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Cordarone (Amiodarone)

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Cordarone is used to treat a variety of different types of fast, abnormal heart rhythms (these are known as tachyarrhythmias). It is used for severe rhythm disorders when other treatments are not effective or cannot be used.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Cartia Xt, Lanoxin


Also known as:  Amiodarone.


Cordarone is an antiarrhythmic. It works by stabilizing the heart rhythm in conditions in which the heart is beating too fast or in an irregular rhythm.

Generic name of Cordarone is Amiodarone.

Cordarone is also known as Amiodarone, Pacerone.

Brand name of Cordarone is Cordarone.


Cordarone is best taken with food. However, it is more important to take it consistently with regard to meals. If you take it with food, try to always take it with food to improve absorption of this medicine. If you prefer to take it on an empty stomach, then always try to take it on an empty stomach.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Cordarone suddenly.


If you overdose Cordarone and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Cordarone are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Cordarone if you are allergic to Cordarone components.

Do not take Cordarone if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Do not take Cordarone if you have complete, second degree, third degree, or severe sinoatrial heart block, an abnormally slow heartbeat, or shock due to serious heart problems, or if you have had fainting due to slow heartbeat (except if you have a pacemaker).

Do not take Cordarone if you are taking cisapride, dofetilide, an H1 antagonist (eg, astemizole, loratadine, terfenadine), an HIV protease inhibitor (eg, ritonavir), a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (eg, vardenafil), or a streptogramin (eg, dalfopristin, quinupristin).

Lab tests, including electrocardiogram (ECG), chest x-rays, lung tests, liver tests, thyroid tests, and eye exams, may be performed to monitor your progress.

Be careful with Cordarone if you have allergies to medicines, foods, or other substances.

Use Cordarone with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid machine driving.

Try to protect your skin from the sunlight.

Do not stop taking Cordarone suddenly.

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We performed a pilot study on 102 patients (68 men, mean age 65 +/- 10 years, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 0.53 +/- 0.12) undergoing cardiovascular surgery (94 coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG], 5 valvular surgery only, and 3 CABG + valvular surgery). The patients were randomized to receive amiodarone (1 g/d intravenously x 48 hours, then 400 mg/d orally until discharge) or propranolol (1 mg intravenously every 6 hours x 48 hours, then 20 mg orally four times a day until discharge). Atrial fibrillation was defined as lasting longer than 1 hour or resulting in hemodynamic compromise.

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The influence of 2 different routes of amiodarone (AMIO) administration, oral gavage (OG) and subcutaneous injection (SC), on the density of cardiac beta-adrenoceptors (Bmax), hepatic type I 5' iodothyronine deiodinase (5' DI) and thyroid hormone serum concentrations was studied. Compared with respective control values, AMIO treatment (50 mg/kg per day, 7 days) via both OG and SC routes significantly lowered Bmax (OG: 14.6 +/- 1.92 vs 18.2 +/- 1.03 fmol/mg and SC: 16.6 +/- 2.34 vs 19.1 +/- 2.05 fmol/mg) and 5' DI activity (from 409 to 85 and 340 to 47 fmol I-/mg per min, respectively). The SC route induced a fall in thyroid secretion and a generalized hypothyroidism (decreased serum FT4 and FT3, inhibition of body weight gain. The OG route did not modify thyroid secretion. These results demonstrated that the effects on cardiac beta-receptor density in the SC group might be due to the generalized hypothyroidism and that AMIO produced its specific cardiac effects only after oral route medication, suggesting that the oral route is the best choice for studying AMIO cardiac effects on beta-receptor density.

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In a matched-cohort design, 18 patients taking amiodarone before atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation (amiodarone group) were matched for age, sex and type of AF with 18 patients who had undergone AF ablation without taking amiodarone (no-amiodarone group). The amiodarone group had a slower heart rate than the no-amiodarone group at baseline and during isoproterenol infusion. Only the amiodarone group had sick sinus syndrome (n=4, 22%, P=0.03) and abnormal (>550ms) corrected SAN recovery time (n=5, 29%; P=0.02). The median distance from the junction of the superior vena cava (SVC) and RA to the most cranial earliest activation site (EAS) was longer in the amiodarone group than in the no-amiodarone group at baseline (20.5 vs. 10.6mm, P=0.04) and during isoproterenol infusion (12.8 vs. 6.3mm, P=0.03). The distance from the SVC-RA junction to the EAS negatively correlated with the P-wave amplitudes of leads II (r=-0.47), III (r=-0.60) and aVF (r=-0.56) (P<0.001 for all).

