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Motilium

Generic Motilium is a medicine that increases the movements or contractions of the stomach and bowel. Generic Motilium is also used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by other drugs used to treat Parkinson's Disease.

Other names for this medication:

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Description

Generic Motilium is a medicine that increases the movements or contractions of the stomach and bowel. Generic Motilium is also used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by other drugs used to treat Parkinson's Disease.

Generic Motilium works by blocking the action of a chemical messenger in the brain which causes the feeling of nausea and vomiting, as well as increasing the movement or contractions of the stomach and intestines, allowing food to move more easily through the stomach.

Motilium is also known as Domperidone, Dombax, Vivadone, Motinorm, Costi.

Generic name of Generic Motilium is Domperidone.

Brand name of Generic Motilium is Motilium.

Dosage

The usual dose in adults is one tablet three to four times a day, best taken 15 to 30 minutes before meals or food, and if necessary at bedtime.

Sometimes your doctor may increase the dose to two tablets three to four times a day after you have taken Generic Motilium for 2 weeks.

You should not take more than a total of eight tablets in a single day.

Generic Motilium can be taken for up to 6 months.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Motilium suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Motilium and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Do not store in the bathroom, near the kitchen sink, or in other damp places. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Motilium are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Motilium if you are allergic to Generic Motilium components.

Do not take Generic Motilium if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Motilium can harm your baby.

Do not take Generic Motilium if you have a tumour of the pituitary gland called prolactinoma; an increase in stomach or bowel contractions can harm you. For example, if you have had bleeding, a blockage or puncture in your gastrointestinal tract.

Do not take Generic Motilium if you are taking another medicine containing the active ingredient such as ketoconazole, fluconazole or voriconazole which is used to treat fungal infections.

Do not take Generic Motilium if you are taking an antibiotic containing the active ingredient erythromycin, clarithromycin or telithromycin.

Do not take Generic Motilium if you are taking another medicine containing the active ingredient amiodarone, which is used to treat fast heart rate.

Do not stop taking Generic Motilium suddenly.

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A dose of domperidone of 20 mg, 3 times daily instead of 10 mg, 3 times daily was associated with a clinical, but not statistically significant, increase in milk production.

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This double-blind and cross-over study was designed to compare the effect of domperidon, metoclopramide and bromopride on esophageal motility. A stimulating effect on lower esophageal sphincter pressure (LESP) was shown after i.v. bolus of all three substances, not after saline (control period). LESP was rised significantly up to 50 min above basal levels. Motility pattern of the esophagus was also stimulated up to 50 min.

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Domperidone increases the volume of breast milk of preterm mothers experiencing lactation failure, without substantially altering the nutrient composition.

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To investigate the possibility of a dose-response relationship for the use of domperidone in treating insufficient milk supply in mothers of preterm infants, and to quantify the exposure of the breastfed infant to domperidone.

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The relationship of gastric emptying of liquid to the extent of fundal gastritis and gastrointestinal symptoms was investigated in a total of 37 subjects comprising healthy controls with no gastrointestinal symptoms and patients with constant gastrointestinal symptoms for at least 1 year. Gastric emptying was measured by the acetaminophen absorption method, and the extent of fundal gastritis was determined by the endoscopic Congo-red test developed at this hospital. Gastric emptying was significantly slower in patients with gastrointestinal symptoms than in healthy subjects. It was also significantly slower in patients with than in those without severe fundal gastritis. Gastrointestinal symptoms were significantly more frequent in patients with delayed gastric emptying. The acute effect of oral administration of domperidone on gastric emptying was examined. A single dose of domperidone (20 mg) significantly increased the rate of gastric emptying.

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The innate immune response acting immediately after initial infection with Leishmania parasites is known to play a relevant role in prevention against clinical progression of the disease. Domperidone is a dopamine D2 receptor antagonist that has shown to enhance the innate cell-mediated immune response. The aim of this study was to assess the preventive efficacy of a domperidone-based treatment programme against clinical canine leishmaniasis (CanL) in a high prevalence area. The study was performed with 90 healthy, seronegative dogs of different sex, age, weight and breed from a single veterinary clinic located in Valencia (Spain). Dogs were randomly allocated into two groups. Dogs in one group (domperidone-treated group; n=44) were administered an oral suspension of domperidone at 0.5 mg/kg bw/day during 30 consecutive days, every 4 months. Dogs in the other group (negative control group; n=46) were left untreated. A 21-month follow-up period was implemented covering two seasonal phases of the sand fly vector. During this period all animals underwent periodic clinical examinations and blood samplings for anti-Leishmania serological testing. Dogs seropositive for Leishmania (IFAT antibody titre≥1:80) plus at least one clinical sign consistent with CanL (indicative of active infection and incipient disease progression) were categorized as a 'prevention failure'. These dogs were withdrawn from the study after confirming the infection by direct observation of the parasite in smears of lymph nodes and/or bone marrow aspirates. The cumulative percentage of 'prevention failure' after 12 months was significantly lower in the domperidone-treated group than in the negative control group (7% versus 35%, p=0.003). Differences between groups persisted after 21 months (11% versus 48%, p<0.001). The prevention rate provided by domperidone was 80% during the first 12 months and 77% throughout the complete 21-month follow-up period, with odds ratios of 7.3 (p=0.001) and 7.15 (p<0.001), respectively, this indicating that the risk for domperidone-treated dogs to develop the clinical disease is quite 7 times lower than for dogs left untreated. The results of this study demonstrate that the implementation of a strategic domperidone-based treatment programme consisting in quarterly repeated 30-day treatments with domperidone effectively reduces the risk to develop clinical CanL in areas with high prevalence of the disease.

