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Imdur (Isosorbide Mononitrate)
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Imdur

Generic Imdur is an effective medication which helps in the treatment of angina attacks. Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Nitrostat, Nitro-Bid, NitroQuick, Nitro-Dur, Isordil, Ranexa

 

Also known as:  Isosorbide Mononitrate.

Description

Generic Imdur is a perfect remedy, which helps to treat angina attacks.

Generic Imdur acts as nitrates.

Imdur is also known as Isosorbide Mononitrate.

Generic name of Generic Imdur is Isosorbide Mononitrate.

Brand names of Generic Imdur are Imdur, ISMO, Monoket.

Dosage

Take Generic Imdur tablets orally with or without food.

Do not crush or chew it.

Take Generic Imdur at the same time with water.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Generic Imdur and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Generic Imdur are difficult or slow breathing, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, high temperature, fainting, abnormal heartbeat, changes in vision, flushing, convulsions, severe throbbing migraine, lightheadedness.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Imdur are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Generic Imdur if you are allergic to Generic Imdur components.

Do not take Generic Imdur if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby.

Do not use potassium supplements or salt substitutes.

Be careful using Generic Imdur if you take dihydroergotamine (D.H.E. 45); or any other heart medicines, especially those used to treat high blood pressure or irregular heartbeats.

Be careful using Generic Imdur if you suffer from or have a history of congestive heart failure, have low blood pressure; a stroke, a transient ischemic attack (TIA, or mini-stroke), have anemia; have an allergy to nitrates; have closed-angle glaucoma; migraines, kidney disease; liver disease, heart attack, a serious head injury.

If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.

Be very careful when you are driving machine.

Do not stop taking Generic Imdur suddenly.

imdur drug dose

This study investigates the mechanisms of platelet inhibition by the nitrate esters isosorbide dinitrate, isoidide dinitrate, isomannide dinitrate, isosorbide 2-mononitrate and isosorbide 5-mononitrate as compared to the spontaneous nitric oxide (NO)-donor linsidomine, the active metabolite of molsidomine. Nitrates and linsidomine dose-dependently inhibited aggregation, ATP secretion and thromboxane formation of washed human platelets at a rank order of potency, identical with that for stimulation of cyclic GMP in cultured rat lung fibroblasts. While linsidomine (0.1 mM) caused a 3-fold platelet cGMP elevation, there was a weak (< or = 30%) but significant cGMP stimulation by organic nitroesters, which was tightly correlated with inhibition of platelet aggregation (r = 0.926, P = 0.008). Zaprinast (2 microM) potentiated, while methylene blue (1 microM) and oxyhemoglobin (10 microM) reversed the antiaggregatory effects. Linsidomine (0.5 microM-0.1 mM) dose-dependently released NO in a cell-free system. No spontaneous NO release was detected with organic nitroesters (0.1 mM). These data suggest that, to some extent, bioactivation of organic nitroesters occurs in platelets, resulting in platelet inhibition via the NO/cGMP system.

imdur generic cost

Cepharanthin (CEP) is a biscoclaurine alkaloid extracted from Stephania cepharantha Hayata. CEP is reported to inhibit drug resistance by inhibiting P-glycoprotein, a drug efflux pump, and recently to induce apoptosis. In the present study, we examined the effects of CEP as an inhibitor of adriamycin (ADR) resistance on ADR-induced apoptosis and necrosis. First, we established p53-deficient ADR-resistant osteosarcoma cell lines, SaOS2-AR and SaOS2 F-AR. Resistant cells showed a higher level of intracellular glutathione peroxidase activity than parent cells. P-glycoprotein was overexpressed in resistant cells. The intracellular ADR level of resistant cells was lower than that of parent cells. One micro g/ml CEP eliminated the degradation of intracellular ADR of resistant cells; that is, to a level equivalent to that of the parent cells. CEP of 0.5 micro g/ml, which was not cytotoxic when used alone, significantly increased the ADR sensitivity of resistant cells, to a level similar to the parent cell level. Isosorbide 5-mononitrate, a potential nitric oxide-generation agent, combined with CEP further increased the ADR sensitivity of resistant cells, indicating a synergistic effect of CEP and isosorbide 5-mononitrate on ADR cytotoxicity. Time-lapse microscopic observation revealed that ADR dominantly induced apoptosis much more than necrosis for both parent and resistant cells, and that the use of 0.5 micro g/ml CEP with ADR synergistically accelerated apoptosis in resistant cells. Finally, we clarified the property by which CEP synergistically accelerates ADR-induced apoptosis. This property might be a new mechanism that explains how CEP overcomes ADR resistance.

