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Naprosyn (Naproxen)

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Naprosyn is a drug which helps to fight with arthritis, menstrual cramps, tendinitis, bursitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile arthritis, gouty arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and its symptoms (inflammation, fever, pain and other). Naprosyn belongs to the group of drugs called NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Naprosyn works by blocking the action of enzyme called cyclooxygenase resulting in decreased production of prostaglandins (a chemical associated with pain) thereby relieving pain and inflammation.

Other names for this medication:

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Also known as:  Naproxen.


Naprosyn is a drug which helps to fight with arthritis, menstrual cramps, tendinitis, bursitis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile arthritis, gouty arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis and its symptoms (inflammation, fever, pain and other).

Naprosyn belongs to the group of drugs called NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs).

Naprosyn is also known as Aleve, Naprelan, Naprogesic.

Naprosyn works by decreasing hormones caused pain and inflammation.

Naprosyn can't be taken by children under 2 years.


Naprosyn is available in coated tablets (250 mg, 500 mg), extended-release tablets and in liquid forms which should be taken orally.

Extended-release tablets are usually taken once a day.

For arthritis treatment Naprosyn coated tablets and liquid forms should be taken twice a day.

For gouty arthritis treatment Naprosyn tablets and liquid forms should be taken every 8 hours.

It would be better to take Naprosyn with food or milk.

The dosage of Naprosyn depends on the type of your disease and health state.

Tablets should not be crushed or chewed. Swallow the tablet whole.

Naprosyn can't be taken by children under 2 years.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Naprosyn suddenly.


If you overdose Naprosyn and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Naprosyn overdosage: excessive fatigue, heartburn, lightheadedness, confusion, feeling drowsy, problems with breathing, problems with urination, vomiting, pain of stomach, dyspepsia.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Naprosyn are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Naprosyn if you are allergic to Naprosyn components.

Be careful with Naprosyn if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant, or are breast-feeding. Naprosyn can pass into breast milk. Naprosyn can harm your baby.

Do not take Naprosyn before or after heart bypass surgery (CABG).

Be careful with Naprosyn if you are taking blood thinner (such as warfarin (Coumadin)); diuretics (such as furosemide (Lasix)); lithium (such as Lithobid, Eskalith); steroids (such as prednisone); aspirin or other NSAIDs (ketoprofen (such as Orudis), indomethacin (such as Indocin), diclofenac (such as Voltaren), etodolac (such as Lodine), naproxen (such as Naprosyn, Aleve), ibuprofen (such as Motrin, Advil); glyburide (such as DiaBeta, Micronase); cyclosporine (such as Sandimmune, Gengraf, Neoral); ACE inhibitor (enalapril (such as Vasotec), fosinopril (such as Monopril), benazepril (such as Lotensin), quinapril (such as Accupril), captopril (such as Capoten), trandolapril (such as Mavik), lisinopril (such as Zestril, Prinivil), ramipril (such as Altace), moexipril (such as Univasc), perindopril (such as Aceon); methotrexate (such as Trexall, Rheumatrex).

Elderly people should be careful with dosage of Naprosyn.

Be very careful with Naprosyn if you suffer from or have a history of heart, kidney or liver disease, asthma, bowel problems, nose polyps, diverticulosis, stomach ulcers, bleeding, blood clot, high blood pressure, stroke, congestive heart failure.

Avoid smoking while taking Naprosyn.

Avoid consuming alcohol.

Avoid taking aspirin if you are taking Naprosyn.

Protect your skin from the sun.

Be careful with Naprosyn if you are going to have a surgery (dental or other).

Naprosyn can't be taken by children under 2 years.

It can be dangerous to stop Naprosyn taking suddenly.

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Equilibria and release properties of aqueous systems consisting of a set of five non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (AH) complexed with the cationic polymethacrylate Eudragit E 100 (EU) are reported in this study. The composition (EU(AH)(50) (HCl)(50)) having fifty mole percent of each counterion (A(-) and Cl(-)) produces clear, stable aqueous dispersions in which a remarkably high proportion of AH (higher than 98%) is condensed with the PE under the form of ion pairs. This property expands the interval of pH in which AH are aqueous soluble. The set of AH contains members with and without an alpha methyl group (-(CH(3))CH-COOH: Flurbiprofen, Naproxen, Ketoprofen) and (-CH(2)-COOH: Diclofenac, Indomethacin). The proportion of ion pairs in the complexes was lower in the former group. Release of AH from the complexes toward a saline (NaCl 0.9%) solution was assayed in Franz cells. The five complexes behaved as drug carriers that exhibited a slow drug release with a remarkable zero order. In line with the percentages of counterionic condensation observed, release rates from -(CH(3))CH-COOH complexes were clearly higher than those of -CH(2)-COOH ones.

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Sixty-one patients were randomized to receive valdecoxib, 60 to naproxen, and 60 to placebo. Mean (SD) subject age was 68.8 (3.25) years in the valdecoxib group, 68.6 (2.76) years in the naproxen group, and 68.6 (3.14) years in the placebo group (P = NS). In the valdecoxib and naproxen groups, 47.5% and 58.3% of subjects were female, respectively, compared with 56.7% of the placebo group (P = NS). Valdecoxib and placebo were associated with significantly lower incidences of gastroduodenal ulcers than naproxen (1.6% [1 gastroduodenal ulcer/61 patients] and 1.7% [1/59], respectively, vs 22.0% [13/59]; P < 0.001). Compared with naproxen, both valdecoxib and placebo were associated with significantly lower incidences of gastric (1.6% [1/61] and 1.7% [1/59] vs 15.3% [9/59]; both, P < 0.03) and duodenal ulcers (0% [0/61] and 0% [0/59] vs 8.5% [5/59]; both,P < 0.03). In all cases, the incidence of ulcers with valdecoxib was not significantly different from placebo. Results were similar for any erosions/ulcers, and when analyzed by H pylori status. The number of adverse events was low in each group.