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Orexin immunoreactive fibres are abundant in the hypothalamus suggesting a neuroendocrine regulatory role. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) administration of orexin A suppressed plasma prolactin in male rats by 71% at 20 min post-injection and 83% at 90 min post-injection (P < 0.005 vs saline at both time points). To investigate whether this effect was through the tuberoinfundibular dopaminergic (TIDA) system, a supra-maximal dose of domperidone, a dopamine receptor antagonist, was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) prior to ICV injection of orexin A. ICV orexin A significantly suppressed domperidone (9 mg/kg)-stimulated plasma prolactin levels, by up to 40% (i.p. domperidone + ICV orexin A 3 nmol 34.5 +/- 7.4 ng/ml and i.p. domperidone + ICV orexin A 20 nmol 43.5 +/- 4.3 ng/ml, both P < 0.005 vs i.p. domperidone + ICV saline 57.9 +/- 2.7 ng/ml). Orexin A, 100 nM, significantly stimulated release of neurotensin, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, somatostatin, corticotropin releasing factor and luteinizing hormone releasing hormone, but had no effect on release of dopamine, thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH), vasopressin or melanin-concentrating hormone from hypothalamic explants in vitro. Orexin A did not alter basal or TRH stimulated prolactin release in dispersed pituitary cells harvested from male rats. The data suggest that ICV administration of orexin A suppresses plasma prolactin in part through a pathway independent of the dopaminergic system.

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We tested combinations of a GnRH agonist with 2 different dopamine antagonists in L. pipiens in the breeding season. The combination of des-Gly(10), D-Ala(6), Pro-NHEt(9)-GnRH (0.4 micrograms/g body weight; GnRH-A) with metoclopramide hydrochloride (10 micrograms/g body weight; MET) or domperidone (DOM) were equally effective, producing 89% and 88% successful spawning, respectively. This yielded more than 44,000 eggs for the 16/18 females that ovulated in the GnRH-A+MET group, and more than 39,000 eggs for the 15/17 females that ovulated in the GnRH-A+DOM group. We further tested the GnRH-A+MET in frogs collected in the wild in late autumn and hibernated for a short period under laboratory conditions, and report a low spawning success (43%). However, GnRH-A priming 24 hours prior to injections of the GnRH-A+MET cocktail in animals hibernated for 5-6 weeks produced out-of-season spawning (89%) and fertilization (85%) comparable to those we observed for in-season spawning. Assessment of age and weight at metamorphosis indicated that L. pipiens tadpoles resulting from out-of-season spawning grew normally and metamorphosed successfully.

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We investigated the in vitro effect of domperidone-induced hyperprolactinemia on plasma cytokine concentration and blood leukocyte cytokine production in healthy female volunteers. No changes were found in the plasma concentration of interferon (IFN)-gamma, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-6 and IL-13 during hyperprolactinemia when compared with control values. Using unseparated blood leukocytes, we found that the spontaneous production of IL-6 (4-8 h) and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta 1 (2-4 h) was significantly decreased and that the in vitro stimulated production of IFN-gamma (2-8 h) and TNF (4 h) was significantly increased compared with control. Our data concerning the increased IFN-gamma and TNF producing capacity of unseparated leukocytes during pharmacologically induced hyperprolactinemia strongly support the possibility that the lymphocyte production of these cytokines can be rapidly amplified by prolactin via a priming mechanism.

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The present investigation was undertaken with the objective of formulating mouth dissolving film(s) of the antiemetic drug Domperidone to enhance the convenience and compliance by the elderly and pediatric patients. Domperidone is a drug of choice in case of nausea and vomiting produced by chemotherapy, migraine headaches, food poisoning and viral infections. It causes dopamine (D2 and D3) receptor blockage both at the chemoreceptor trigger zone and at the gastric level. It shows high first pass metabolism which results in poor bioavailability (10-15%). In view of high first pass metabolism and short plasma half-life it is an ideal candidate for rapid release drug delivery system. The solid dispersions of Domperidone were prepared with the use β-cyclodextrin in various ratios (1:1, 1:2, 1:3) and solubility study was performed to determine the ratio in which solubility of Domperidone was highest (1:3). The selected solid dispersions were then utilized for the preparation of film by solvent casting method utilizing HPMC E15 as a film forming agent and PEG-400 as plasticizer. Five formulae were prepared and were evaluated for their in vitro dissolution characteristics, in vitro disintegration time, and their physico-mechanical properties. The promising film (F1) showed the greatest drug dissolution (more than 75% within 15 min), satisfactory in vitro disintegration time (45 sec) and physico-mechanical properties that are suitable for mouth dissolving films.

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The main objective of the present study was to develop an orally disintegrating tablet formulation of domperidone and to study the functionality differences of superdisintegrants each obtained from two different sources on the tablet properties.