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Rats dosed orally with isosorbide dinitrate (1 mg kg-1) were exposed to smoke from standard and nicotine-reduced cigarettes for 8 min using a smoking machine. Plasma concentrations of isosorbide dinitrate and 5-isosorbide mononitrate, one of its major metabolites were approximately equal in the exposed groups, but were lower than in the non-smoking control group. The 2-isosorbide mononitrate concentration was also lower in the group exposed to smoke from standard cigarettes. Since the pharmacokinetics were influenced by smoke from both types of cigarette smoke, the effect may be attributed in large part to non-nicotine components of the smoke.

imdur drug interactions

To compare the efficacy of a nitric oxide donor (isosorbide mononitrate) and a prostaglandin E1 analogue (misoprostol) for cervical priming before suction termination of pregnancy.

imdur drug

We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, phase III, placebo-controlled trial in 154 patients aged over 65 years with refractory isolated systolic hypertension. Patients were randomized to placebo or 40 mg/day of extended-release isosorbide mononitrate added to standard therapy and titrated to 60 mg/day at week 6 if blood pressure exceeded 140/90 mmHg.The primary objective was to assess the effect on clinical pulse pressure of extended-release isosorbide mononitrate added to standard therapy in patients aged over 65 years with refractory isolated systolic hypertension after 3 months of treatment.The secondary objectives were as follows: to quantify the effect of adding the study drug on central blood pressure and vascular compliance using the augmentation index and pulse wave velocity; to evaluate the safety profile by recording adverse effects (frequency, type, severity) and the percentage of patients who had to withdraw from the trial because of adverse events; to quantify the percentage of patients who reach a clinical systolic blood pressure <140 mmHg or <130 mmHg measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; and to quantify the change in pulse pressure measured by ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

imdur medication

Both medical therapy and endoscopic variceal ligation (EVL) have proven to be comparable in the prevention of variceal rebleeding. However, the long-term results are still lacking. Our previous study enrolled 121 patients with history of esophageal variceal bleeding and randomized to receive EVL (EVL group, 60 patients) or drug therapy, nadolol plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate (N+I) (N+I group, 61 patients) to prevent variceal rebleeding. The EVL group received ligation regularly until variceal obliteration. The N+I group received N+I during the study period. Patients were followed for up to 8 years. After a median follow-up of 82 months, recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding developed in 28 patients (47%) in the EVL group and 49 patients (80%) in the N+I group (P = 0.001). Recurrent bleeding from esophageal varices occurred in 18 patients (30%) in the EVL group and 39 patients (64%) in the N+I group. The actuarial probability of rebleeding from esophageal varices was lower in the EVL group (P = 0.001). A total of 42 patients of the EVL group and 30 patients of the N+I group died (P = 0.013). The multivariate Cox analysis indicated that age, serum albumin, presence of encephalopathy, and treatment were the factors predictive of mortality.

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Databases, references and meeting abstracts were searched to retrieve randomized trials comparing combined therapy with EVL and β-blockers ± ISMN vs either treatment alone, to prevent variceal rebleeding in cirrhosis. Random-effects model was used for meta-analysis.

imdur tablet dose

to compare effects of isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide-5-mononitrate and nicorandil on frequency of angina attacks and vasoregulating endothelial function in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). MATERIAL AND METHODS. In 117 patients with stable II-III functional class angina we analyzed frequency of angina attacks, exercise tolerance, data of 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring and brachial artery Doppler study. RESULTS. Patients with IHD had impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the form of reduced endothelial response to increase of "shear stress" during test with reactive hyperemia. Long-term therapy with isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide-5-mononitrate, and nicorandil was associated with normalization of endothelium-dependent vasodilation of the brachial artery. This effect was more pronounced during therapy with nicorandil.

imdur pill identifier

This study was performed to compare the pharmacokinetic properties and relative bioavailability of two isosorbide-5-mononitrate (5-ISMN) sustained-release drugs in healthy Korean subjects under fasting and fed conditions.

