Equilibria and release properties of aqueous systems consisting of a set of five non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (AH) complexed with the cationic polymethacrylate Eudragit E 100 (EU) are reported in this study. The composition (EU(AH)(50) (HCl)(50)) having fifty mole percent of each counterion (A(-) and Cl(-)) produces clear, stable aqueous dispersions in which a remarkably high proportion of AH (higher than 98%) is condensed with the PE under the form of ion pairs. This property expands the interval of pH in which AH are aqueous soluble. The set of AH contains members with and without an alpha methyl group (-(CH(3))CH-COOH: Flurbiprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen) and (-CH(2)-COOH: Diclofenac, Indomethacin). The proportion of ion pairs in the complexes was lower in the former group. Release of AH from the complexes toward a saline (NaCl 0.9%) solution was assayed in Franz cells. The five complexes behaved as drug carriers that exhibited a slow drug release with a remarkable zero order. In line with the percentages of counterionic condensation observed, release rates from -(CH(3))CH-COOH complexes were clearly higher than those of -CH(2)-COOH ones.
naprosyn 100 mg
Sixty-one patients were randomized to receive valdecoxib, 60 to naproxen, and 60 to placebo. Mean (SD) subject age was 68.8 (3.25) years in the valdecoxib group, 68.6 (2.76) years in the naproxen group, and 68.6 (3.14) years in the placebo group (P = NS). In the valdecoxib and naproxen groups, 47.5% and 58.3% of subjects were female, respectively, compared with 56.7% of the placebo group (P = NS). Valdecoxib and placebo were associated with significantly lower incidences of gastroduodenal ulcers than naproxen (1.6% [1 gastroduodenal ulcer/61 patients] and 1.7% [1/59], respectively, vs 22.0% [13/59]; P < 0.001). Compared with naproxen, both valdecoxib and placebo were associated with significantly lower incidences of gastric (1.6% [1/61] and 1.7% [1/59] vs 15.3% [9/59]; both, P < 0.03) and duodenal ulcers (0% [0/61] and 0% [0/59] vs 8.5% [5/59]; both,P < 0.03). In all cases, the incidence of ulcers with valdecoxib was not significantly different from placebo. Results were similar for any erosions/ulcers, and when analyzed by H pylori status. The number of adverse events was low in each group.
naprosyn and alcohol
A large group practice that staffs 2 large teaching hospitals.
naprosyn 150 mg
NO-NSAIDs are promising anticancer drugs, comprising an NSAID, an NO-releasing moiety, and a spacer linking them. Although the effect of NO-NSAIDs on a wide variety of signaling and other cellular mechanisms has been deciphered, a key question remains unanswered, that being the role of NO to the overall biological effect of these agents. It has been shown that NO can directly modify sulfhydryl residues of proteins through S-nitrosylation and induce apoptosis. We studied 3 NO-NSAIDs having a different NSAID, spacer, and NO-releasing moiety. In vitro: aspirin, NO-ASA, naproxen, and NO-naproxen inhibited HT-29 human colon cancer cell growth, the IC(50)s being >5000, 192±6, 2800±210 and 95±5μM at 24h, respectively. NO-Aspirin and NO-naproxen reduced NF-κB protein levels, and activated caspase-3 enzyme in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Based on the biotin switch assay, NO-ASA and NO-naproxen S-nitrosylated NF-κB p65 in a time-dependent manner. Pretreatment of the cells with carboxy-PTIO, abrogated the S-nitrosylation of NF-κB p65. In vivo: rats treated with NO-ASA, NONO-ASA, and NO-naproxen showed S-nitrosylation of NF-κB p65 in the stomach tissue, increases in plasma TNF-α, and reductions in mucosal PGE(2) levels. These data provide a mechanistic role for NO and a rational for the chemopreventive effects of NO-NSAIDs.
naprosyn 500 mg
The disposition of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) nabumetone after a single oral dose administration of nabumetone tablets to humans and minipigs was investigated. Nabumetone is a prodrug, which is metabolized in the organism to the principal pharmacodynamically active metabolite -- 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid (6-MNA), and some other minor metabolites (carbonyl group reduction products, O-desmethylation products and their conjugates with glucuronic and sulphuric acids). Standards of the above-mentioned metabolites were prepared using simple synthetic procedures and their structures were confirmed by NMR and mass spectrometry. A simple HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of nabumetone, 6-MNA and the other metabolites was developed, validated and used for xenobiochemical and pharmacokinetic studies in humans and minipigs and for distribution studies in minipigs. Naproxen was chosen as the internal standard (I.S.), both UV (for higher concentrations) and fluorescence detection (for very low concentrations) were used. The identity of the nabumetone metabolites in biological samples was confirmed using HPLC-MS experiments. Pharmacokinetics of nabumetone, 6-MNA and 6-HNA (6-hydroxy-2-naphthylacetic acid) in human and minipig plasma was evaluated and compared. The concentration levels of nabumetone metabolites in urine, bile and synovial fluid were also evaluated.