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The effects of the antihypertensive drug urapidil on the electrically evoked release of [3H]-noradrenaline (NA) in rabbit cortex slices, of [3H]-acetylcholine (ACh) and [3H]-5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in rabbit hippocampus slices, and of [3H]-ACh and [3H]-dopamine (DA) in rabbit caudate nucleus slices were investigated. Urapidil significantly increased basal tritium outflow in slices preincubated with [3H]-NA and showed weak alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonism on the evoked NA-release. The pA2-value of urapidil against the inhibitory effect of the alpha 2-agonist clonidine was about 6.3. In contrast to phentolamine, urapidil exhibited no partial agonistic properties at alpha 2-adrenoceptors in this model when stimulation was performed at low frequency and in the absence of cocaine. Neither the evoked ACh- nor 5-HT-release in hippocampal slices were affected by urapidil in concentrations up to 10 microM, but basal tritium outflow was significantly enhanced from slices preincubated with [3H]-5-HT. In caudate nucleus slices urapidil (greater than 1 microM) significantly facilitated both the evoked ACh- and DA-release, effects which were enhanced by the DA-reuptake inhibitor nomifensine. The effects of the D2-dopamine receptor selective agonist LY 171555 and the D2-receptor antagonist domperidone on the evoked DA-release were reduced by 1 microM urapidil. In addition, urapidil (10 microM) increased basal tritium outflow from slices preincubated with [3H]-DA. It is concluded that the antihypertensive effect of urapidil is not mediated by presynaptic actions affecting NA- or 5-HT-release within the CNS. Whether an increased dopaminergic or cholinergic transmission following the observed enhancement of DA- or ACh-release (due to a weak D2-receptor antagonism) is involved, remains to be further elucidated.

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Acute gastroenteritis (AG) represents both the main cause of acute vomiting in children under 3 years old and a major cause of access to the emergency department. Even if several drugs may be able to reduce the emesis, the pharmacological treatment of vomiting in children remains a controversial issue, and several drugs are prescribed outside their authorized drug label with respect dosage, age, indication, or route of administration and are named as off-label. The aim of present study was to assess the off-label use of antiemetic drugs in patients less than 18 years with vomiting related to AG. This study was carried out in eight pediatric emergency departments in Italy. The following data were obtained crossing the pharmacy distribution records with emergency departments' patient data: sex and age of the patients and detailed information for each drug used (indication, dose, frequency, and route of administration). We recorded that antiemetic drugs were prescribed in every year, particularly in children up to 2 years old, and compared with both literature data and data sheet; 30 % of the administered antiemetics were used off-label. In particular, domperidone was the only antiemetic used labeled for AG treatment in pediatric patients, while metoclopramide and ondansetron have been off-label for both age and indications (i.e., AG treatment).

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A total of 90 mothers of infants ≤ 29 weeks gestation were randomized. Mean milk volumes at entry were similar for both groups. More mothers achieved a 50% increase in milk volume after 14 days in Group A (77.8%) compared with Group B (57.8%), odds ratio = 2.56, 95% confidence interval [1.02, 6.25], p = .04.

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To review data on the relationship between hypertension and nephropathy in diabetes mellitus.

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To present guidelines on the use of apomorphine in combination with rectal domperidone in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients undergoing abdominal surgery and to review the perioperative problems encountered in such patients.

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To describe the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of patients with insulin-treated diabetes and symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis and to assess the impact of domperidone on HRQOL in these patients.

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A sensitive and selective liquid chromatographic method coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed for the quantification of ambroxol in human plasma. Domperidone was used as internal standard, with plasma samples extracted using diethyl ether under basic condition. A centrifuged upper layer was then evaporated and reconstituted with 200 microl methanol. The reconstituted samples were injected into a C(18) XTerra MS column (2.1 x 30 mm) with 3.5 microm particle size. The analytical column lasted for at least 600 injections. The mobile phase was composed of 20 mM ammonium acetate in 90% acetonitrile (pH 8.8), with flow rate at 250 microl/min. The mass spectrometer was operated in positive ion mode using turbo electrospray ionization. Nitrogen was used as the nebulizer, curtain, collision, and auxiliary gases. Using MS/MS with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode, ambroxol was detected without severe interferences from plasma matrix. Ambroxol produced a protonated precursor ion ([M+H](+)) at m/z 379 and a corresponding product ion at m/z 264. And internal standard (domperidone) produced a protonated precursor ion ([M+H](+)) at m/z 426 and a corresponding product ion at m/z 174. Detection of ambroxol in human plasma was accurate and precise, with quantification limit at 0.2 ng/ml. This method has been successfully applied to a study of ambroxol in human specimens.

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To evaluate the attitude, the practice and the knowledge of pediatricians regarding the management of the infant who cries excessively in the first months of life.

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The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of dopamine on gastric antral motility in conscious dogs with gastric fistula, using intraluminal strain-gauge transducers. Infusion of bethanechol increased the motility with regard to both frequency and strength. Dopamine, an endogenous catecholamine, was used alone and in conjunction with selective blockade of adrenergic and dopaminergic receptors. The stimulated antral motility was dose-dependently inhibited by dopamine. The effect was significantly blocked by the peripherally acting dopaminergic blocker domperidone. The alpha-adrenoceptor blocker phentolamine reduced the effect of dopamine to some extent, but the reduction was not of statistical significance. The dopamine-inhibited motility was not altered by the beta 1-adrenoceptor blocker practolol or the beta 1 + beta 2-adrenoceptor blocker propranolol. This indicates that dopamine acts on gastric antral motility predominantly through dopaminergic receptors. beta-Adrenergic receptors, which are active in the impairment of gastric acid secretion, do not seem to be involved in the motility response. Dose-response investigations with five increasing doses of bethanechol and one dose of dopamine showed inhibition of a non-competitive type.