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A large group practice that staffs 2 large teaching hospitals.

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NO-NSAIDs are promising anticancer drugs, comprising an NSAID, an NO-releasing moiety, and a spacer linking them. Although the effect of NO-NSAIDs on a wide variety of signaling and other cellular mechanisms has been deciphered, a key question remains unanswered, that being the role of NO to the overall biological effect of these agents. It has been shown that NO can directly modify sulfhydryl residues of proteins through S-nitrosylation and induce apoptosis. We studied 3 NO-NSAIDs having a different NSAID, spacer, and NO-releasing moiety. In vitro: aspirin, NO-ASA, naproxen, and NO-naproxen inhibited HT-29 human colon cancer cell growth, the IC(50)s being >5000, 192±6, 2800±210 and 95±5μM at 24h, respectively. NO-Aspirin and NO-naproxen reduced NF-κB protein levels, and activated caspase-3 enzyme in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Based on the biotin switch assay, NO-ASA and NO-naproxen S-nitrosylated NF-κB p65 in a time-dependent manner. Pretreatment of the cells with carboxy-PTIO, abrogated the S-nitrosylation of NF-κB p65. In vivo: rats treated with NO-ASA, NONO-ASA, and NO-naproxen showed S-nitrosylation of NF-κB p65 in the stomach tissue, increases in plasma TNF-α, and reductions in mucosal PGE(2) levels. These data provide a mechanistic role for NO and a rational for the chemopreventive effects of NO-NSAIDs.

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The disposition of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) nabumetone after a single oral dose administration of nabumetone tablets to humans and minipigs was investigated. Nabumetone is a prodrug, which is metabolized in the organism to the principal pharmacodynamically active metabolite -- 6-methoxy-2-naphthylacetic acid (6-MNA), and some other minor metabolites (carbonyl group reduction products, O-desmethylation products and their conjugates with glucuronic and sulphuric acids). Standards of the above-mentioned metabolites were prepared using simple synthetic procedures and their structures were confirmed by NMR and mass spectrometry. A simple HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of nabumetone, 6-MNA and the other metabolites was developed, validated and used for xenobiochemical and pharmacokinetic studies in humans and minipigs and for distribution studies in minipigs. Naproxen was chosen as the internal standard (I.S.), both UV (for higher concentrations) and fluorescence detection (for very low concentrations) were used. The identity of the nabumetone metabolites in biological samples was confirmed using HPLC-MS experiments. Pharmacokinetics of nabumetone, 6-MNA and 6-HNA (6-hydroxy-2-naphthylacetic acid) in human and minipig plasma was evaluated and compared. The concentration levels of nabumetone metabolites in urine, bile and synovial fluid were also evaluated.

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The aim of this study was to validate a self-administered questionnaire to assess prescription medication use in the 3 months before and during pregnancy.

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A crossover study in 10 RA patients was performed, using either nabumetone or naproxen for two weeks, and, after a washout period of two weeks, the other drug during another two weeks. Platelet aggregation studies were performed and bleeding time was assessed before and after each treatment period.

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Etodolac is not associated with a statistically increased risk of acute myocardial infarction compared to naproxen.

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This example of Simpson's paradox is a significant finding as many drug utilization studies do not distinguish between component populations.

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Hepatic granulomas resulting from Schistosoma mansoni infection contain high levels of prostaglandins (PG) and leukotrienes. The present experimental study was conducted to show the effect of murine S. mansoni infection on PGE2 level in the liver granuloma homogenate and to explore the possibility of using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) namely, ibuprofen (CAS 15687-27-1) and naproxen (CAS 22204-53-1), either alone or in combination with praziquantel (CAS 55268-74-1) to induce regression of hepatic morbidity or to ameliorate the biochemical and histopathological consequences and intensity of infection. Infection with S. mansoni increased the level of alanine amino-transaminase (ALT), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), PGE2, hepatic collagen deposition, antibody titre and circulating schistosomal antigen. The last parameter was reduced significantly by progression of infection in the 11th and 16th weeks. Treatment with praziquantel was found to reduce the number of worms (97%), with complete absence of immature ova and increase in the number of dead ova. Also it reduced all the elevated parameters except PGE2. NSAIDs were found to reduce significantly the level of PGE2 at 9 weeks but not at 11 and 16 weeks post-infection. ALT and GGT were not significantly decreased compared to their corresponding controls. Treatment with ibuprofen or naproxen either alone or in combination with praziquantel or praziquantel alone reduced significantly the granuloma diameters. Collagen deposition and percentage of fibrotic area were significantly decreased compared to infected control but the antibody titre or circulating antigen levels were not affected. Combined therapy of praziquantel with ibuprofen or naproxen improved most of the parameters estimated and maintained the reducing effect on PGE2 at 11 and 16 weeks post-infection. So it can be concluded that in S. mansoni infection treatment with ibuprofen or naproxen is not preferable without treatment of schistosomiasis by using praziquantel.

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Studies have postulated that cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) selective inhibitors affect cardiovascular risk through various mechanisms. Some of these mechanisms could increase risk (for example, inhibition of prostacyclin production), and some could decrease risk (for example, inhibition of inflammation).