naprosyn 500mg tablets
The aim of this study was to validate a self-administered questionnaire to assess prescription medication use in the 3 months before and during pregnancy.
naprosyn prescription dose
A crossover study in 10 RA patients was performed, using either nabumetone or naproxen for two weeks, and, after a washout period of two weeks, the other drug during another two weeks. Platelet aggregation studies were performed and bleeding time was assessed before and after each treatment period.
naprosyn dose pediatric
Etodolac is not associated with a statistically increased risk of acute myocardial infarction compared to naproxen.
naprosyn drug interactions
This example of Simpson's paradox is a significant finding as many drug utilization studies do not distinguish between component populations.
naprosyn medication dosage
Hepatic granulomas resulting from Schistosoma mansoni infection contain high levels of prostaglandins (PG) and leukotrienes. The present experimental study was conducted to show the effect of murine S. mansoni infection on PGE2 level in the liver granuloma homogenate and to explore the possibility of using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) namely, ibuprofen (CAS 15687-27-1) and naproxen (CAS 22204-53-1), either alone or in combination with praziquantel (CAS 55268-74-1) to induce regression of hepatic morbidity or to ameliorate the biochemical and histopathological consequences and intensity of infection. Infection with S. mansoni increased the level of alanine amino-transaminase (ALT), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), PGE2, hepatic collagen deposition, antibody titre and circulating schistosomal antigen. The last parameter was reduced significantly by progression of infection in the 11th and 16th weeks. Treatment with praziquantel was found to reduce the number of worms (97%), with complete absence of immature ova and increase in the number of dead ova. Also it reduced all the elevated parameters except PGE2. NSAIDs were found to reduce significantly the level of PGE2 at 9 weeks but not at 11 and 16 weeks post-infection. ALT and GGT were not significantly decreased compared to their corresponding controls. Treatment with ibuprofen or naproxen either alone or in combination with praziquantel or praziquantel alone reduced significantly the granuloma diameters. Collagen deposition and percentage of fibrotic area were significantly decreased compared to infected control but the antibody titre or circulating antigen levels were not affected. Combined therapy of praziquantel with ibuprofen or naproxen improved most of the parameters estimated and maintained the reducing effect on PGE2 at 11 and 16 weeks post-infection. So it can be concluded that in S. mansoni infection treatment with ibuprofen or naproxen is not preferable without treatment of schistosomiasis by using praziquantel.
naprosyn brand name
Studies have postulated that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective inhibitors affect cardiovascular risk through various mechanisms. Some of these mechanisms could increase risk (for example, inhibition of prostacyclin production), and some could decrease risk (for example, inhibition of inflammation).
naprosyn 325 mg
The ultraviolet B (UVB) component of sunlight, which causes DNA damage and inflammation, is the major cause of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), the most prevalent of all cancers. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and coxibs have been shown to be effective chemoprevention agents in multiple preclinical trials, including NMSC, colon, and urinary bladder cancer. NSAIDs, however, cause gastrointestinal irritation, which led to the recent development of nitric oxide (NO) derivatives that may partially ameliorate this toxicity. This study compared the efficacy of several NSAIDs and NO-NSAIDs on UV-induced NMSC in SKH-1 hairless mice and determined whether various short-term biomarkers were predictive of long-term tumor outcome with these agents. Naproxen at 100 (P = 0.05) and 400 ppm (P < 0.01) in the diet reduced tumor multiplicity by 26% and 63%, respectively. The NO-naproxen at slightly lower molar doses shows similar activities. Aspirin at 60 or 750 ppm in the diet reduced tumor multiplicity by 19% and 50%, whereas the equivalent doses (108 and 1,350 ppm) were slightly less effective. Sulindac at 25 and 150 ppm in the diet, doses far below the human equivalent dose was the most potent NSAID with reductions of 50% and 94%, respectively. In testing short-term biomarkers, we found that agents that reduce UV-induced prostaglandin E2 synthesis and/or inhibit UV-induced keratinocyte proliferation yielded long-term tumor efficacy.
naprosyn 500 dosage
The results show that the dissolution of the investigated solid dispersions is controlled by dissolution of both, API and PVP K25 as they codissolve according to the initial API loading. Moreover, the dissolution of indomethacin and naproxen was improved by decreasing the API loading in polymer (leading to amorphous solid dispersions) and increasing stirring speed, temperature and pH of the dissolution medium. The dissolution of indomethacin and naproxen from their amorphous solid dispersions is mainly controlled by the surface reaction, which implies that indomethacin and naproxen dissolution can be effectively improved by formulation design and by improving their solvation performance.