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Significantly prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc) was noticed following only sotalol and amiodarone. The corrected precontraction time increased after sotalol (p = 0.005) and amiodarone (p = 0.017), not propafenone (p = 0.139). Analysis results between ΔEF and ΔQTc, ΔEF and ΔQTc(p), ΔE/e' and ΔQTc, ΔE/e' and ΔQTc(p) for amiodarone group were (p = 0.66, p = 0.20, p = 0.66, p = 0.33), for sotalol (p = 0.36, p = 0.51, p = 0.44, p = 0.33) and for propafenone (p = 0.38, p = 0.12, p = 0.89, p = 0.61), respectively.

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Amiodarone, 600 mg orally daily, was used in an attempt to control supraventricular tachyarrhythmias in a patient with the sick sinus syndrome. Twenty days from the onset of therapy the Q-T interval lengthened. Episodes of ventricular flutter, ventricular fibrillation and self-terminating ventricular tachyarrhythmia (torsade de pointes) developed on the 28th day of amiodarone therapy. Temporary cardiac pacing prevented further episodes of ventricular fibrillation. Despite the suggestion that this drug may be given in large doses for long periods of time since it has a wide safety margin, we feel that the risk of lethal arrhythmias is such that caution is required in its use.

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Infants with incessant ventricular tachycardia (occurring greater than 10% of the day) have generally been described in pathologic studies. This report describes 21 patients with incessant ventricular tachycardia present greater than 90% of the day and night; the age at diagnosis ranged from birth to 30 months (mean 10.5 months). The most common clinical presentation was cardiac arrest (11 patients, in 5 after digitalis for presumed supraventricular tachycardia); another 6 patients had congestive heart failure and 4 were asymptomatic. Three patients had coexisting Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. The rate of incessant ventricular tachycardia ranged from 167 to 440 (mean 260 beats/min) and the QRS duration from 0.06 to 0.11 second. The most common electrocardiographic (ECG) pattern (10 of 21) was right bundle branch block with left axis deviation, but other right and left bundle branch block patterns were observed. Conventional and investigational antiarrhythmic agents (nine patients received amiodarone) failed to eliminate incessant ventricular tachycardia in all. Electrophysiologic studies localized incessant ventricular tachycardia to the left ventricle in 17 (to the apex in 2, the free wall in 9 and the septum in 6) and to the right ventricular septum in 4. No structural abnormalities were found on the echocardiogram or angiocardiogram. All 21 patients had surgery at an age of 3.5 to 31 months (mean 16). In 15 a tumor was found: 13 myocardial hamartomas (9 discrete, 4 diffuse throughout both ventricles) and 2 rhabdomyomas (1 multiple). Myocarditis was found in one patient (the oldest). In four, only myocardial fibrosis was found; results of one biopsy were normal.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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In chloralose-anesthetized, open-chest Yorkshire pigs (n = 15), the proximal segment of left circumflex (LCx) coronary artery was occluded to reduce flow by 75%. An electrode catheter was positioned on the left atrial appendage to measure AF threshold (AFT) before and during LCx coronary artery stenosis before and at 1 hour after dronedarone (0.5 mg/kg intravenous bolus over 5 minutes) and/or ranolazine administration (0.6 mg/kg intravenous bolus followed by 0.035 mg/kg/min).

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To compare the cost-effectiveness of intravenous plus oral amiodarone, atrial septal pacing, and both strategies combined to prevent atrial fibrillation after open heart surgery. Secondary objectives were to compare the cost-effectiveness of amiodarone versus no amiodarone and of pacing versus no pacing, and to compare hospitalization costs of the various strategies.