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buy motilium usa 2016-01-26

We describe a patient who suffered from ophthalmic trigeminal neuralgia as an isolated symptom of a noninvasive pituitary tumor. Bromocriptine appeared to provoke the attacks within hours. This provocation could be prevented by domperidone. After adenomectomy, both spontaneous and induced attacks disappeared. Acute transient cell swelling may be the mechanism by which bromocriptine induced the neuralgic attacks buy motilium .

motilium 10mg dose 2015-06-04

The objective of the study was to compare the efficacy and tolerability of seven drugs frequently used for the prevention of seasickness: the drugs were namely cinnarizine, cinnarizine with domperidone, cyclizine, dimenhydrinate with caffeine, ginger root, meclozine with caffeine, and scopolamine. The design was a randomized, double-blind study with two arms. On ethical grounds, a placebo group was not included as in a previous study, in the same setting, 80% of the passengers not receiving prophylactic drugs were seasick. The setting was in Andenes (Norway) during a time period from July to September 1992. Subjects were 1741 tourist volunteers who were joining a whale safari. The main outcome measures buy motilium were vomiting, malaise (modified Graybiel criteria), and subjective reports of adverse events. Follow up was possible in 1489 volunteers (85.5%). In each active treatment group, 4.1-10.2% experienced vomiting and 16.4-23.5% experienced malaise (not significant). Equally, there was no significant difference in the incidence and characteristics of adverse events reported in the various medication groups. Scopolamine Transdermal Therapeutic System (TTS) users exhibited slightly more visual problems and the agent tended to be less effective. Six of the seven medications may be recommended for prevention of seasickness; scopolamine TTS seems the least attractive.

motilium domperidone dosage 2015-07-14

Early oral feeding does not significantly increase postoperative complications; however, buy motilium is associated with earlier regular diet intake. Apparently, domperidone does not enhance postoperative gastrointestinal function.

motilium to buy 2015-07-28

Multicentre, double-blind randomized controlled trial conducted in paediatric EDs. Children aged from 1 to 6 years who vomiting, with a presumptive clinical diagnosis of AG, and without severe dehydration will be included. After the failure of a initial ORS administration in ED, eligible children will be randomized to receive: 1) ondansetron syrup (0,15 mg/Kg of body weight); 2) domperidone syrup (0,5 mg/Kg of body weight); 3) placebo. The main study outcome will be the percentage of patients needing nasogastric or IVT after symptomatic oral treatment failure buy motilium , defined as vomiting or fluid refusal after a second attempt of ORT. Data relative to study outcomes will be collected at 30 minute intervals for a minimum of 6 hours. A telephone follow up call will be made 48 hours after discharge. A total number of 540 children (i.e. 180 patients in each arm) will be enrolled.

order motilium online 2016-04-06

1. The effects of chlorpromazine, haloperidol, metoclopramide and domperidone on buy motilium the release of prolactin from perfused columns of dispersed rat anterior pituitary cells were studied. 2. Chlorpromazine, haloperidol, metoclopramide and domperidone antagonized the dopamine-mediated inhibition of prolactin release at low concentrations. 3. Each dopamine antagonist displaced the dose-response curve for dopamine-induced suppression of prolactin release to the right in a parallel manner. 4. At higher concentrations, the four drugs became less effective as dopamine antagonists. 5. At high concentrations in the absence of dopamine, chlorpromazine, haloperidol, metoclopramide and domperidone paradoxically suppressed prolactin secretion by an unknown mechanism.

motilium tablet 2017-05-18

Clinical symptom scores combined with real-time ultrasonography is effective in evaluating the therapeutic effect of domperidone in patients with functional dyspepsia. The therapeutic effect of domperidone in these patients was associated with polymorphism of dopamine buy motilium D2 receptor TaqI gene.

motilium online pharmacy 2015-10-16

ECG was performed in children <2 years of age before and after taking domperidone orally 0.3 mg/kg three times/day for at least a 1 week period. Each ECG was reviewed and QT, RR, and Tpeak to Tend intervals (TpTe) were measured to calculate the QTc and TpTe/QT buy motilium ratio.

motilium m dosage 2015-07-02

The role of dopamine (DA) input on the activity of glutamate neurons was investigated on rat striatal and cortical tissue using the measurement of sodium-dependent high affinity glutamate uptake (HAGU) as an index. Incubation of the tissue in the presence of DA, apomorphine or bromocriptine produced marked inhibition of 3H-glutamate uptake from rat striatal homogenates. No change occurred with samples from the frontal cortex. Dopaminergic inhibition buy motilium of HAGU in striatal homogenates was shown to be reversed in the presence of haloperidol or domperidone which act by blocking dopaminergic receptor sites. These results are consistent with the existence of an inhibitory control of the neuronal activity of the glutamatergic neurons in the striatum by the nigro-striatal dopaminergic input. The effects could be due to the activation of D2-like DA receptors located at pre-synaptic levels on cortico-striatal glutamatergic nerve endings.

motilium purchase online 2015-11-13

TWK showed significant effects in improving clinical symptoms of patients, increasing gastric emptying rate, promoting gastrointestinal kinetics, shortening gastric emptying time and was beneficial to the control of blood sugar, including the 2 h post-prandial blood sugar and fructosamine. The curative rate and total effective rate in the treated group were 63.33% (19/30) and 93.33% (29/30) respectively, significantly different to those buy motilium in the control group 26.67% (8/30) and 63.33%, also different to those in the blank group 23.33% (3/ 30) and 10.00%, respectively (P < 0.01). The clinical efficacy in the treated group was superior to that in the other two groups.