imdur missed dose

Cirrhosis can be the end stage of any chronic liver disease. At the time of diagnosis of cirrhosis varices are present in about 60% of decompensated and 30% of compensated patients. The risk factors for the first episode of variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients are the severity of liver dysfunction, large size of varices and the presence of endoscopic red colour signs but only one-third of patients who have variceal haemorrhage have the above risk factors. Recent interest has been directed at identifying haemodynamic factors that may reflect the pathophysiological changes which lead to variceal bleeding, e.g. it has been confirmed that no bleeding occurs if HVPG falls below 12 mmHg and also a hypothesis has been put forward in which bacterial infection is considered a trigger for bleeding. Pharmacological treatment with beta-blockers is safe, effective and is the standard long-term treatment for the prevention of recurrence of variceal bleeding. Combination of beta-blockers with isosorbide-5-mononitrate needs further testing in randomized controlled trials. The use of haemodynamic targets for reduction in HVPG response needs further study, and surrogate markers of pressure response need evaluation. If endoscopic treatment is chosen, variceal ligation is the modality of choice. The combination of simultaneous variceal ligation and sclerotherapy does not offer any benefit. However, the use of additional sclerotherapy for the complete eradication of small varices after variceal ligation needs to be evaluated. The results of current prospective randomized controlled trials comparing variceal ligation with pharmacological treatment are awaited with great interest. Finally, the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for the secondary prevention of variceal bleeding is not substantiated by current data, as survival is not improved and because of its worse cost-benefit profile compared to other treatments. In contrast, there still is a role for the selective surgical shunts in the modern management of portal hypertension. The ideal patients should be well compensated cirrhotics, who have had troublesome bleeding - either who have failed at least one other modality of therapy (drugs or ligation), have bled from gastric varices despite medical or endoscopic therapy, or live far from suitable medical services. Recently, ligation has been compared to beta-blockers for primary prophylaxis but so far there is no good evidence to recommend banding for primary prophylaxis, if beta-blockers can be given.

imdur 240 mg

Terminalia arjuna, an Indian medicinal plant, has been reported to have beneficial effects in patients with ischemic heart disease in a number of small, open studies. The need for a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study with adequate sample size has long been felt. The bark extract (IPC-53) contains acids (arjunic acid, terminic acid), glycosides (arjunetin arjunosides I-IV), strong antioxidants (flavones, tannins, oligomeric proanthocyanidins), minerals. etc. and exhibits antifailure and anti-ischemic properties.

imdur 80 mg

To assess the impact of long-term oral nitrate therapy on clinical outcome following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with type II diabetes.

imdur bid dosing

The action of isorsorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) infusion (range 6.0 to 10.0 mg/hour) was studied in 24 patients with and without acute heart failure (hemodynamic subsets I to IV) during acute myocardial infarction. Hemodynamic measurements were performed by right-sided cardiac catheterization. Intravenous IS-5-MN demonstrated significant hemodynamic effects compared with baseline values. In subsets I and II, a decrease in pulmonary wedge pressure (PWP) and in cardiac index (CI), without significant changes in heart rate, mean arterial pressure or systemic vascular resistance index were demonstrated. In subsets III and IV, a major increase in CI and a decrease in systemic vascular resistance index, as well as a decrease in PWP were found. Again no changes occurred in mean arterial pressure and heart rate. The dosage was similar in subsets I to IV (8.0, 7.9, 7.8 and 7.3 mg/hour); thus, the differences in the responses could not be attributed to dosage. It appears that several different patterns of hemodynamic IS-5-MN action exist, assuming that IS-5-MN operates on preload and afterload levels. The action of IS-5-MN mechanisms seems to be dependent on an initial hemodynamic subset. No patient had any deleterious hemodynamic effects. A decrease in CI in subsets I and II was not of clinical importance with these dosages. No nitrate tolerance during 9.0 hours of continuous therapy appeared.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

imdur tab

The objective of this study was to evaluate cervix length and the presence of cervical gland area (CGA) in ultrasounds performed before and after the administration of vaginal isosorbide mononitrate (IMN) for cervical ripening.

imdur dosage

In a double-blind, randomized cross-over study the antianginal efficacy and tolerability of Elantan Long (50 mg sustained-release IS-5-MN) were compared with a 80-mg sustained-release (s.r.) IS-5-MN formulation. 28 patients were enrolled in the study, which consisted of a 3-day washout period on placebo, an active treatment of 14 days (cross-over after 7 days) and a final 3-day withdrawal period on placebo. Ergometric exercise tests with simultaneous ECG monitoring were carried out 2 and 10 h post administration (p.a.) on the last days of each period. Under 50 mg s.r. IS-5-MN the mean ST- segment depression under comparable load was reduced by 67% 2 h p.a. and by 70% 10 h p.a. The reduction under the 80 mg IS-5-MN form was about 76% 2 h p.a. and 78% 10 h p.a. Maximum workload, working capacity, duration of exercise, time to angina pectoris and time to ST-segment depression greater than 0.1 mV were markedly increased under therapy with each dosage. Comparisons between the medications revealed significant differences only in time to ST-segment depression greater than 0.1 mV and in ST-segment depression under maximum workload at 10 h p.a. which were increased more by the higher dosage. The incidence of anginal attacks decreased by almost 80% in the patients under both treatments. Ten patients under each dosage were completely freed from attacks. Adverse drug reactions occurred in 14 patients, 10 times under 80 mg s.r. IS-5-MN, 5 times under Elantan Long and twice under placebo.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

imdur 180 mg

Clinical and device evaluation of efficacy of new dosage forms of isosorbide-5-mononitrate (ISMN) in patients with angina of effort of functional class (FC) II-III in 1-3 month treatment.

imdur 50 mg

Clinical findings and invasive monitoring showed signs of a hyperdynamic hemodynamic cardiovascular failure caused by toxic vasodilatation.

imdur 40 mg

In the prevention of variceal rebleeding, beta-blockers +/- nitrates are as effective as endoscopic banding.