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Patients underwent amiodarone treatment for various reasons, most often atrial fibrillation, for more than 2 years, and those that received a cumulative dose > 100 g were enrolled. A total of 34 patients who underwent chest CT between December 2011 and June 2012 were enrolled, whether or not they had clinical symptoms. The APT CT score was defined as the number of involved regions in the lung, which was divided into 18 regions (right and left, upper, middle, and lower, and central, middle, and peripheral). The CT findings were evaluated according to the total dose and duration of amiodarone treatment and the results of a pulmonary function test. Clinical symptoms and outcomes were also evaluated according to APT CT scores.

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We performed a systematic search in MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Library and the Chinese database from 1995 to 2015. Studies that investigated amiodarone-related adverse reactions on the thyroid were included. A random-effect model was used for the meta-analysis to investigate the incidence rate of AIH and associated risk factors.

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We conducted a randomized, controlled trial of circumferential pulmonary-vein ablation for the treatment of chronic atrial fibrillation.

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Hyperthyroidism is characterised by increased thyroid hormone synthesis and secretion from the thyroid gland, whereas thyrotoxicosis refers to the clinical syndrome of excess circulating thyroid hormones, irrespective of the source. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease, followed by toxic nodular goitre. Other important causes of thyrotoxicosis include thyroiditis, iodine-induced and drug-induced thyroid dysfunction, and factitious ingestion of excess thyroid hormones. Treatment options for Graves' disease include antithyroid drugs, radioactive iodine therapy, and surgery, whereas antithyroid drugs are not generally used long term in toxic nodular goitre, because of the high relapse rate of thyrotoxicosis after discontinuation. β blockers are used in symptomatic thyrotoxicosis, and might be the only treatment needed for thyrotoxicosis not caused by excessive production and release of the thyroid hormones. Thyroid storm and hyperthyroidism in pregnancy and during the post-partum period are special circumstances that need careful assessment and treatment.

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Compared with genetic factors, drug interactions are largely unexplored in pharmacogenetic studies. This study sought to systematically investigate the effects of VKORC1, STX4A, CYP2C9, CYP4F2, CYP3A4, and GGCX gene polymorphisms and interacting drugs on warfarin maintenance dose.

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Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia that frequently recurs after restoration of sinus rhythm. In a consistent percentage of cases, AF recurrences are asymptomatic, thus making its clinical management difficult in relation to both therapeutic efficacy and thromboembolic risk.

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The incidence of BOOP is probably underestimated in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome without cutaneous vasculitis. In case of pneumonia with antibiotic resistance, an immunological mechanism should be considered.

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Cardioversion appears as a safe procedure with a reasonably acceptable cardiovascular event rate. However, to prevent the cardiovascular events, several risk factors should be considered before cardioversion.

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20 patients with WPW syndrome and recurrent tachyarrhythmias were studied clinically and electrophysiologically. The localization and electrophysiological properties of accessory pathways and other heart structures were estimated before the surgical treatment. 13 patients (pts) suffered syncope in the course of atrial flutter or atrial fibrillation with heart rate greater than 300/min, often proceeding into ventricular fibrillation or atrioventricular tachycardia greater than 260/min, which sometimes proceeds into atrial/ventricular fibrillation. 6 pts experienced dizziness or fainted during tachyarrhythmias or rhythm changes. In 15 pts antiarrhythmic drugs in monotherapy or various combinations did not prevent recurrence of tachyarrhythmias. In 4 of 5 other pts only amiodarone was effective but the drug was discontinued due to serious adverse effects. The lack of good effect of antiarrhythmic drug therapy can be based on mutually unfavorable electrophysiologic properties of the accessory pathways and other heart structures. Pts who experienced syncope had a particularly short effective refractory period (ERP) of the accessory pathways in ante- and retro-grade direction and short ERP of the ventricle muscle. Additionally, there were multiple accessory pathways, heart muscle impairement and frequent ventricular premature beats--factors triggering the tachyarrhythmias.