motilium uk buy 2017-10-07

A convenient high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed for the rapid assay of granisetron (GRN) in biological fluids, such as serum, urine, and pleural effusion, from cancer patients. Extrelut-1 was used for the solid-phase buy motilium extraction. HPLC was carried out using a LiChroCART cartridge column packed with Lichrospher 100 CN and a mobile phase consisting of 0.1 M acetate buffer (pH 3.5) and acetonitrile (7:3). A fluorescence detector of 290 nm for excitation and 365 nm for emission was used. The standard curve was linear over the range of 2 to 100 ng/ml of GRN. Assay precision, expressed as a coefficient of variation (C.V.), was in the range of 0.9-5.4% in the within-day assay and 2.5-6.9% in the between-day assay, respectively. GRN was well separated on the HPLC chromatogram from drugs such as etoposide, metclopramide, ondansetron, and domperidone which are often used together with GRN. It was suggested that the present method is useful for the rapid monitoring of GRN in the serum, urine, and pleural effusion of patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy.

motilium liquid dosage 2017-04-15

It has been reported that some dopamine antagonists can suppress the intraocular pressure and can increase the blood flow in the retina and choroid buy motilium . Therefore, several dopamine antagonists and agonists were studied to determine if they can increase the ocular pulsatile blood flow in ocular hypertensive rabbits with the intraocular pressure raised artificially to 40 mm Hg. It was found that numerous dopamine antagonists including loxapine, moperone, domperidone, haloperidol and metoclopramide increased pulsatile blood flow for 49-110%, 95-155%, 72-86%, 60-114%, and 39-139%, respectively. Floropipamide reduced the ocular pulsatile blood flow for 18% at 90 min and 10% at 120 min. Chlofluperol produced biphasic action on pulsatile blood flow by significantly reducing it initially at 60 min (-49%) and then markedly increasing it at 180 min (91%). In case of dopamine agonists, neither dopamine nor bromocriptine affected the pulsatile blood flow significantly. These results indicate that some of dopamine antagonists could be used to lower the intraocular pressure and to increase the ocular pulsatile blood flow as well.

motilium tablets 2016-03-17

Of 22 previously reported patients with TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas challenged with dopamine agonists, 18 showed no decrease in serum TSH. There have been few in-vitro studies of these rare tumours so the mechanism of the dopaminergic resistance has remained obscure. We describe two further patients with thyrotrophinomas; the first was thyrotoxic (T3 6.1 nmol/l, TSH 7 mU/l) and the second was diagnosed after radioiodine for presumed Graves' disease. The second patient had an alpha-subunit: TSH molar ratio less than unity (0.27). In-vivo TSH responses to TRH, bromocriptine and domperidone were compared with those of the buy motilium resected tumour cells in vitro, the latter studied using a continuous perifusion system. Dopamine receptors were sought in membranes from each tumour using a radioreceptor assay employing 3H-spiperone. Patient 1 showed significant increases in serum TSH (7 to 13 mU/l) and alpha-subunit (18.7 to 385 ng/ml) after 200 micrograms TRH (i.v.) but patient 2 showed no such increases (TSH: 69 to 72 mU/l, alpha-subunit: 4.9 to 5.2 ng/ml). Neither patient showed a change in serum TSH following bromocriptine 2.5 mg (orally) or domperidone 10 mg (i.v.), though serum PRL responded normally. Serum TSH from patient 1 was of apparently normal molecular size but increased bioactivity (B/I ratio 3.8) and that from patient 2 was of increased molecular size but reduced bioactivity (B/I ratio 0.1). Tumour cells from each patient immunostained for TSH beta and alpha-subunit, and secreted TSH in vitro. The first showed dose-dependent TSH release after TRH (1-100 ng/ml) which could not be inhibited by dopamine (5 mumol/l) but the second was unresponsive to TRH in vitro. Neither tumour showed inhibition of TSH release by dopamine (5 mumol/l) or bromocriptine (0.01-10 nmol/l) and neither contained membrane-bound dopamine receptors. The results suggest that the dopaminergic resistance typical of most TSH-secreting pituitary adenomas may be due to altered or absent membrane-bound dopamine receptors.

motilium v dose 2016-07-10

This observational and interventional study includes 281 patients, and 44 asymptomatic controls. Evaluations included symptoms, physical signs, CTT, faecal loading Coumadin 80 Mg , barium enema, endoscopy, sonography, anal manometry and biochemistry. Interventions included a low-fat, high-fiber diet, cisapride or domperidone, and exercise for a mean of 21.6 months.

motilium 40 mg 2015-06-02

Apomorphine injectable has been used in Europe for more than a decade as a rescue therapy for intractable "off" periods in Parkinson's disease (PD). Some studies were performed as early as the 1970's. This article reviews double-blind and open studies with apomorphine for PD prior to the year 2000. Most were performed in Europe. Double-blind studies with injection doses of 1-5 mg have demonstrated that onset of clinical Zetia Generic Launch benefit typically occurs within 10 minutes, and lasts for up to two hours. The magnitude of benefit rivals that of levodopa. Long-term, open-label studies have demonstrated the persistent response to apomorphine injectable as a rescue therapy for as long as five years. Duration of benefit and dose of a single injection remains the same, but a need for increased number of doses per day is reported in keeping with disease progression. For many patients, the need for concomitant domperidone administration for antiemesis wanes over time. Apomorphine has also been shown in smaller studies to be effective for a variety of non-motor "off" phenomena, including pain, panic attacks, and a variety of gastrointestinal symptoms. Subutaneous intermittent bolus injects are also useful in patients post operatively who are unable to take oral medications.