To know the evolution of the introduction of generic drugs (GDs) in Galicia. Secondarily, to evaluate its potential impact on pharmaceutical expenditure.
naprosyn child dose
In this Phase I, single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, healthy volunteers (50-75 years) received enteric-coated LDA 81 mg once daily (QD) on days 1 to 5 (open-label), then enteric-coated LDA 81 mg QD plus either naproxen/esomeprazole magnesium or placebo twice daily (BID) on days 6 to 10 (randomized). Serum thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) inhibition from baseline to day 11 was the primary end point. The primary analysis excluded volunteers with ≤95% inhibition at day 6. Assay sensitivity and noninferiority of naproxen/esomeprazole magnesium versus placebo were concluded if the 90% CI lower limit for percent inhibition of TXB(2) was >90.0% in both treatment groups (prespecified criterion). Tolerability was a secondary end point.
naprosyn tablet 500mg
Constricting effect of indomethacin on the ductus arteriosus of the fetus is well known. The fetal effects of other nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen are not well reported. We report here a case of a 3,790-g term neonate who developed persistent pulmonary hypertension after birth with a closed ductus arteriosus. The mother admitted to taking naproxen sodium immediately prior to the birth of the infant. The course of illness was progressively better on conservative management. Like indomethacin, other NSAIDs can also cause premature closure of fetal ductus arteriosus, pulmonary hypertension, and life-threatening problems to the neonate. Patient education regarding over-the-counter pain medication during pregnancy should be emphasized.
naprosyn drug information
One hundred patients were enrolled in a single-blind, randomized, parallel group study to compare naproxen gel (10%) with flufenamic acid gel (3%) for the treatment of soft tissue injuries. Demographic variables, the distribution of diagnoses (tendinitis, bursitis/synovitis, synovitis, periarthritis, epicondylitis) and initial severity of the complaint were similar between the two groups. The gels were applied 2 to 6 times per day, as required, and conventional clinical indices were evaluated at Day 1 (on entry to the study), Day 3 and Day 7. Global assessments of efficacy were made by both physicians and patients at the end of the study. By Day 7 both treatments had produced a highly significant improvement in symptoms (p less than 0.001). The patients using naproxen gel, however, improved more rapidly. At Day 3 the number of patients rating 'swelling', 'tenderness to firm palpation' or 'limitation of use' as 'severe' or 'moderate' was significantly less (p less than 0.05) than for patients using flufenamic acid gel. At the end of the study the physician's global efficacy rating showed no significant differences between the two gels; patients, in contrast, showed a significant preference for naproxen gel (p less than 0.05). Both gels were well tolerated. The more rapid onset of effect and patient preference for naproxen gel may be important factors in the choice of medication.
naprosyn generic name
In conclusion, etoricoxib provided sustained efficacy throughout the 121-week study, with efficacy comparable to naproxen.
naprosyn max dose
The Alzheimer's Disease Anti-inflammatory Prevention Trial Follow-up Study (ADAPT-FS) was designed to evaluate the efficacy of naproxen and celecoxib for the primary prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD) several years after cessation of treatment in ADAPT.
naprosyn 500mg dose
A controlled, randomized, double-blind crossover study, in which the patients acted as their own controls, was carried out to test the efficacy of naproxen 500 mg x 2 versus acetaminophen 1000 mg x 4 for 3 days on the postoperative course following third molar surgery. Acetaminophen reduced the mean swelling on the 3rd postoperative day by 22.4% (p = 0.023) compared to that after naproxen. On the 6th postoperative day, there was 20.9% less mean swelling with naproxen (p = 0.44), although the total swelling measurements were much less than those measured on the 3rd postoperative day. Summed pain intensity (SUMPI3.5-11) on the day of surgery revealed no statistically significant difference between the acetaminophen or naproxen regimen with the exception of 0.5 hours (p = 0.002) and 1 hour (p = 0.009) after first medication when acetaminophen gave less pain than naproxen. Since the drug regimens were different, summed PI for the first acetaminophen dose interval (SUMPI3.5-6) and the first naproxen dose interval (SUMPI3.5-9) was calculated. There was a tendency toward a statistically significant difference in favor of acetaminophen for SUMPI3.5-6 (p = 0.055) but no statistically significant difference (p = 0.41) between the treatments with respect to SUMPI3.5-9. Naproxen was statistically superior (p < or = 0.002) to acetaminophen at 08:00, 12:00, and 16:00 hours on the 1st postoperative day and at 08:00 hours on the 2nd postoperative day, when the pain intensity level was lower than that on the day of surgery. A 3-day acetaminophen regimen reduces acute postoperative swelling better than naproxen on the 3rd postoperative day after third molar surgery but not on the 6th postoperative day when the total swelling is less.