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The authors have compared the anti-arrhythmic activity and tolerance of disopyramide and amiodarone in the treatment of ventricular extrasystoles (VES) by using two quantitative methods of assessment. The stability of the rhythmic disorder was confirmed by two control Holter recordings in 20 patients without treatment, 16 of whom were bearers of an organic cardiopathy. The ventricular extrasystole was greater than 90 VES/hour in 18 patients. After the first control, Holter recording, each patient was treated successively with 400 mg of disopyramide/day in 4 doses for average period of 31 days, then a second Holter control recording without treatment, then 600 mg/day of amiodarone for 8 days followed by a maintenance dose varying from 200 to 400 mg/day: this second period of treatment lasted for an average of 38 days. The reduction of the number of VES was greater than 65 percent (SAMI criterion) in 2 of the 20 patients treated with disopyramide and in 13 of the 20 patients treated with amiodarone. Using the method of variance analysis, disopyramide was found to be efficacious in 5 cases out of 20 and amiodarone in 15 cases out of 20. Both methods indicate that the greater efficacy of amiodarone is statistically significant (p less than 0.01). All of those who did not respond to amiodarone were also non-responders to disopyramide.

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The acidic dissociation constants of several hydrophobic drugs, amiodarone and a series of antidepressants that show a secondary or tertiary amino group, were determined in a 50% methanol/water mixture by capillary zone electrophoresis. The electrophoretic behavior of buffers prepared from sodium acetate, tris(hydroxymethyl) aminomethane hydrochloride, sodium hydrogenphosphate, ammonium chloride, ethanolamine, butilammonium chloride, and sodium borate in the hydroalcoholic solution was tested. Thus, all of them follow the Ohm's law until about 25 kV and, therefore, they can be used without significant Joule heat dissipation at 20 kV. For the studied drugs, buffers prepared with phosphate or borate give effective mobility measurements lower than those from other buffers. The wide pKa range of the studied drugs provides a wide pH range where the protonated forms of the amino compounds coexist with hydrogenphosphate ions and where the neutral amines coexist with boric acid. The decrease of the experimental effective mobilities in these instances can be explained through the interactions between coexisting species. Therefore, phosphate and borate buffers should be avoided to determine the mobility of amines with aqueous pKa higher than 8, at least in solutions with high methanol content. Independent measurements of acidic dissociation constants of drugs validate this statement.

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Serum free T4, free T3, and TSH concentrations were measured at booking, during KClO4 treatment and after withdrawing the drug.

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To discuss the role of amiodarone for the maintenance of normal sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and review the clinical trial data evaluating the efficacy and safety of amiodarone in patients with AF.

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In this cohort of severe heart failure patients both clinical status and EF stably improve over time with a strikingly low incidence of hospitalizations for heart failure (0.13/patient-years) and the arrhythmic risk can be controlled by medical therapy and/or on-request ACD implantation.

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To assess prospectively whether preimplantation B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and C reactive protein (CRP) concentrations predict future appropriate therapies from an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD).

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Under control conditions, monophasic action potentials from both the (potentially) ischaemic and non-ischaemic regions were comparable, dispersion of repolarisation was minimal, and repetitive ventricular firing could not be induced. Coronary ligation significantly decreased monophasic action potential duration and increased rise time in the ischaemic, but not in the non-ischaemic, regions. Dispersion of repolarisation increased markedly. Repetitive ventricular firing could be induced in all dogs. "Low dose" amiodarone caused a much greater prolongation of repolarisation duration at ischaemic than at non-ischaemic sites. Dispersion of repolarisation decreased virtually to control levels and repetitive firing could no longer be induced in six of seven dogs. "High dose" amiodarone increased ischaemic region repolarisation duration and rise time relative to the non-ischaemic region to an even greater extent than the "low" dose, with the result that dispersion of repolarisation increased rather than decreased and repetitive ventricular firing again became inducible.

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To determine the rate and severity of phlebitis in patients given peripherally infused amiodarone.

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The role that the new antiarrhythmic agents, such as verapamil and amiodarone, might play in the therapeutic strategy of tachycardia-induced fetal heart failure remains to be determined.