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It is concluded that intermittent administration of nitrates does not cause rebound angina and is therefore safe. A randomized controlled trial is needed to find the long-term effect on cardiac events.

imdur 90 mg

We investigated the suitability of BMDP and SAS as an integrated tool for the evaluation of regional blood flow data obtained from the radioactive microsphere technique. Both packages were applied to a recent study on muscle blood flow with a 3-factorial design. The organization of data and files, the strategy of data reduction, and the evaluation by means of statistical and graphical techniques are shown. The method may be applied to any microsphere study design. A considerable amount of time can be saved and data integrity may be improved. The statistical quality of the results may benefit from the broad spectrum of statistical tests available.

imdur 30mg medication

ISMN b.i.d. eccentrically has an antianginal effect throughout most of the day, peaking at 2 h. This effect is sustained during chronic therapy, without tolerance or rebound.

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imdur 240 mg 2016-12-13

Eighty-six hospitalized patients with cirrhosis and bleeding from esophageal varices diagnosed by endoscopy were randomly assigned to treatment with repeated sclerotherapy (43 patients) or nadolol plus isosorbide-5-mononitrate (43 patients). The primary outcomes were rebleeding, death, and complications. The hepatic venous pressure gradient was measured at base line and buy imdur after three months.

imdur dosage 2016-12-03

The acute and chronic efficacy of slow-release isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) in the form of Elantan long capsules (50 mg) and the tolerability to this agent were evaluated in an open study of 45 patients with chronic stable angina pectoris, treated for one year. After 3 days of replacement of previous antianginal treatment with placebo, an Elantan long capsule (50 mg) was given once daily in the morning. Exercise test was performed 6 hours after ingestion of the capsule, on placebo (after wash-out of 3 days), in the first day of treatment, and after 3 and 6 buy imdur months of treatment as well as 6 and 24 hours after 12 months of treatment compared to the exercise test at the same time after discontinuation of treatment (three days on placebo). At comparable work load the drug was associated with a 26.6% reduction in ST-segment depression after 6 hours of acute treatment, 46.7% after 3 months of treatment, 52.2% after 6 months, and 66% at the end of treatment (12 months) (P less than 0.001). Even 24 hours after intake of the last capsule of Elantan long the ST-segment reduction was still 49.5%. Exercise test 24 hours after ingestion of the drug revealed that the effect still exists. In the post-treatment placebo period all values returned to pretreatment levels. The sublingual nitroglycerin consumption was reduced by 90% and the frequency of anginal attacks was reduced from 19 +/- 15 to 1.1 +/- 4.2 weekly (P less than 0.001). The drug was well tolerated.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

imdur maximum dose 2017-10-24

A GLC method for the determination of plasma isosorbide dinitrate and two metabolites, isosorbide 2-mononitrate and isosorbide 5-mononitrate, is described. The three substances are extracted from alkalinized plasma with ether. Quantitation is effected by electron-capture detection after GLC separation with a 30% SE-30 column. The unusually heavy liquid phase loading is necessary to eliminate irreversible adsorption on the solid support. The electron-capture detector provides excellent sensitivity buy imdur and specificity because of the electronegative nature of the nitric ester. The method was used to study the blood levels of isosorbide dinitrate and two metabolites in four beagle dogs after single oral doses of 40 mg of isosorbide dinitrate and in two human volunteers after a sublingual dose of 10 mg of isosorbide dinitrate.

imdur drug category 2015-01-07

In some patients with chronic stable angina the beneficial effects of nitrates may result not only from a reduction in venous return, but also from buy imdur their action on coronary circulation. In these patients, rate-pressure product at ischemia (RPPI) increases to > 2500 bpm x mmHg after sublingual nitrates (SLN). The relative susceptibility of the venous system and the coronary circulation to the development of nitrate tolerance and the effects of two different drug schedules on the development of tolerance were investigated in patients with these characteristics.