naprosyn with alcohol
A rapid and stereospecific capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method to quantify ketoprofen (KTP) enantiomers was developed. The KTP enantiomers and (+)-S-naproxen [(+)-S-NPX] as an internal standard (IS) were extracted with methylene chloride from serum acidified. Recovery of both enantiomers was in the range of 85-91%. The enantiomers were determined using a background electrolyte (BGE), consisting of 0.05 M heptakis 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (TMbetaCD) in a phosphate-triethanolamine buffer, which filled a fused silica capillary of 75 micrometer i.d. The linear range of calibration curves was between 0.25 and 50 mg l(-1), with detection limit of 0.1 mg l(-1) (signal-to-noise baseline ratio (S/N) >4). Intra- and interday precision and accuracy of the calibration curves, expressed by the coefficient of variation (CV), did not exceed 15.0%. The validated method has been successfully applied for pharmacokinetic studies of KTP enantiomers from tablets with rac-KTP in man.
naprosyn pediatric dosing
This review presents information on phytochemicals and pharmacological activities of M. acuminata plant parts. Pharmacological studies support the traditional uses of the plant, and probably validate the uses of M. acuminata by the indigenous people to treat and heal many infections and diseases. Some studies on animal models have been carried out, which also provide evidence of efficacy of the M. acuminata plant as a therapeutic agent. These observations suggest that M. acuminata plant parts possesses pluripharmacological properties, and can be used in designing potent therapeutic agents. However, individual bioactive constituent(s) from different parts of this plant need further investigations to confirm various pharmacological claims, and to explore the potential of M. acuminata in the development of drugs and use in functional foods.
naprosyn highest dosage
The aim of the study was the formulation of polyelectrolyte complexes composed of poorly water-soluble acid drugs and basic polymethacrylates by hot-melt extrusion enabling a tailor-made release pattern by the addition of inorganic salts. The influence of different electrolytes was analyzed at varying conditions in order to control drug delivery from the complexes. Poorly water-soluble model drugs naproxen and furosemide were applied in their non-ionic form. After hot-melt extrusion of the naproxen-polymethacrylate powder blend, XRPD and DSC measurements indicated the formation of a single-phase amorphous system. Milled extrudates were stable under storage at long-term and intermediate conditions. Polyelectrolyte complex formation by an acid-base reaction during hot-melt extrusion could be proven by the lack of vibrations of dimethylamino and carboxylic groups by FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy. The complexes did not dissolve in demineralized water. Drug release could be immediately induced by addition of neutral electrolytes. Tailor-made dissolution profiles were realized by controlled electrolyte triggering. Maximal effects were achieved by concentrations of 0.05-0.15 M NaCl. Different anions of alkali halogenides revealed variant magnitudes of the effect depending on the anion radius. Polyelectrolyte complex formation and dissolution principles were also confirmed for furosemide.
naprosyn 200 mg
Binary mixtures of naproxen and diflunisal can be resolved by using zero-crossing first derivative emission spectrofluorimetry, first derivative constant wavelength synchronous luminescence spectrometry and first derivative constant energy synchronous luminescence spectrometry. These methods do not require any previous separation steps. The lowest quantitation limits for both drugs were obtained with first derivative constant wavelength synchronous luminescence spectrometry (0.002 and 0.015 microg ml(-1) for naproxen and diflunisal, respectively). The measurements were performed in 40% methanolic aqueous medium at pH 8.0 provided by adding 0.02 M phosphate buffer solution. The proposed methods were successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of naproxen and diflunisal in pharmaceuticals and human serum samples with high precision and accuracy. Linearity, accuracy, precision, limits of detection, limits of quantitation, and other aspects of analytical validation are included in the text.
naprosyn recommended dosage
Electroacupuncture at Chengshan (BL 57) can reduce the postoperative pain of mixed hemorrhoids.