degranulation in stimulated PMN. Adenosine was a potent inhibitor of formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (FMPL)-stimulated superoxide and hydrogen peroxide generation in PMN but produced less inhibition of microbial particle-induced respiratory burst activity. Three of the tested antibiotics, all of which reach high concentrations in phagocytic cells, had a marked modulatory effect on the PMN respiratory burst. Clindamycin, which enters phagocytes by the cell membrane adenosine (nucleoside) transport system, had only a modest effect on FMLP-mediated superoxide production but inhibited the microbial particle-induced response by approximately 50%. Roxithromycin and trimethoprim were efficient inhibitors of PMN superoxide generation stimulated by buy rulide FMLP and concanavalin A (also inhibited by erythromycin) but had less effect on zymosan-mediated respiratory burst activity. Antibiotics which entered phagocytes less readily had no effect on the respiratory burst response in PMN. These results, as well as those of experiments with inhibitors of cell membrane nucleoside receptors, indicated that the antibiotic effect is mediated through intraphagocytic pathways. The possibility that antibiotic-associated inhibition of the PMN respiratory burst response might alter leukocyte antimicrobial and inflammatory function deserves further evaluation.

rulide contraceptive pill 2017-10-07

HPDL cells were plated at 5 x 10(5) cells/ml in 150 cm2 cell culture dishes. The confluent-stage cells were pretreated with or without 10 microg/ml of RXM or other antibiotics in 1% FBS-containing alpha-MEM buy rulide for 24 hours, followed by simultaneous treatment with 10 ng/ml of TNF-alpha and 10 microg/ml of these antibiotics. After incubation for various periods, the culture supernatants and sediments were collected and analyzed by ELISA, Northern blot, and gel shift assays.

rulide 300mg tablets 2016-03-29

The concentrations of the new macrolide antibiotic roxithromycin in plasma, saliva, gingiva, and alveolar bone were studied in 24 odontoiatric patients treated with a first dose of 300 mg p.o. followed by three maintenance doses of 150 mg p.o., 12-hourly. Samples of blood, saliva, gingiva, and bone were collected at various time points up to 24 h after the last dosing, and the roxithromycin concentration was measured microbiologically, using Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633 as the reference buy rulide organism. Pharmacokinetic analysis was performed according to a two-compartment open model with first-order absorption. The plasma, gingiva, and alveolar bone peak concentrations were 6.12 +/- 1.94 mg/l, 6.55 +/- 2.54 mg/kg, and 5.09 +/- 1.60 mg/kg, respectively. Low levels of roxithromycin were detected in saliva (0.67 +/- 0.12 mg/l at the 3rd h). The values of the area under the concentration-time curve for plasma, gingiva, and bone were 59.47 mg/l.h, 51.88 mg/kg.h and 46.80 mg/kg.h, respectively; the half-life values were 7.52 h for plasma and 6.36 and 5.20 h for gingiva and bone, respectively. These results indicate that roxithromycin reaches high levels in periodontal tissues.

rulide pediatric dose 2016-11-24

We have studied ciliary beat frequency (CBF) of rabbit cultured tracheal epithelium by a photoelectric method in-vitro. Addition of erythromycin and roxithromycin increased CBF in a dose-dependent fashion, whereas clarithromycin was without effect. The rank order potency of macrolide was roxithromycin > erythromycin > clarithromycin. The roxithromycin-induced increase in CBF buy rulide was not altered by propranolol, AA-861, or verapamil, but partially attenuated by indomethacin. Roxithromycin increased intracellular cAMP concentrations. These results suggest that certain macrolides can stimulate airway ciliary motility probably via prostaglandin- and cAMP-dependent regulatory pathways, which may affect mucociliary transport function in the respiratory tract.

rulide tablet uses 2016-01-27

During a 3-year period, we buy rulide retrieved the results from placental and amniotic membrane cultures obtained at delivery in cases of maternal fever, chorioamnionitis, and PPROM, and from blood cultures obtained from neonates with early-onset sepsis (EOS) in three participating hospitals. Sensitivity of pathogens to antimicrobial agents was performed using routine microbiologic techniques.

rulide drug interactions 2017-06-27

The pharmacokinetics of roxithromycin was investigated after oral administration of 2.5 mg/kg doses given 12 hours apart during 6 days in infants and children. These 18 subjects suffering from a respiratory tract infection were divided into three age groups: group I less than 18 months, group II less than 5 years, group III less than 13 years. At day 6, the elimination plasma half-life had an average value (mean +/- SD) of 19.8 +/- 9.7 h (group I), 21.0 +/- 9.4 h (group II) and 20.8 +/- 6.9 h (group III), respectively. The maximum concentration of roxithromycin (Cmax) was attained between 1 and 2 hours after dosing with mean values of 10.1 +/- 3.0 mg/l (group I), 8.7 +/- 4.9 mg/l (group II), 8.8 +/- 7.0 mg/l (group III). All the calculated pharmacokinetic parameters did not significantly differ from one group to another. The kinetics of roxithromycin in infants and children seemed to be age independent and showed no accumulation after repeated doses. During 12 hours, the plasma concentrations were above MIC of microorganisms generally present in respiratory tract infections. Two daily doses of 2.5 mg/kg of roxithromycin 12 hours apart may be buy rulide proposed in infants and children.