imdur tablet dose 2015-08-17

After a median follow up of 30 months, recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding developed in 37 patients (61%) in the carvedilol group and 37 patients (62%) in the N + I group (P = 0.90). Recurrent bleeding from esophageal varices occurred in 31 patients (51%) in the carvedilol group and in 26 patients (43 buy imdur %) in the N + I group (P = 0.46). Recurrent bleeding from gastric varices occurred in two patients (3%) in the carvedilol group and in eight patients (13%) in the N + I group (P = 0.05). Severe adverse events occurred in one patient in the carvedilol group and 17 patients in the N + I group (P < 0.0001). Fifteen patients of the carvedilol group and 17 patients in the N + I group died (P = 0.83). Two patients in the carvedilol group and three patients in the N + I group died of variceal bleeding.

imdur drug 2015-05-10

A total buy imdur of 55 patients were enrolled in the study. The average ages of patients in Groups A, B, and C were 37.94 ± 16.19, 42.83 ± 13.21, 40 ± 13.58 years, respectively. After treatment, pain completely abated in 55.6% of patients in Group A, 27.8% (n = 5) in Group B, and 42.1% (n = 8) in Group C. The decreases in average VAS values prior to and after treatment in Groups A, B, and C were statistically significant (p values 0.0001, 0.001, and 0.0001, respectively). Average strain scores prior to and after treatment were 2.11/0.72 for Group A, 2.17/0.94 for Group B, and 1.95/0.47 for Group C. Strain during defecation prior to and after treatment in Groups A, B, and C was statistically significant (p values 0.001, 0.001, and 0.003, respectively).

imdur 15 mg 2015-05-25

The extended use of interventional surgery of revascularisation has modified the prognosis and the evolution of ischaemic heart diseases. However, both coronary artery bypass graft and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty failed to make the symptomatic or subclinical ischaemic manifestations of chronic coronary insufficiency disappear. The interest of using betablockers as a first-line therapy was widely demonstrated. However, their combination with another efficient molecule is often necessary. The aim of this trial has been to appreciate the efficiency of the association of a betablocker with either trimetazidine or with isosorbide monoitrate. Hundred and eighty five patients retaining a positive effort test despite 100 mg of atenolol, received in addition, either 60 mg of trimetazidine (93 cases) of 60 mg of isosorbide mononitrate (92 cases) for a two-month period and are then re-evaluated at the end of this period. The ischaemic threshold is delayed in a significant way in both groups (p < 0.0001; trimetazidine +7%, isosorbide mononitrate +10.7%). Twenty-three percent of the exercise tests under trimetzidine and 19% under isosorbide mononitrate become negative after buy imdur two months of the therapeutic combination. The clinical improvement is even clearer with the disappearance of the angina crisis during the week before the second exercise test in 63% of the cases under trimetazidine and 54% of the cases under isosorbide mononitrate, among the patients who had kept it under atenolol at the inclusion. In conclusion, the combination of a second efficient molecule, trimetazidine or isosorbide mononitrate, brings a functional and objective improvement to patients with insufficient chronic coronary disease not totally controlled using a betablocker, even with high dosage. One should notice two important advantages in favour of the trimetazidine: one is practical due to a better tolerance (lack of cephalalgia), the other is conceptual (use of the complementary metabolic approach of cellular oxygenation rather than the haemodynamic approach of nitrate compounds which are already in concurrency with all other anti-ischaemic molecules).

imdur drug card 2015-04-14

The influence of emotional stress on the pharmacokinetics of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) administered s.c. to rats was studied. The plasma level of ISDN in emotionally stressed (ES) rats was the same as that in non-stressed control rats. However, the levels of its metabolites, 5-isosorbide mononitrate (5-ISMN) and 2-isosorbide mononitrate (2-ISMN), were markedly lower in ES rats than in the control rats. On the other hand, urine ISDN and 2-ISMN excretion rates were lower in ES rats than in the control rats. buy imdur These observations suggest that the pharmacokinetics of ISDN administered s.c. is influenced by emotional stress such as foot shock.

imdur overdose symptoms 2017-11-11

This work examined the effect of the selective a1-inhibitor, doxazosin (CAS 74191-85-8), on the activity of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). In vitro, the intact thoracic aortic rings of rabbits were contracted with the a-agonist, phenylephrine, and then relaxed by sequentially increasing concentrations of the EDRF-releasing agent adenosine triphosphate (ATP). In parallel experiments, doxazosin (10(-8) mol/l) was added after the contraction but before the addition of ATP. Doxazosin enhanced the ATP-induced vasodilation by a factor of 3. Control experiments suggested that this was due to the enhanced activity of EDRF, which was related to displacement of phenylephrine from a1-adrenoceptors by doxazosin. Physiologically relevant concentrations of 6- or 7-hydroxydoxazosin (5 x 10(-10) mol/l) had no effect on EDRF activity in vitro. In vivo experiments in the rabbit were carried out using bolus, intravenous injections of acetylcholine (ACh), which stimulated EDRF release. Threshold doses of doxazosin (2 x buy imdur 10(-6) g/kg) enhanced the hypotensive activity of ACh. Prefeeding the rabbits for 4 weeks with a 2% cholesterol diet significantly reduced the sensitivity of the aorta to isosorbide-5-mononitrate, a stable EDRF-analog. However, the impairment in endothelium-dependent relaxation was attenuated in the presence of doxazosin (2 x 10(-9) mol/l). The results that in addition to its known antiplatelet activity, doxazosin enhances EDRF activity.