motilium syrup 2017-02-14

In order to delineate more accurately the dopaminergic control of anterior pituitary function in normal subjects and in patients with pathological hyperprolactinemia, we investigated the nature of the circadian variation in the dopaminergic inhibition of TSH release in such subjects. Ten euthyroid women with hyperprolactinemia due to presumed PRL-secreting microadenomas (aged 18-60 yr) were compared with 11 normal, euthyroid women (aged 18-32 yr). Each received the dopamine receptor blocking drug domperidone (10 mg, iv) at 1100 and 2300 h (tests randomized and separated by at least 1 week). Blood was sampled 10, 20, 30, 45, and 60 min after drug administration. Normal women had a greater TSH response to domperidone and, hence, greater dopaminergic inhibition of TSH release at 2300 than at 1100 h (sum of TSH increments; mU/liter mean +/- SE, 8.5 +/- 1.3 vs. 4 Periactin Recommended Dosage .8 +/- 0.5, P less than 0.01), whereas there was no difference in the dopaminergic inhibition of PRL release at each time of day. Hyperprolactinemic women also had a significantly greater TSH response to domperidone at 2300 than at 1100 h (42.0 +/- 10.2 vs. 19.1 +/- 2.8, P less than 0.001). The hyperprolactinemic women had a greater TSH response to domperidone than normal women at each time of day studied (1100 h, 19.1 +/- 2.8 vs. 4.8 +/- 0.5, P less than 0.001; 2300 h, 42.0 +/- 10.2 vs. 8.5 +/- 1.3, P less than 0.001). The incremental PRL responses to domperidone were significantly less in hyperprolactinemic than in normal women and did not differ at each time of day. In conclusion, the circadian change in the dopaminergic inhibition of TSH secretion is specific for TSH and not PRL. This indicates that the dopaminergic control of TSH and PRL secretion can be dissociated in normal subjects. Second, hyperprolactinemic women with presumed PRL-secreting microadenomas had qualitatively normal but quantitatively exaggerated circadian pattern of dopaminergic inhibition of TSH release. These data argue against a hypothalamic dopaminergic defect in hyperprolactinemia and support the view that the established dopaminergic defect in the inhibition of PRL release is related specifically to PRL control and may well be at the anterior pituitary level.

motilium janssen syrup 2015-12-10

The actions of rac. 3,5-cis-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-3-methylamino-1-benzoxepine-5-ol hydrochloride (prop. INN exepanol-HCl, KC 2450), metoclopramide and domperidone on Effexor 150 Mg the resting pressure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) were studied in anesthetized and conscious beagle dogs using pull-through manometrical methods. Exepanol-HCl proved to enhance the LES pressure (LESP) significantly both in anesthetized and conscious dogs. The action of domperidone which was used as reference compound in the anesthetized dog experiments was less pronounced. In conscious dogs the actions of exepanol-HCl and metoclopramide were comparable. Domperidone was not active in this test.

motilium domperidone medicine 2016-05-08

The study was aimed at in vivo pharmacological identification of the possible dopamine (DA) receptor(s) involved in changes of the DA level in rat adrenal glands. Previous work in this laboratory has shown that the DA level is largely controlled by the rate of catecholamine synthesis. The rats were killed by decapitation after various periods of drug administration and the catecholamine content of adrenal glands and forebrain was measured by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection. Administration of the DA D-1 + D Asacol Enema Dose -2 receptor agonist, apomorphine, induced a statistically significant increase in DA levels in the adrenal glands. The same effect was noted after administration of the DA D-2 receptor agonist, quinpirole. The DA D-2 receptor antagonist, raclopride, blocked the apomorphine-induced increase in adrenal DA levels but had no effect per se on these levels. The DA D-1 receptor agonist, SKF 38393, and the DA D-1 receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, did not have any effect on apomorphine-induced changes in DA content in the adrenals. The DA elevating effect of the DA D-2 receptor agonist, quinpirole, in the adrenals was completely blocked by the DA D-2 receptor antagonist, domperidone. This compound does not cross the blood-brain barrier readily and is thus supposed to act mainly on peripheral tissues. In support of this, the dose of domperidone used did not affect brain DOPAC levels. Our data, together with observations reported in the literature, indicate that the adrenal medulla contains DA receptors of the D-2 subtype, which are capable of controlling the DA level in rat adrenal glands.

motilium lactation dosage 2016-01-24

Domperidone is a new potent anti-emetic drug which, in contrast with metoclopramide, does not cross the blood brain barrier. The aim of the present study was to find out whether peripheral dopaminergic blockage by domperidone causes prolactin release, and if so, whether this prolactin release persists during longer-term treatment. For comparison, metoclopramide, which blocks both peripheral and central dopamine receptors, was studied using a cross-over trial design. After acute oral administration of both drugs, prolactin Omnicef Elixir Dosage levels increased 10-fold. After further treatment with metoclopramide the prolactin levels were further increased to 15-fold, but after prolonged administration of domperidone a decrease to a plasma level 6-fold higher than basal was observed. The clincial implications of these findings are discussed.

medicine motilium 10mg 2015-03-07

Flunarizine is widely used in the prophylaxis of migraine. It is both a calcium blocker and a histamine antagonist at H1-receptors and either of these effects could alter hormonal secretion. The effect of administration of flunarizine to 8 women with common migraine on pituitary secretion has been studied. The dopamine antagonist domperidone (10 mg) and gonadotropin releasing hormone (100 micrograms) were injected iv before and after one month of flunarizine therapy (10 mg orally at bedtime). The basal prolactin level was significantly increased by the drug, and the peak induced by domperidone stimulation was reduced. Basal TSH concentrations were not affected, but the increase after domperidone was blunted. After 90 days of therapy there were no significant differences from the baseline concentration. Neither basal nor gonadotropin releasing hormone-stimulated secretion of FSH and LH were affected by flunarizine. Twelve healthy men were given placebo and flunarizine (10 mg Nolvadex Gyno Dosage at bedtime) for 5 days in single-blind fashion. Flunarizine caused a significant increase in prolactin and TSH with no effect on basal gonadotropin and thyroid hormone levels. These results can be accounted for by the calcium blocking effect of the drug, although weak interference with dopaminergic transmission is a further possibility explanation.