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The ultraviolet B (UVB) component of sunlight, which causes DNA damage and inflammation, is the major cause of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), the most prevalent of all cancers. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and coxibs have been shown to be effective chemoprevention agents in multiple preclinical trials, including NMSC, colon, and urinary bladder cancer. NSAIDs, however, cause gastrointestinal irritation, which led to the recent development of nitric oxide (NO) derivatives that may partially ameliorate this toxicity. This study compared the efficacy of several NSAIDs and NO-NSAIDs on UV-induced NMSC in SKH-1 hairless mice and determined whether various short-term biomarkers were predictive of long-term tumor outcome with these agents. Naproxen at 100 (P = 0.05) and 400 ppm (P < 0.01) in the diet reduced tumor multiplicity by 26% and 63%, respectively. The NO-naproxen at slightly lower molar doses shows similar activities. Aspirin at 60 or 750 ppm in the diet reduced tumor multiplicity by 19% and 50%, whereas the equivalent doses (108 and 1,350 ppm) were slightly less effective. Sulindac at 25 and 150 ppm in the diet, doses far below the human equivalent dose was the most potent NSAID with reductions of 50% and 94%, respectively. In testing short-term biomarkers, we found that agents that reduce UV-induced prostaglandin E2 synthesis and/or inhibit UV-induced keratinocyte proliferation yielded long-term tumor efficacy.

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The results show that the dissolution of the investigated solid dispersions is controlled by dissolution of both, API and PVP K25 as they codissolve according to the initial API loading. Moreover, the dissolution of indomethacin and naproxen was improved by decreasing the API loading in polymer (leading to amorphous solid dispersions) and increasing stirring speed, temperature and pH of the dissolution medium. The dissolution of indomethacin and naproxen from their amorphous solid dispersions is mainly controlled by the surface reaction, which implies that indomethacin and naproxen dissolution can be effectively improved by formulation design and by improving their solvation performance.

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To know the evolution of the introduction of generic drugs (GDs) in Galicia. Secondarily, to evaluate its potential impact on pharmaceutical expenditure.

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In this Phase I, single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, healthy volunteers (50-75 years) received enteric-coated LDA 81 mg once daily (QD) on days 1 to 5 (open-label), then enteric-coated LDA 81 mg QD plus either naproxen/esomeprazole magnesium or placebo twice daily (BID) on days 6 to 10 (randomized). Serum thromboxane B(2) (TXB(2)) inhibition from baseline to day 11 was the primary end point. The primary analysis excluded volunteers with ≤95% inhibition at day 6. Assay sensitivity and noninferiority of naproxen/esomeprazole magnesium versus placebo were concluded if the 90% CI lower limit for percent inhibition of TXB(2) was >90.0% in both treatment groups (prespecified criterion). Tolerability was a secondary end point.

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Constricting effect of indomethacin on the ductus arteriosus of the fetus is well known. The fetal effects of other nonsteroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen are not well reported. We report here a case of a 3,790-g term neonate who developed persistent pulmonary hypertension after birth with a closed ductus arteriosus. The mother admitted to taking naproxen sodium immediately prior to the birth of the infant. The course of illness was progressively better on conservative management. Like indomethacin, other NSAIDs can also cause premature closure of fetal ductus arteriosus, pulmonary hypertension, and life-threatening problems to the neonate. Patient education regarding over-the-counter pain medication during pregnancy should be emphasized.

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One hundred patients were enrolled in a single-blind, randomized, parallel group study to compare naproxen gel (10%) with flufenamic acid gel (3%) for the treatment of soft tissue injuries. Demographic variables, the distribution of diagnoses (tendinitis, bursitis/synovitis, synovitis, periarthritis, epicondylitis) and initial severity of the complaint were similar between the two groups. The gels were applied 2 to 6 times per day, as required, and conventional clinical indices were evaluated at Day 1 (on entry to the study), Day 3 and Day 7. Global assessments of efficacy were made by both physicians and patients at the end of the study. By Day 7 both treatments had produced a highly significant improvement in symptoms (p less than 0.001). The patients using naproxen gel, however, improved more rapidly. At Day 3 the number of patients rating 'swelling', 'tenderness to firm palpation' or 'limitation of use' as 'severe' or 'moderate' was significantly less (p less than 0.05) than for patients using flufenamic acid gel. At the end of the study the physician's global efficacy rating showed no significant differences between the two gels; patients, in contrast, showed a significant preference for naproxen gel (p less than 0.05). Both gels were well tolerated. The more rapid onset of effect and patient preference for naproxen gel may be important factors in the choice of medication.

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In conclusion, etoricoxib provided sustained efficacy throughout the 121-week study, with efficacy comparable to naproxen.

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The Alzheimer's Disease Anti-inflammatory Prevention Trial Follow-up Study (ADAPT-FS) was designed to evaluate the efficacy of naproxen and celecoxib for the primary prevention of Alzheimer's disease (AD) several years after cessation of treatment in ADAPT.

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A controlled, randomized, double-blind crossover study, in which the patients acted as their own controls, was carried out to test the efficacy of naproxen 500 mg x 2 versus acetaminophen 1000 mg x 4 for 3 days on the postoperative course following third molar surgery. Acetaminophen reduced the mean swelling on the 3rd postoperative day by 22.4% (p = 0.023) compared to that after naproxen. On the 6th postoperative day, there was 20.9% less mean swelling with naproxen (p = 0.44), although the total swelling measurements were much less than those measured on the 3rd postoperative day. Summed pain intensity (SUMPI3.5-11) on the day of surgery revealed no statistically significant difference between the acetaminophen or naproxen regimen with the exception of 0.5 hours (p = 0.002) and 1 hour (p = 0.009) after first medication when acetaminophen gave less pain than naproxen. Since the drug regimens were different, summed PI for the first acetaminophen dose interval (SUMPI3.5-6) and the first naproxen dose interval (SUMPI3.5-9) was calculated. There was a tendency toward a statistically significant difference in favor of acetaminophen for SUMPI3.5-6 (p = 0.055) but no statistically significant difference (p = 0.41) between the treatments with respect to SUMPI3.5-9. Naproxen was statistically superior (p < or = 0.002) to acetaminophen at 08:00, 12:00, and 16:00 hours on the 1st postoperative day and at 08:00 hours on the 2nd postoperative day, when the pain intensity level was lower than that on the day of surgery. A 3-day acetaminophen regimen reduces acute postoperative swelling better than naproxen on the 3rd postoperative day after third molar surgery but not on the 6th postoperative day when the total swelling is less.