imdur cost 2017-06-13

An open, multi-centre trial was carried out to investigate the efficacy and tolerance of isosorbide mononitrate used as anti-anginal therapy in a large group of patients under normal general practice conditions. A total of 10,229 patients with coronary heart disease of average duration of 4 years entered the trial, of whom 8769 had sufficiently severe symptoms to be included in the analysis of results. Most of the patients (92.3%) had previously been treated with cardiovascular drugs. In the trial, all patients were treated with oral isosorbide mononitrate, 20 mg 3-times daily, for a period of 14 days. Treatment resulted in an improvement of angina (compared with the situation during previous therapy) in 79.9% of the assessed patients, complete abolition of angina attacks being achieved in 52.1% and a reduction in frequency of attacks in a further 28.7%. This reduction in angina was associated with a reduced acute consumption of nitrates used for the treatment of attacks. In the smaller sub-group of patients who had received no previous anti-anginal therapy, isosorbide mononitrate treatment resulted in improvement in 91% of patients, complete abolition being achieved in 77.5%. Nocturnal angina was almost totally eliminated by isosorbide mononitrate treatment and this can probably be explained in terms of the favourable pharmacokinetic profile of the drug. 'Nitrate headache', observed in 20.5% of the patients, was the only common side-effect of treatment. The absence of hypotension or tachycardia in significant numbers of patients indicates that buy imdur isosorbide mononitrate should be well tolerated, as well as efficacious, in all patients with coronary heart disease.

imdur dose 2015-12-21

In 13 patients (7 females and 6 males) with newly found, previously not treated, chronic stable angina the interprandial volume of the gallbladder and its emptying after treatment with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (Mononit) were examined. The volume of gallbladder was estimated with ultrasonography first after administration of 10 or 20 mg of Mononit twice a day and then in 3rd and 6th week of treatment. It was found that the intake of the single dose as well as the long treatment with Mononit had no effect on interprandial volume of gallbladder. However the intake of drug led to the significant inhibition of postprandial gallbladder's buy imdur contractility both after the single dose and long term treatment with Mononit.

imdur 30mg generic 2017-12-28

Nicorandil exerts its pharmacodynamic effects through two different modes of action: increase of cyclic GMP and activation of K+ channels of smooth muscle cells. The latter mechanism could explain the lack of development of tolerance that had been demonstrated clearly in various animal experiments. Therefore, it was attempted to elucidate this mechanism in humans. In 16 healthy subjects, the acute hemodynamic effects of a single oral dose of 40 mg nicorandil were compared with those of a single sublingual buy imdur dose of 0.8 mg nitroglycerin. Thereafter, the subjects were treated with 30 mg isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) slow release t.i.d. for 7 days to induce nitrate tolerance. Two hours after the last dose of IS-5-MN, hemodynamic measurements were repeated before and after administration of nicorandil and nitroglycerin, respectively. Recordings obtained from impedance cardiography and finger plethysmography as well as measurements of systolic time intervals provided evidence that nicorandil in the state of IS-5-MN tolerance continued to exert hemodynamic effects similar to those exerted after the first dose. The hemodynamic actions of nitroglycerin were no longer observed after chronic treatment with IS-5-MN. The duration of action of nicorandil was investigated in 22 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). After a 2-week run-in period on placebo, patients had to perform a symptom-limited bicycle exercise tolerance test (ETT) on two separate days in which the reproducible anginal threshold had to be proven. After qualification, patients were allocated randomly to receive double-blind 10 or 20 mg nicorandil b.i.d. for 4 weeks.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