motilium 80 mg 2015-08-14

Gastric emptying of the fed guinea-pig was measured using a non-invasive X-ray fluoroscopic technique to determine passage from the stomach of polystyrene-coated barium sulphate Viagra Pill Costume spheroids. Peripherally administered metoclopramide (0.1-10 mg/kg i.p.), clebopride (1-10 mg/kg i.p.), (-)-sulpiride (40 mg/kg i.p.), haloperidol (1 mg/kg i.p.) and domperidone (1-10 mg/kg i.p.) failed to modify gastric emptying. Stress inhibited emptying, and this was considered to explain the effects of eserine and high dose metoclopramide. Gastric emptying was decreased by peripherally administered atropine (0.5 mg/kg i.p.) and apomorphine (0.1-0.5 mg/kg s.c.); the apomorphine response was antagonised by pretreatment with haloperidol, domperidone, (-)-sulpiride, metoclopramide and clebopride but not by prazosin + propranolol. Gastric emptying was facilitated by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administrations of metoclopramide and clebopride (40, 100 and 200 micrograms) but not by i.c.v. domperidone, haloperidol, fluphenazine or (-)-sulpiride (100, 200 micrograms) and was inhibited by i.c.v. apomorphine (100, 200 micrograms); the response to i.c.v. apomorphine was antagonised by i.c.v. pretreatments with haloperidol, domperidone, (-)-sulpiride, metoclopramide and clebopride (40-50 micrograms). Facilitation of emptying by i.c.v. metoclopramide was prevented by peripheral pretreatment with atropine (0.5 mg/kg i.p.). It is concluded that the actions of apomorphine and metoclopramide/clebopride to respectively inhibit and facilitate gastric emptying may be mediated, at least in part, via central mechanisms. Whilst apomorphine's action may be mediated via dopamine receptor mechanisms, metoclopramide and clebopride act at additional unspecified sites, metoclopramide's action being expressed via cholinergic mechanisms.

motilium generic 2017-05-01

Seventeen hyperprolactinemic patients aged from 24 to 58 years, with suspected pituitary adenoma, were studied. For diagnostic purposes, NOM and DOM tests were carried out, and also hypocycloidal tomography of the sella. In all cases in which the DOM test suggested the existence of a prolactinoma, the NOM test gave results in agreement with the former Ponstel 250 Mg , except in one case. Hypocloidal tomography, although confirming the possibility of false negative (2 cases out of 17) or false positive results (1 case out of 17), demonstrated its diagnostic validity, although it was less sensitive than the biological tests.

motilium cost 2015-03-19

40 patients were examined with GERD and type 1 diabetes and 50 patients with GERD and type 2 diabetes. Each group of patients with GERD, DM 1 and 2 has been divided into: the basic subgroup receiving IG 50 mg 3 tid and control--DP 10 mg tid. Patients were also administered omeprazole. Both subgroups were strictly randomized to key indicators, except for therapy. Baseline and after 2 and 4 weeks, all patients were examined to identify complaints, endoscopy and pH-metric changes, gastric motility was studied by electrogastroenterographic method (PEGEG).

motilium buy canada 2016-12-21

Acute emetic responses to seven cancer chemotherapeutic agents (adriamycin, bleomycin, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, 5-fluorouracil, methotrexate, mitomycin C) were studied in the Suncus murinus. Intravenous injection of the drugs caused vomiting with various latency. Cisplatin-induced emesis was prevented by the pretreatment with metoclopramide or chlorpromazine but not with domperidone. These results indicate that the Suncus murinus is a useful animal for testing emetic activities of cancer chemotherapeutics and antiemetic activities of prophylactic drugs.

buy motilium boots 2017-08-08

Our review will focus on treatment options for GP and SIBO with motilin agonists, dopamine receptor antagonists, Ghrelin agonists muscarinic agonists, 5-HT4 receptor agonists, antibiotics, probiotics and herbal formulation such as iberogast. Constipation occurs in the majority of patients with PD and fortunately many treatments are now available. Our review is based on original papers or reviews selected from PUBMED search and Cochrane reviews.

motilium dose ped 2017-09-24

The goal of this study was to develop a new approach to study the pharmacology of the dopamine D(4) receptor that could be used in comparative studies with dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptors. Stable HEK-293 cell lines co-expressing recombinant human D(2L), D(3) or D(4) receptors along with Galpha(qo5) cDNA were prepared. Dopamine induced a robust, transient calcium signal in these cell lines with EC(50)s for D(2L), D(3) and D(4) of 18.0, 11.9 and 2.2 nM, respectively. Reported D(4)-selective agonists CP226269 and PD168077 were potent, partial D(4) agonists exhibiting 31-1700-fold selectivity for D(4) over D(3) or D(2). Non-selective D(2)-like agonists apomorphine and quinpirole showed full efficacy but did not discriminate across the three receptors. D(3)-selective agonists 7-hydroxy-DPAT and PD128907 were potent but non-selective D(2)-like agonists. The reported D(3) partial agonist BP-897 exhibited minimal agonist activity at D(3) but was a potent D(3) antagonist and a partial D(4) agonist. Other D(2)-like antagonists, haloperidol, clozapine, and domperidone showed concentration-dependent inhibition of dopamine responses at all three receptors with K(i) ranging from 0.05 to 48.3 nM. The D(3) selective antagonist S33084 and D(4)-selective antagonist L-745870 were highly selective for D(3) and D(4) receptors with K(b) of 0.7 and 0.1 nM, respectively. Stable co-expression of D(2)-like receptors with chimeric Galpha(qo5) proteins in HEK-293 cells is an efficient method to study receptor activation in a common cellular background and an efficient method for direct comparison of ligand affinity and efficacy across human D(2L), D(3) and D(4) receptors.