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A rapid and stereospecific capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method to quantify ketoprofen (KTP) enantiomers was developed. The KTP enantiomers and (+)-S-naproxen [(+)-S-NPX] as an internal standard (IS) were extracted with methylene chloride from serum acidified. Recovery of both enantiomers was in the range of 85-91%. The enantiomers were determined using a background electrolyte (BGE), consisting of 0.05 M heptakis 2,3,6-tri-O-methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (TMbetaCD) in a phosphate-triethanolamine buffer, which filled a fused silica capillary of 75 micrometer i.d. The linear range of calibration curves was between 0.25 and 50 mg l(-1), with detection limit of 0.1 mg l(-1) (signal-to-noise baseline ratio (S/N) >4). Intra- and interday precision and accuracy of the calibration curves, expressed by the coefficient of variation (CV), did not exceed 15.0%. The validated method has been successfully applied for pharmacokinetic studies of KTP enantiomers from tablets with rac-KTP in man.

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This review presents information on phytochemicals and pharmacological activities of M. acuminata plant parts. Pharmacological studies support the traditional uses of the plant, and probably validate the uses of M. acuminata by the indigenous people to treat and heal many infections and diseases. Some studies on animal models have been carried out, which also provide evidence of efficacy of the M. acuminata plant as a therapeutic agent. These observations suggest that M. acuminata plant parts possesses pluripharmacological properties, and can be used in designing potent therapeutic agents. However, individual bioactive constituent(s) from different parts of this plant need further investigations to confirm various pharmacological claims, and to explore the potential of M. acuminata in the development of drugs and use in functional foods.

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The aim of the study was the formulation of polyelectrolyte complexes composed of poorly water-soluble acid drugs and basic polymethacrylates by hot-melt extrusion enabling a tailor-made release pattern by the addition of inorganic salts. The influence of different electrolytes was analyzed at varying conditions in order to control drug delivery from the complexes. Poorly water-soluble model drugs naproxen and furosemide were applied in their non-ionic form. After hot-melt extrusion of the naproxen-polymethacrylate powder blend, XRPD and DSC measurements indicated the formation of a single-phase amorphous system. Milled extrudates were stable under storage at long-term and intermediate conditions. Polyelectrolyte complex formation by an acid-base reaction during hot-melt extrusion could be proven by the lack of vibrations of dimethylamino and carboxylic groups by FT-IR and Raman spectroscopy. The complexes did not dissolve in demineralized water. Drug release could be immediately induced by addition of neutral electrolytes. Tailor-made dissolution profiles were realized by controlled electrolyte triggering. Maximal effects were achieved by concentrations of 0.05-0.15 M NaCl. Different anions of alkali halogenides revealed variant magnitudes of the effect depending on the anion radius. Polyelectrolyte complex formation and dissolution principles were also confirmed for furosemide.

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Binary mixtures of naproxen and diflunisal can be resolved by using zero-crossing first derivative emission spectrofluorimetry, first derivative constant wavelength synchronous luminescence spectrometry and first derivative constant energy synchronous luminescence spectrometry. These methods do not require any previous separation steps. The lowest quantitation limits for both drugs were obtained with first derivative constant wavelength synchronous luminescence spectrometry (0.002 and 0.015 microg ml(-1) for naproxen and diflunisal, respectively). The measurements were performed in 40% methanolic aqueous medium at pH 8.0 provided by adding 0.02 M phosphate buffer solution. The proposed methods were successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of naproxen and diflunisal in pharmaceuticals and human serum samples with high precision and accuracy. Linearity, accuracy, precision, limits of detection, limits of quantitation, and other aspects of analytical validation are included in the text.

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Electroacupuncture at Chengshan (BL 57) can reduce the postoperative pain of mixed hemorrhoids.

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naprosyn sodium dosage 2017-07-08

The pharmacokinetic profiles of naproxen in blood and synovial fluid (SF) following topical and i.v. bolus administration in dogs, and the local tissue disposition of the drug following topical and oral administration in rats, were investigated to assess the feasibility of topical delivery of naproxen for local and systemic effects. The naproxen gel in poloxamer 407 (PF-127) was applied on the stifle joint of dogs, and serum and synovial fluid samples were collected. For local tissue disposition studies, the naproxen gel was applied on the dorsal skin in rats, and blood, skin, and muscle samples were taken at 3, 6, and 12 h postdose after removing the residual gel from the skin. Steady state serum concentrations occurred at approximately 20 h after topical doses and lasted for the next approximately 30 h in dogs. Similar SF-serum concentration ratios of naproxen were found between i.v. (0.61 +/- 0.16) and topical (0.55 +/- 0.14) routes of administration. Following the i.v. dose, the half-life of naproxen in SF (approximately 60 h) was buy naprosyn significantly longer than that in serum (approximately 40 h). The bioavailability of naproxen in the topical gel was approximately 2% of the applied dose in dogs. A large accumulation of drug in the epidermis, dermis, and muscle tissue beneath the gel application site was found in rats. Isopropyl myristate (IPM) significantly increased the systemic absorption as well as the concentrations of naproxen in the underlying dermis and muscle tissues, but exerted little effect on the disposition of naproxen in the epidermis.