imdur oral medication 2016-06-10

We included nine trials with 469 women. A diverse set of medications and regimens were studied in these trials, making the comparisons available for meta-analysis limited. The comparisons draw data from six trials with 383 participants. All trials were relatively small and had several aspects of unclear risk of bias with few of this review's outcomes reported. Due to this, no data from three trials were able to be used despite them meeting inclusion criteria.We carried out four comparisons: isosorbide mononitrate or dinitrate compared with misoprostol; misoprostol compared with placebo; chemical dilation (use of medications) compared with mechanical dilation; and any cervical preparation compared with placebo.None of the included studies reported data on the review's primary outcome: cervical or uterine injury (perforation, laceration, creation of a false passage).No clear difference was shown between isosorbide compounds and misoprostol for the outcome need for manual cervical dilation (average risk ratio (RR) 0.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.10 to 5.64; three trials, 150 women; Tau² = 2.11; I² = 69%), however the data were heterogenous. In terms of adverse effects, misoprostol was associated with more vomiting (RR 0.11, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.85; two trials, 120 women), however there were no clear differences between isosorbide compounds and misoprostol in relation to other reported adverse effects (headache, nausea or hypotension). The dosing regimens differed in terms of dose, number of administrations and route of administration in the different trials. Mechanical (Dilapan-S hygroscopic) dilators performed similarly to chemical dilators in a single trial (65 women) that measured difficulty in cervical dilation, excessive bleeding and adverse buy imdur effects.Misoprostol was shown to be more effective than placebo for cervical ripening (reduced need for manual cervical dilation) (RR 0.14, 95% CI 0.08 to 0.26; one trial, 120 women), and surgical time was reduced when misoprostol was used (mean difference (MD) -3.15, 95% CI -3.59 to -2.70; one trial, 120 women). However, compared to placebo, misoprostol, was associated with more abdominal pain (RR 29.00, 95% CI 1.77 to 475.35; one trial, 120 women), although no clear differences in the risk of other adverse effects (nausea, vomiting, headache or fever) were observed between groups.There was no clear differences between chemical dilation and mechanical dilators for the outcomes: difficulty in cervical dilation, excessive bleeding or adverse effects.Compared with placebo, any cervical preparation reduced the need for manual cervical dilatation (average RR 0.25, 95% CI 0.07 to 0.89; two trials, 168 women; Tau² = 0.67; I² = 81%), and reduced surgical time (MD -2.55, 95% CI -3.67 to -1.43, two trials, 168 women; Tau² = 0.63; I² = 96%).None of the included trials reported on the review's other secondary outcomes, including: injury to bladder or bowel, miscarriage/preterm birth in a subsequent pregnancy, analgesia use after administration of ripening agent but before surgery, or analgesia use after surgery.

imdur drug information 2016-04-08

To assess the buy imdur acute effects of propranolol and ISMN on renal blood flow and other haemodynamic parameters in cirrhosis.

imdur generic cost 2015-10-26

The influence of the preparation moniside (isosorbide-5-mononitrate on some functional, lipid and enzymic changes in a model of hyperproteinemia of rats was investigated. Studies were carried out on 45 male rats, divided into 3 groups: I group-control, nontreated; II group--control treated with cholesterol diet; III group--experimental treated with cholesterol diet and monoside in a dose of 20 mg/kg of body weight orally 6 days a week. The Dosage Of Noroxin experiment continued 3 months. Changes in general state, body mass, static physical endurance, stability to electric current were described as well as the following lipid parameters: cholesterol (mmol/l), cholesterol in lipoproteins with high density (LHD), cholesterol in lipoproteins with low and very low density (LLD, LVLD), tryglycerols (Tr), free fatty acids (FFA). Changes in enzymic activity of aspartataminotransferase (ASAT), alaninamidotransferase (AlAt), hydroxybutiratdehydrogenase (HBDH) and creatinphosphokinase (CPK). Morphological examinations of heart, aorta, liver, kidneys and adrenal were made as well. The results from the experiments showed that in a model with hyperlipoproteinemia general state of experimental animals was impaired, body mass was reduced, physical endurance and stability to electric current reduced, while cholesterol and LVLD/were increased, AlAt increased mult many times, but HBDH and CPK diminished their activity. Functional possibilities of the organism increased at a slight degree under the influence of monoside. Lipid changes, established after cholesterol diet, did not change substantially, while deviations in enzymic activity were normalized.

imdur 20 mg 2016-10-15

Previous studies support a role of oxygen-free radicals in the development of congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to investigate whether lipid peroxidation is increased in CHF patients on modern pharmacological therapy and whether there is a positive correlation between plasma levels of markers of lipid peroxidation and severity of heart failure (HF). Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) and isoprostanes are often used as markers of lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress. We also studied whether long-term treatment with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (IS-5-MN) in combination with standard HF therapy affects P-MDA levels in patients with evidence of left ventricular (LV Cytoxan 100 Mg ) dysfunction following acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

imdur 100 mg 2017-11-01

Carvedilol may be more effective in decreasing HVPG than propranolol or nebivolol and it may be as effective as EVL or nadolol plus Lopressor Drug Interactions ISMN in preventing variceal bleeding. However, the overall quality of evidence is low. Further large-scale randomised studies are required before we can make firm conclusions.