rulide 500 mg 2015-06-13

The study was conducted at 18 spanish hospitals from October 1997 to March 1998. The final total of patients with CAP enrolled was 161 (75 women and 86 men). Three patients required hospital admission. In a 3% of patients the Gram staining of the sputum specimen was performed; in 53% of patients blood cultures were obtained (3.4% were positive) and in 23% of patients serological determinations are performed (16.7% were positive). The final microbiological results led to the disclosure of the etiologic agent of CAP in 5.5% of patients. In only one patient did the results prompt a change in antibiotic therapy. The clinical course was favorable in 92.5% of patients. In 12 patients (7.5%) a change of antibiotic was made or a second antibiotic was added. The mean therapy duration with roxithromycin buy rulide was 11.9 days (range: 7-22 days). In five patients (3.1%), the observed adverse events were attributed to roxithromycin, and in no case was discontinuation of therapy necessary.

rulide dosage 2016-10-04

Chlamydia pneumoniae strains have been recovered from arteriosclerotic coronary arteries, but their antibiotic susceptibility profiles Seroquel 4 Mg have not yet been examined. We report in vitro susceptibility data for five cardiovascular C. pneumoniae isolates. These strains did not differ significantly from respiratory strains in their patterns of susceptibility to azithromycin, erythromycin, roxithromycin, ofloxacin, doxycycline, rifampin, and penicillin G. Roxithromycin was the most active macrolide, and rifampin was the most effective drug overall.

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Macrolide antibiotics are mechanism-based inactivators of CYP3A Sporanox Cost enzymes that exhibit varying degrees of inhibitory potency. Our aim was to predict quantitatively the drug-drug interaction (DDI) potential of five macrolides from in vitro studies using testosterone as the CYP3A substrate, and to compare the predictions generated from human liver microsomal and recombinant CYP3A4 data.

rulide drug information 2016-08-05

There were significant differences between younger and older patients with pediatric Lyme arthritis. Younger Zofran Zydis Dosage patients were more likely to have fever at the onset of arthritis and to have acute or episodic arthritis. Older patients were more likely to have chronic arthritis, higher levels of IgG antibodies to B. burgdorferi (by ELISA and immunoblot), and a longer interval between antibiotic treatment and the disappearance of arthritis. Of 51 patients followed for at least 12 months after initiation of antibiotic treatment, 24% retained manifestations of the disease including arthritis (8 patients) and arthralgias (4 patients). These patients were predominantly female (9/12) and were significantly older than patients without residual symptoms. Patients who had received intraarticular steroids prior to antibiotic treatment required significantly more courses of antibiotic treatment and the time required for disappearance of the arthritis was longer.

rulide drug 2017-10-12

The objective of this study was Paracetamol Medicine Brands to monitor the antimicrobial utilization in ENT out patient services in a tertiary care hospital of Nepal.

rulide generic name 2017-12-10

Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) eradication heals chronic active type B gastritis and dramatically changes the natural history of duodenal ulcer disease. There are few data concerning the role of anti-H pylori treatment in gastric ulcer disease. A total of 83 patients presenting with H pylori positive active gastric ulcer disease were treated with omeprazole and antibiotics (amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, roxithromycin) in seven different clinical protocols, each of which included the attempt to eradicate H pylori infection and to evaluate the post-therapeutic course of ulcer disease. The overall proportion of H pylori eradication was 67.9% (53 of 78 patients available for follow up). Best results were obtained with two week treatment regimens comprising omeprazole 20 mg twice daily and amoxicillin 500 mg four times a day or 1000 mg twice daily (eradication > 80%). Eradication of H pylori speeds up ulcer healing, with a six week healing rate of 84.9% compared with 60% in patients with persistent H pylori infection (p = 0.0148). In a subgroup of 11 patients with refractory ulcers, H pylori eradication (n = 10) was associated with ulcer healing on continued acid suppression in nine cases. One male patient with chronic antral ulcer did not respond to treatment within the next six months (H pylori and ulcer persistence), and in one female patient a resistant body ulcer was identified as gastric lymphoma. Fifty patients with healed ulcers were followed up for one year. Patients with (n = 32) and without (n = 18) bacterial eradication had similar demographic and clinical characteristics. H pylori eradication was associated with a statistically significant reduction of ulcer recurrences (3.1 v 55.6%, p<0.001). This study concludes that H pylori eradication considerably changes Lexapro Pill the natural history of H pylori associated gastric ulcer disease. In addition, H pylori eradication speeds up ulcers healing and is associated with healing of previously refractory ulcers. Thus, treatment aimed at bacterial eradication should be considered in all patients with gastric ulcers severe enough to contemplate further treatment options.