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A variety of analgesic drugs were tested for their ability to alter the response to noxious stimuli of differing severity in an attempt to develop a procedure to evaluate differences in efficacy of different analgesics. The severity of a noxious stimuli delivered to mice was varied by immersing the mouse tails in water maintained at 45, 50, 55 degrees C. As has been previously observed, the opiate analgesics morphine and nalorphine were active at all temperatures. Pentazocine was active at 45 and 50 degrees C, but not at 55 degrees C. The cyclooxygenase inhibitors tested showed a wide variety of activity. Naproxen was active at all temperatures. Zomepirac was active at 45 and 50 degrees C, but not 55 degrees C. Acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and fenoprofen were active at 45 degrees C, but not at higher temperatures. Aspirin and indomethacin were inactive at all temperatures tested. These results roughly paralleled the differences in the severity of pain for which these analgesics buy naprosyn are effective.

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Self-report daily diaries are not validated measures of medication usage, which could lead to some classification error of medication use. We were also limited in our evaluation of aspirin and naproxen which buy naprosyn were used by few women.

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The syndrome of synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteomyelitis (SAPHO syndrome) includes disorders with common clinical and radiological manifestations. One of these, sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis, is characterized by inflammation and ossification of ligaments, bones and joints in the upper anterior parts of the trunk. The buy naprosyn author reports the case of a 20 year-old female who developed unilateral sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis and complete ankylosis of the second, third and fourth lumbar vertebrae. Prior to onset of musculoskeletal complaints, she experienced a brief episode of dermatitis of the scalp, accompanied by transient alopecia. The condition was controlled by administration of ketoprofen and naproxen.

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are a class of analgesics that includes traditional nonselective and selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors that block the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and thromboxane. Indomethacin is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory buy naprosyn drug with potent antipyretic, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory activity that has been effectively used in the management of mild-to-moderate pain since the mid-1960s. It is commonly prescribed for the relief of acute gouty arthritis pain, but has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of various other painful conditions. Numerous comparative studies have affirmed the clinical utility of indomethacin relative to other widely used analgesics. This review provides an historic overview of indomethacin and its efficacy compared with other commonly used analgesics, and discusses new indomethacin drug products.

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Diacerhein and rhein, in contrast to an NSAID, are potent inhibitors of IL-1beta induced NO production by chondrocytes and buy naprosyn cartilage, without reducing PGE2 production.

naprosyn 750 mg 2016-08-17

Of 410 patients randomized, 383 (93%) had outcome data available for analysis. Two hundred eighty (73%; 95% confidence interval [CI] 68% to 77%) reported headache post-ED discharge and 196 (51%; 95% CI 44% to 58%), including 88 with migraine, took the investigational medication provided to them. The naproxen group improved by a mean of 4.3 NRS points, whereas the buy naprosyn sumatriptan group improved by 4.1 points (95% CI for difference of 0.2 points: -0.7 to 1.1 points). Findings were virtually identical among the migraine subset (4.3 versus 4.2 NRS points; 95% CI for difference of 0.1 points: -1.3 to 1.5 points). Seventy-one percent (95% CI 62% to 80%) of naproxen patients and 75% (95% CI 66% to 84%) of sumatriptan patients would want to take the same medication the next time. Adverse effect profiles were also comparable.

naprosyn medication 2015-04-17

• This study shows the relationship between dose, plasma concentration, pain intensity and dropout for naproxen and naproxcinod. It also extends previous models by using a visual analogue scale for pain intensity instead of modelling pain relief on a categorical scale, and shows the value of including informative dropout in the simulations for buy naprosyn visual predictive checks.

naprosyn gout dosage 2017-10-02

All the patients with chronic migraine as a side-effect of abuse of ergotic buy naprosyn preparations who were referred to neurology out-patients over 18 months.

naprosyn gel 50g 2017-09-11

The authors used quantitative evidence-based reviews published by the Cochrane Collaboration to determine buy naprosyn the relative analgesic efficacy and safety of combining ibuprofen and APAP. They found additional articles by searching the Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed and databases.

medication naprosyn 2017-06-11

The reactive metabolite S-naproxen-beta-1-O-acyl glucuronide was purified from human urine using solid phase extraction (SPE) and preparative HPLC. The structure was confirmed by 600 MHz 1H NMR. Directly coupled 600 MHz HPLC-1H NMR was used to assign the peaks in chromatograms obtained when analysing a sample containing S-naproxen aglycone and the 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-isomers of S-naproxen-beta-1-O-acyl glucuronide in two simple isocratic reversed phase HPLC-systems. Using mobile phase 1 (50 mM formate buffer pH 5.75/acetonitrile 75:25 v/v) the elution order was: 4-O-acyl isomers, beta-1-O-acyl glucuronide, 3-O-acyl isomers, 2-O-acyl isomers, and S-naproxen aglycone. Using mobile phase II (25 mM potassium phosphate pH 7.40/acetonitrile 80:20 v/v) the elution order was: alpha/beta-4-O-acyl isomers, S-naproxen aglycone, beta-1-O-acyl glucuronide, 3-O-acyl isomers, and alpha/beta-2-O-acyl isomers. In both systems the elution order for the 2-, 3- and 4-O-acyl isomers corresponded with previously published results for 2-, 3-, and 4-fluorobenzoic acid glucuronide isomers determined by reversed phase HPLC-1H NMR (U.G. Sidelmann, S.H. Hansen, C. Gavaghan, A.W. Nicholls, H.A.J. Carless, J.C. Lindon, I.D. Wilson, J.K. Nicholson, J. Chromatogr. B Biomed. Appl. 685 (1996) 113- buy naprosyn 122]. The alpha-1-O-acyl isomer was found to be present at approximately 3% of the initial S-naproxen-beta-1-O-acyl glucuronide concentration in the glucuronide isomer mixture after 6 h of incubation at pH 7.40 and 37 degrees C. In both HPLC systems it eluted just before the beta-1-O-acyl glucuronide well separated from other isomers. Investigators should consider the possible formation of a alpha-1-O-acyl isomer when studying glucuronide reactivity and degradation.