imdur er dosage 2017-08-21

To determine Viagra 150 Mg the effect of an extended-release nitrate preparation on the arterial pulse wave and blood pressure of patients in whom systolic blood pressure was elevated in part by exaggerated pulse-wave reflectance.

imdur max dose 2017-12-31

After successful control of acute esophageal variceal bleeding, eligible patients were randomized to the carvedilol group, 61 patients, using carvedilol 6.25-12.5 mg daily or the N + I group, 60 patients, using Lioresal 5 Mg nadolol 40-80 mg plus isorsorbide-5-mononitrate 20 mg daily. The end points were rebleeding from varices, adverse events or death.

imdur renal dosing 2017-05-15

Hemorragic portal hypertension (HTP Zofran Drug Uses -H) has a mortality of 30-40%. Propranolol alone or in combination with isosorbide-5-mononitrate (5MNI) has been wed as hemorrhage preventive treatment.

imdur 60 mg 2015-04-11

The efficacy of antianginal agents in the treatment of patients with chronic stable angina has traditionally been evaluated by performance measures, such as the exercise treadmill test (ETT). Although reliable and reproducible, ETT is Trental Drug Action not a sensitive measure of changes in myocardial ischemia. The effects of antianginal agents on coronary blood flow and myocardial perfusion have been less frequently studied. Angiographic studies have demonstrated that nitrates may operate by preferentially directing blood flow to ischemic regions of the myocardium. These investigations have been limited, however, by the invasive nature of the evaluation. Measurements of regional myocardial perfusion may also be made with noninvasive tests. Both quantitative single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and positron emission tomography (PET) have been employed, but few studies have used these techniques to assess the effects of antianginal drugs (in general) and nitrates (in particular) on changes in reversible myocardial perfusion defects. Studies that have evaluated the direct effects of nitrate treatment on coronary blood flow and myocardial perfusion defects in patients with chronic stable angina are reviewed, and preliminary data from a study of the effects of long-term nitrate treatment on myocardial perfusion are discussed.

imdur 50 mg 2016-04-10

54 patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stable angina pectoris (42 males, 12 females aged 48-70, mean age 59.4 +/- 3.6 years) were examined. 16 of them had angina of effort FC II, 35--of FC III and 3--of FC IV. IHD was Tegretol Xr Cost verified at stress tests and 24-h Holter ECG monitoring. In 85.2% of IHD patients the diagnosis of stenotic coronary atherosclerosis of 1-3 great arteries was confirmed by coronarography findings. The treatment effect was assessed by bicycle exercise tests, Holter ECG monitoring, patients' records of anginal attacks before and after treatment.

imdur 80 mg 2015-07-12

One hundred and nine cirrhotic patients with a recent variceal bleeding were randomized: nadolol plus 5-ISMN in 57 patients and endoscopic band ligation in 52 Fexofenadine Generic Allegra patients.

imdur dose conversion 2015-11-04

The effects of cilazapril, isosorbide Risperdal Max Dose -5-mononitrate (ISMN), hydrochlorothiazide and placebo on systolic and diastolic cardiac function were studied to evaluate the relative importance of afterload and preload reduction on cardiac function in hypertensive patients. In 86 patients with essential hypertension, radionuclide studies were performed before and after a single oral dose of placebo (18 patients), cilazapril 2.5 mg (35 patients), ISMN 20 mg (18 patients) or hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg (15 patients). The effects on blood pressure, heart rate, left ventricular ejection fraction, peak filling rate and time to peak filling rate were measured. Placebo had no significant effect. A comparable blood-pressure-lowering effect was achieved with cilazapril and hydrochlorothiazide. Cilazapril improved diastolic function by increasing the normalized peak filling rate from 2.3 +/- 0.7 to 2.7 +/- 0.7 vol/s (p less than 0.05) and reducing the time to PFR from 174.5 +/- 33.6 to 152.4 +/- 30.8 ms (p less than 0.005). Hydrochlorothiazide and ISMN, however, impaired left ventricular diastolic function: hydrochlorothiazide decreased the normalized peak flow rate from 2.2 +/- 0.6 to 1.9 +/- 0.6 vol/s (p less than 0.05). ISMN prolonged the time to peak flow rate from 176 +/- 36 to 195 +/- 29 ms and increased the percentage of diastole to peak flow rate from 46 to 53% (p less than 0.05), whereas the normalized peak flow rate was unaltered. In conclusion, predominant afterload reduction by cilazapril improves left ventricular diastolic function in hypertensive patients, while preload reduction by diuretics and nitrates impairs it.