rulide tablet price 2017-02-15

To assess the efficacy of roxithromycin on airway inflammation and remodeling in patients with Plavix 225 Mg NCFB under steady state.

rulide alcohol 2017-07-30

The interaction of azithromycin with normal human serum was examined in relation to serum protein binding, MIC, and kinetics of killing of bacteria. While the binding of azithromycin to serum proteins is low (8.5% at a concentration of 0.01 mM in 95% serum), the presence of 40% serum during the MIC test decreased MICs by 26-fold for serum-resistant Escherichia coli and 15-fold for Staphylococcus aureus. Erythromycin had a similar but lesser effect, while roxithromycin was less active against S. aureus in the presence of serum. The rate of killing of E. coli and S. aureus by azithromycin was increased in the presence of serum. The enhancement of antibiotic activity by serum was Lanoxin Tablet Dosage pH independent, and heat inactivation and preabsorption with homologous bacteria failed to inhibit enhancement by serum. The macromolecular incorporation of [3H]thymidine by E. coli continuously exposed to 2 micrograms of azithromycin per ml (0.25x the MIC) and 40% serum was decreased by 80% at pH 7.8 and by 48% at pH 7.2, while azithromycin alone failed to inhibit incorporation. Inhibition of nucleic acid biosynthesis at pH 7.2 in the presence of serum was also detected with sub-MICs of erythromycin, norfloxacin, and gentamicin but not roxithromycin. A diffusible serum factor was shown to interact with azithromycin to inhibit the growth of E. coli in an agar diffusion assay to detect antibiotic-serum synergy.

rulide cost 2016-03-21

In a double blind, randomised investigation in 193 hospitalized patients, with low respiratory infections, roxithromycin (150 mg bd) and erythromycin ethylsuccinate (1 g bd) were compared. Assessment of safety was made in 183 patients and clinical response in 155 patients. The mean duration of treatment was 11 days in both groups. Clinical effectiveness was 82% (67/82) for roxithromycin and 77% (56/73) for erythromycin ethylsuccinate. Roxithromycin appears to have a good effectiveness and to be effective as erythromycin ethylsuccinate. The safety profile is satisfactory in both groups.

generic rulide tablet 2015-02-14

The efficacy and tolerance of roxithromycin 150 mg b.i.d. were compared with those of erythromycin stearate 500 mg b.i.d. in patients with lower respiratory tract infections. Out of 86 patients recruited for the study, 79 were evaluable for tolerance and 76 for efficacy. These patients were evenly distributed among the 3 investigational clinics, with 26, 25 and 28 patients, respectively. The diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections was based on clinical, laboratory, radiological and/or physical findings and, when available, bacteriological and serological findings. The duration of treatment was 10 days, with follow-up at post-treatment visits directly after treatment and 6 weeks thereafter. The clinical outcome was satisfactory with no significant difference between the drugs. More patients reporting adverse events were on erythromycin than on roxithromycin (51.3% vs 17.5%; p = 0.003). The results suggest that roxithromycin is as effective as erythromycin stearate in the treatment of lower respiratory tract infections and causes fewer adverse effects.

rulide tab 2016-10-02

Based on the theory of stochastic resonance, the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of HPLC/UV chromatographic signal of roxithromycin is enhanced by cooperation of signal, noise and nonlinear system. A simple new method for the determination of low concentration of roxithromycin in beagle dog plasma is presented. Using signal enhancement by stochastic resonance, this method extends the limit of quantitation from the reported 0.5 to 0.1 microg/ml. During validation of the new method, HPLC/MS was used as a comparison technique. The results indicate that the recovery and low concentrations of roxithromycin in beagle dog plasma were equivalent between the two methods (P>0.05). Stochastic resonance may be a promising tool for improving detection limits in trace analysis.

rulide drug class 2015-06-22

In this study, we created an experimental model for assessing the therapeutic effect of roxithromycin in GO and the expression of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta2) through immunohistochemistry. We used four groups of rats totaling 32 individuals. GO was induced during five weeks and drug treatment was given on the 6th week as follows: group 1 received saline; group 2 received CsA and was treated with saline on the 6th week; group 3 received CsA and, on the 6th week, ampicilin; and group 4 received CsA during 5 weeks and, on the 6th week, was treated with roxithromycin.