naprosyn brand name 2017-10-01

A number of factors can alter the risk of major gastrointestinal complications with NANSAIDs and need to be considered when individual prescribing buy naprosyn decisions are made.

naprosyn generic name 2015-12-29

A simple, precise, reliable, rapid, sensitive buy naprosyn and validated RP-HPLC method has been developed to determine esomeprazole magnesium trihydrate (ESO) and naproxen (NAP) in synthetic mixture form.

naprosyn 300 mg 2016-08-17

In man, nimesulide selectively inhibits cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) with little effect on haemostatic function or gastric prostaglandin formation. It causes significantly less gastrointestinal injury than naproxen, but has anti-inflammatory efficacy similar to that of naproxen and other currently available non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Naproxen suppressed arachidonic-acid-mediated platelet aggregation, reduced serum thromboxane B2 levels by 98% throughout the treatment period and reduced gastric mucosal prostaglandins (PGE2 and 6-keto-PGF1alpha) production by an average of 80%. This contrasts with nimesulide: platelet aggregation was not significantly affected, thromboxane B2 levels were only 29% lower and the gastric mucosal prostaglandins were inhibited in the order of approximately 20%. During Voltaren Y Alcohol the treatment period, both nimesulide and naproxen significantly inhibited COX-2-dependent PGE2 synthesis in the whole blood; however, naproxen had a lesser effect than nimesulide.

naprosyn pain medication 2015-01-24

The effects of diclofenac sodium and naproxen on the gastric mucosa were studied in a double-blind trial by gastroscopy, gastrophotography and histological examination of the mucosa in six healthy volunteers. Detectable lesions were evident in the mucosa of four subjects after administration of both drugs, and the lesions were more extensive after the ingestion of naproxen than after diclofenac sodium in all of these cases. The most serious lesions verified by both gastroscopy and histology always occurred after exposure to naproxen. The histology of the gastric Diovan Pills mucosa of two subjects with severe lesions showed spotty to moderate chronic superficial gastritis, whereas the overall histological appearance of the mucosa was normal in subjects with slight or moderate lesions after drug administration. The maximal acid output was positively correlated with the severity of the lesions. Subjective symptoms occurred in one person during diclofenac sodium and in three during naproxen administration.

naprosyn 325 mg 2017-11-28

The objective of this work was to obtain a fundamental understanding of the factors, specifically the properties of poorly water-soluble drugs and water-soluble carriers, which influence predominantly, the formation of eutectic or monotectic crystalline solid dispersion and their dissolution behavior. A theoretical model was applied on five poorly water-soluble drugs (fenofibrate, flurbiprofen, griseofulvin, naproxen, and ibuprofen) having diverse physicochemical properties and water-soluble carrier (polyethylene glycol (PEG) 8000) for the evaluation of these factors. Of these, two drugs, fenofibrate and flurbiprofen, and PEG of different molecular weights (3350, 8000, and 20000), were chosen as model drugs and carriers for further investigation. Experimental phase diagrams were constructed and dissolution testing was performed to assess the performance of the systems. The theoretical model predicted the formation of eutectic or monotectic solid dispersions of fenofibrate, griseofulvin, ibuprofen, and naproxen with PEG, holding the contribution of specific intermolecular interactions between compound and carrier to zero. In the case of the flurbiprofen-PEG eutectic system, intermolecular interactions between drug and polymer needed to be taken into consideration to predict the experimental phase diagram. The results of the current work suggest that the thermodynamic function of melting point and heat of fusion (as a measure of crystal energy of drug) plays a significant role in the formation of a eutectic system. Lipophilicity of the compound (as represented by cLog P) was also demonstrated to have an effect. Specific interactions between drug and carrier play a significant Strattera 100 Mg role in influencing the eutectic composition. Molar volume of the drug did not seem to have an impact on eutectic formation. The polymer molecular weight appeared to have an impact on the eutectic composition for flurbiprofen, which exhibits specific interactions with PEG, whereas no such impact of polymer molecular weight on eutectic composition was observed for fenofibrate, which does not exhibit specific interactions with PEG. The impact of polymer molecular weight on dissolution of systems where specific drug-polymer interactions are exhibited was also observed. The current work provides valuable insight into factors affecting formation and dissolution of eutectic systems, which can facilitate the rational selection of suitable water-soluble carriers.

naprosyn dose 2015-05-10

Intestinal permeability (all doses) and inflammation (highest dose of the drugs) increased significantly from control levels following naproxen and AZD3582 and there was no significant difference between the drugs. Median ulcer counts were, however, significantly Buy Stromectol 12mg (p < 0.01) lower with AZD3582 (4 +/- 2) than with naproxen (17 +/- 4).

naprosyn 375 mg 2016-02-17

The administration of naproxen resulted in a reduction in bleeding and spotting days compared with placebo Topamax Medication .

naprosyn child dose 2017-03-16

Two simple, rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric methods have been developed for the determination of naproxen in pure, pharmaceutical preparation and human serum samples. These methods are based on the formation of yellow ion-pair complexes between naproxen and two sulfophthalein acid dyes, namely bromocresol green (BCG method) and bromothymol blue (BTB method). The Evista Overdose resulting complexes were measured at 424 nm (BCG method) and at 422 nm (BTB method). The effects of variables such as reagent concentration and reaction time were investigated to optimize the procedure. Beer's law was obeyed in the concentration range of 10-105 µg/mL and 5-85 µg/mL and the detection limits were found to be 0.347 and 0.31 µg/mL for BCG and BTB methods, respectively. The developed methods have been successfully applied for the determination of naproxen in bulk drugs, pharmaceutical formulations and human serum samples with good accuracy and precision. The results are comparable to those of reference methods, and hence are recommended for quality control and routine analysis.