motilium alcohol 2015-08-24

Dopamine D3 receptors (Sokoloff et al., 1990) have been shown to be related to dopamine D2 receptors and have been suggested to play a role in mediating the antipsychotic effects of neuroleptics. So far studies on the expression of D3 mRNA and of binding sites with pharmacological characteristics of D3 receptors have been restricted to rat brain. Using in situ hybridization histochemistry, we demonstrate that D3 mRNAs are enriched in human n, accumbens and in the islands of Calleja. In addition, D3 mRNA was detected at very low levels in anterior caudate and putamen with a rostro-caudally decreasing gradient and in hypothalamic mammillary nuclei. In receptor autoradiographic binding studies, the islands of Calleja were found to be labeled by [125I]iodosulpride and [3H]CV 205 502 but not by [3H]raclopride and [3H]YM 09151-2. Pharmacological analysis of binding of the D2/D3 ligand [3H]CV 205 502 in n. accumbens and caudate-putamen is consistent with the presence of D3 receptor sites in ventral striatum. Overall distribution and pharmacology of D3 sites in human and rat brain appear to be similar. Presence and distribution of D3 receptors in human brain are compatible with the notion that D3 receptors might be involved in mediating the clinical effects of antipsychotics.

motilium drug interactions 2016-05-16

The mouse mdr1a (also called mdr3) P-GP is abundant in the blood-brain barrier, and its absence in mdr1a (-/-) mice leads to highly increased levels of the drugs ivermectin, vinblastine, digoxin, and cyclosporin A in the brain. We show here that the drugs loperamide, domperidone, and ondansetron are transported substrates for the mouse mdr1a P-GP and its human homologue MDR1. Phenytoin is a relatively weaker substrate for each, and the drugs haloperidol, clozapine, and flunitrazepam are transported hardly or not at all. Tissue distribution studies demonstrated that the relative brain penetration of radiolabeled ondansetron and loperamide (and their metabolites) is increased four- and sevenfold, respectively, in mdr1a (-/-) mice. A pilot toxicity study with oral loperamide showed that this peripherally acting antidiarrheal agent gains potent opiatelike activity in the central nervous system of mdr1a (-/-) mice. mdr1a (-/-) mice also showed increased sensitivity to neurolepticlike side effects of oral domperidone. These results point to the possible role that the drug-transporting P-GP(s) may play in the clinical use of many drugs, especially those with potential targets in the central nervous system.

motilium syrup children 2017-07-16

A novel series of benzamides with a hexahydro-1,4-diazepine or hexahydroazepine ring in the amine moiety were prepared, and their binding affinities for 5-HT3 and dopamine D2 receptors were evaluated. The R isomer of the 1-ethyl-4-methylhexahydro-1,4-diazepinylbenzamide (R)-22 had potent affinity for both receptors. The R-enantiomer of the corresponding 1-ethylhexahydroazepinylbenzamide 28 showed potent affinity for dopamine D2 receptors with reduced affinity for 5-HT3 receptors, while the S isomer was found to be a potent and selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist.

medicine motilium m 2015-11-30

Retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRα), an important ligand-dependent transcription factor, plays a critical role in the development of various cancers and metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases. Therefore, RXRα represents one of the most important targets in modern drug discovery. In this study, Drugbank 2.0 with 1280 old drugs were virtually screened by Glide according to the crystal structure of ligand-binding domain (LBP) of RXRα. 15 compounds selected were tested for their binding and transcriptional activity toward RXRα by Biacore and reporter gene assay, respectively. The identified new scafford ligand of RXRα, Pitavastatin (1), was chemically optimized. Our results demonstrated that statin compounds Pitavastatin (1) and Fluvastatin (4) could bind to the LBP of RXRα (KD=13.30μM and 11.04μM, respectively) and serve as transcriptional antagonists of RXRα. On the contrary, compound (12) (domperidone) and (13) (rosiglitazone maleate) could bind to the LBP of RXRα (KD=8.80μM and 15.01μM, respectively) but serve as transcriptional agonists of RXRα.

motilium tablets breastfeeding 2015-06-11

Eighteen patients received repeated administrations of cisplatin in relatively large amounts (55-75-100 mg/m2) given systemically by drop infusion. As antiemetic treatments, the following were scheduled: on the day before; prednisolone 30mg (3 X p.o.), immediately before; methylprednisolone 500mg (i.v.), and 3 hours after administration of cisplatin ; methylprednisolone 500mg (i.v.) and domperidone 60 mg (suppo.). Domperidone was given twice a day for one week. Nausea, vomiting and anorexia were studied objectively for two weeks. At a dose of 75 mg/m2 of cisplatin, the occurrence and the duration of nausea and vomiting were effectively reduced by the regimen; nausea was observed in 67% of all cases (average duration: 3.3 days) and vomiting was experienced in 40% (1.2 days). Anorexia was observed in 67% of cases and lasted longer (5.2 days). The severity and duration of these side effects of nausea, vomiting and anorexia seemed to appear in a manner related to the dose of cisplatin given, but even at a dose of 100 mg/m2, the regimen described above reduced the patients' discomfort to acceptable levels. No remarkable side effect of this anti-emetic regimen was evident.