naprosyn prescription dose 2015-11-16

The Arthus reaction is an immunologically induced inflammatory response characterized by immune complex deposition, complement fixation, polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration and tissue damage. Many of these same pathological tissue alterations are found in the lesions of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The similarities between the reversed passive Arthus reaction (RPAR) and RA led us to investigate the usefulness of the RPAR in the search for new antirheumatic agents. The RPAR was elicited in the skin of rats using chicken ovalbumin and the IgG fraction of rabbit anti-ovalbumin. Paramethasone, hydrocortisone, indomethacin, pirprofen, sulfinpyrazone, thalidomide and theophylline all gave significant inhibition of the RPAR. Ibuprofen, naproxen, cyprohepatadine and cromolyn sodium were inactive, while phenylbutazone and ASA exhibited a dose-dependent effect. The Exelon 4 Mg data show that the Arthus reaction, which is the result of the complex interaction of many factors, can be affected either generally or selectively at different time intervals by various therapeutic agents. The RPAR in rats may prove useful in detecting new therapeutic agents for the treatment of RA.

naprosyn dosing information 2015-01-24

To compare the incidence of Prevacid Dosage gastric ulcers with PN 400 [enteric-coated (EC) naproxen 500 mg and immediate-release esomeprazole 20 mg], or EC naproxen.

naprosyn 200 mg 2016-07-27

NIM inhibited IL-1beta-induced COX-2 expression and protein at sub and therapeutic concentrations (0.03-0.3 microg/ml) while the non-specific NSAID, naproxen, did not. Both drugs suppressed PGE2 release by about 95%. NIM had no effect on (1) IL-1beta-induced increases in NF-kappaB or c/EBP signaling, or (2) human COX-2 promoter activity. Stability of induced COX-2 mRNA was unaffected by NIM treatments. Pre-treatment of cells with O(2)radical scavengers (e.g. PDTC) or with Ca(++)channel blockers (e.g. verapamil) had a modest effect on IL-1beta-induced COX-2 expression. NIM blocked ionomycin+thapsigargin and H(2)O(2)-induced increases in COX-2 protein synthesis.

naprosyn dose pediatric 2016-03-05

Six pharmaceuticals of different categories, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen, ketoprofen, naproxen, diclofenac), anti-epileptic (carbamazepine), and anti-microbial (trimethoprim), were investigated in wastewater of the urban areas of Ghaziabad and Lucknow, India. Samples were concentrated by solid phase extraction (SPE) and determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods. The SPE-HPLC method was validated according to the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. All the six drugs were detected in wastewater of Ghaziabad, whereas naproxen was not detected in Lucknow wastewater. Results suggest that levels of these detected drugs were relatively higher in Ghaziabad as compared to those in Lucknow, and diclofenac was the most frequently detected drug in both the study areas. Detection of these drugs in wastewater reflects the importance of wastewater inputs as a source of pharmaceuticals. In terms of the regional distribution of compounds in wastewater of two cities, higher spatial variations (coefficient of variation 112.90-459.44%) were found in the Lucknow wastewater due to poor water exchange ability. In contrast, lower spatial variation (162.38-303.77%) was observed in Ghaziabad. Statistical analysis results suggest that both data were highly skewed, and populations in two study areas were significantly different (p < 0.05). A risk assessment based on the calculated risk quotient (RQ) in six different bioassays (bacteria, duckweed, algae, daphnia, rotifers, and fish) showed that the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) posed high (RQ >1) risk to all the test species. The present study would contribute to the formulation of guidelines for regulation of such emerging pharmaceutical contaminants in the environment.

naprosyn gel europe 2016-10-29

Using microtransducer, the author has studied the uterine contraction in various menstrual phases and during dysmenorrhea, and also the effect of the administration of PG synthetase inhibitors. The results obtained can be summarized as follows: 1) In normal non-gravid uterus, the contraction was 25.6mmHg in amplitude and 19.9/10min. in frequency in the proliferative phase, 12.4 and 28.4 in the early half of secretory phase, 28.3 and 11.5 in the latter half, and 42.3 and 12.9 during menstruation. In other words, while the contractions were the most pronounced during menstruation, no difference was found between proliferative and the latter half of secretory phase, and they were the weakest during the early half of secretory phase with the ripple like small waves. 2) During the proliferative phase, relatively regular contractions were found in various kinds of patients, - that is - , patients with normal menstrual cycles, with organic disorders but without dysmenorrhea, with functional dysmenorrhea, or with organic dysmenorrhea. 3) Compared to other menstrual phases, the contractions were weak in the early half of secretory phase. However, the patients with organic dysmenorrhea had stronger contractions than other patients. 4) In the latter half of secretory phase, the patients with organic disorders or organic dysmenorrhea showed stronger contractions than in those without the organic changes, and the contractions were approximately 55mmHg in amplitude in patients with organic change, -almost twice higher than in patients without organic change. 5) During menstruation, patients with dysmenorrhea, functional or organic, showed contractions with the average amplitude of 87mmHg, -more than twice the height found in the patients without dysmenorrhea. 6) When the amplitude was higher then 140mmHg, all the patients complained of pain. 7) In patients with dysmenorrhea, the administration of PG synthetase inhibitors, such as Indomethacin, Naproxen, etc., caused the reduction of contraction amplitude, resulting in the relief of pain.

naprosyn prices 2017-09-24

This paper proposes for the first time, the use of high nitrogen doped graphene (HND-G) as a new cationic carrier for the enhancement of electromembrane extraction (EME) performance. Sensitivity of EME was improved by the modification of supported liquid membrane composition through the addition of HND-G into 1-octanol for the extraction of naproxen and sodium diclofenac as model acidic drugs. The comparison between HND-G-modified EME and conventional EME showed that HND-G could increase the overall partition coefficient of acidic drugs in the membrane due to the fact that HND-G acts as an ion pair reagent and there is an electrostatic interaction between positively charged HND-G and acidic drugs with negative charge. During the extraction, model acidic drugs migrated from a 10 mL aqueous sample solution (pH 9.6) through a thin layer of 1-octanol containing 0.6% w/v of HND-G that was impregnated in the pores of a hollow fiber, into a 30 μL basic aqueous acceptor solution (pH 12.3) present in the lumen of the hollow fiber. Equilibrium extraction conditions were obtained after 16 min of operation with the whole assembly agitated at 1000 rpm. Under the optimized conditions, the enrichment factors were between 238 and 322 and also the LODs ranged from 0.1 to 0.7 ng/mL in different samples. Finally, the applicability of this method was evaluated by the extraction and determination of drugs of interest in real urine samples.

naprosyn gel 2015-11-25

University-affiliated hospital. Single-center.

naprosyn 500 mg 2017-04-23

In the sumatriptan plus naproxen sodium group, 46% of subjects achieved 24-hour pain relief response (primary endpoint), which was significantly more effective than sumatriptan alone (29%), naproxen sodium alone (25%), or placebo (17%) (P < .001). Two-hour headache response also significantly favored the sumatriptan 50 mg plus naproxen sodium 500 mg therapy (65%) versus sumatriptan (49%), naproxen sodium (46%), or placebo (27%) (P < .001). A similar pattern of between-group differences was observed for 2-hour pain-free response and sustained pain-free response (P < .001). The incidence of headache recurrence up to 24 hours after treatment was lowest in the sumatriptan plus naproxen sodium group (29%) versus sumatriptan alone (41%; P = .048), versus naproxen sodium alone (47%; P= .0035), and versus placebo (38%; P= .08). The incidences of the associated symptoms of migraine were significantly lower at 2 hours following sumatriptan 50 mg plus naproxen sodium 500 mg treatment versus placebo (P < .001). The frequencies and types of adverse events reported did not differ between treatment groups, with dizziness and somnolence being the most common.

naprosyn otc dose 2015-02-11

We investigated the biological and clinical effects of naproxen sodium (NxS) in the short-term prophylaxis of pure menstrual migraine (PMM) in 25 women suffering from migraine without aura, occurring exclusively from 2 days before to 5 days after menstruation onset. Daily oral NxS (550 mg) from 7 days before menstruation to 7 days after menstruation onset was given for 3 menstrual cycles, and 5 days before menstruation to 5 days after menstruation onset over the next 3 menstrual cycles. In the month before initiation of treatment and in the third month of treatment, 6-keto-PGF1(alpha), TXB(2) and PGE(2) were measured in plasma before menstruation (day -2) and on the second day (day +2) after bleeding onset. In the 20 women analysed, 6-keto-PGF1(alpha) was 17% lower (p<0.0001) and TXB(2) was 30% lower (p<0.0001) on day -2 during treatment than the same day pretreatment; TXB(2) was also lower (p<0.02) on day +2 during treatment than day +2 pretreatment. The 6-keto-PGF1(alpha)/TXB(2) ratio was higher (p<0.01) on day -2 treatment than day -2 pretreatment. PGE(2) levels were significantly lower (p<0.002) on day +2 than pre-treatment values on the same day. The number of attacks reduced from 1.7+/-0.11 pretreatment to 1.2+/-0.10 at the 3rd month (p<0.001), to 1.1+/-0.06 at the 6th month (p<0.0001). The duration reduced from 25.6+/-4.42 h pretreatment to 15.5+/-4.43 h in the 3rd month (p<0.02), to 13.35+/-4.26 h in the 6th month (p<0.001). The intensity reduced from 2.4+/-0.11 pretreatment, to 1.2+/-0.10 in the 3rd month of treatment (p<0.0001), and 1.1+/-0.07 in the 6th month (p<0.0001).

naprosyn and alcohol 2016-02-07

While investigating the in-source CID fragmentation of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), it was noticed that the same fragment ion (nominal mass) formed in either positive or negative ion electrospray for a suite of NSAIDs. For example, ibuprofen with a molecular mass of 206, fragments to the m/z 161 ion in negative ion from its deprotonated molecule (m/z 205, [M - H]-) and fragments to the m/z 161 ion in positive ion from its protonated molecule (m/z 207, [M + H]+). This fragment ion was euphemistically called a "twin ion"because of the same nominal mass despite opposite charge. The CID fragmentation of the twin ions was confirmed also by LC/MS/MS ion trap. Accurate mass measurements in negative ion show that the loss was due to CO2 (measured loss of 43.9897 atomic mass units (u) versus calculated loss of 43.9898 u for N = 10) and in positive ion the loss is due to HCOOH (measured loss of 46.0048 u versus calculated loss of 46.0055 u, N = 10). It was realized that, in fact, the ions were not "identical mass twins of opposite charge" but separated in accurate mass by two electrons. The accurate mass measurement by liquid chromatography/time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (LC/TOF-MS) can distinguish between the two fragment ions of ibuprofen (161.13362 +/- 0.00019 and 161.13243 +/- 0.00014 for N = 20). This experiment was repeated for two other NSAIDs, and the mass of an electron was measured as the difference between the twin ions, which was 0.00062 u +/- 14.8% relative standard deviation (N = 20 analyses). Thus, the use of continuous calibration makes it possible to measure the mass of an electron within one significant figure using the NSAID solution. This result shows the importance of including electron mass in accurate mass measurements and the value of a benchmark test for LC/TOF-MS mass accuracy.