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cordarone drug classification 2015-09-05

Drug-induced interstitial pneumonias are systematically considered in the differential diagnosis of the interstitial pneumonias. The presentation may be acute, sub-acute or chronic, with the same drug possibly leading to either acute or subacute/chronic interstitial lung disease (e.g. amiodarone). There is no definite diagnostic criterion, the final diagnosis relying on the clinical and imaging features, the chronology of pulmonary manifestations, and the prevalence of reported cases with the suspected drug. buy cordarone

cordarone overdose 2016-05-23

After cardioversion of chronic atrial fibrillation, (1) atrial ERP adaptation to rate buy cordarone was normal or nearly normal in the majority of the cases, (2) a significant dispersion of refractoriness between different right atrial sites was present, and (3) ERPs were significantly increased after 4 weeks of sinus rhythm in both washout and amiodarone patients.

cordarone 100 tablet 2016-10-05

Concomitant cardiopulmonary diseases, lower pO buy cordarone (2), pCO(2) and extent of surgery increase the risk of postoperative SA after lung resection for non-small cell lung cancer. Cardiac monitoring in patients at risk is recommended. Amiodarone was both safe and effective in establishing and maintaining sinus rhythm.

cordarone renal dose 2015-03-11

Atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, AV-nodal reentry tachycardia with rapid ventricular response buy cordarone , atrial ectopic tachycardia, and preexcitation syndromes combined with atrial fibrillation or ventricular tachyarrhythmias are typical arrhythmias in intensive care patients. Most frequently, the diagnosis of the underlying arrhythmia is possible from the physical examination, the response to maneuvers or drugs, and the 12-lead surface electrocardiogram. In all patients with unstable hemodynamics, immediate DC-cardioversion is indicated. Conversion of atrial fibrillation to sinus rhythm is possible using antiarrhythmic drugs. Amiodarone has a conversion rate in atrial fibrillation of up to 80%. However, caution in the use of short-term administration of intravenous amiodarone in critically ill patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation is absolutely necessary, and the duration of therapy should not exceed 24 to 48 hours. Ibutilide represents a relatively new class III antiarrhythmic agent that has been reported to have conversion rates of 50% to 70%; it seems that ibutilide is even successful when intravenous amiodarone failed to convert atrial fibrillation.

cordarone 400 mg 2016-03-11

Patients included had at least one warfarin cDDI alert. Chart reviews included baseline laboratory buy cordarone values and demographics, provider actions, patient outcomes, and associated factors, including other interacting medications and number of simultaneously processed alerts.

cordarone tablets 200mg 2016-07-08

At initial study 61 patients were inducible into sustained ventricular arrhythmias. After revascularization, in 62 survivors, 52 out of 59 patients previously inducible buy cordarone were still inducible (group A), and 10 patients were noninducible (group B). No differences were found in clinical, hemodynamic, therapeutic and electrophysiological characteristics between both groups. During 32 +/- 26 months follow-up, 28/52 patients in group A (54%) and 4/10 patients in group B (40%) had arrhythmic events (p = 0.46). An ejection fraction <30% predicted recurrent arrhythmic events (p = 0.02), but not the presence of demonstrable ischemia before revascularization (p = 0.42), amiodarone (p = 0.69) or beta-adrenergic blocking agent therapy (p = 0.53). Total mortality was 10% in both groups.

cordarone drug class 2015-09-06

Amiodarone decreased long-term and sudden cardiac mortality after myocardial infarction only in patients with preserved buy cordarone left ventricular function. No benefit was observed in patients with decreased ejection fraction.

cordarone cold medicine 2016-01-01

Ablation of isthmus-dependent atrial flutter in patients previously medicated with antiarrhythmic drugs may cause functional isthmus block during ablation, and subsequent buy cordarone discontinuation of therapy may lead to incomplete isthmus block (and recurrence). This may be particularly important if the drugs previously used have long plasma half-lives (and washout periods). The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the recurrence rate of isthmus-dependent atrial flutter was greater in patients previously medicated with antiarrhythmic drugs and whether there were differences in recurrence rate with different types of antiarrhythmic drugs. During a mean follow-up of 20 +/- 7 months, we observed 57 patients with previous successful ablation of isthmus-dependent atrial flutter. This population of patients was divided into three groups according to the type or absence of previous antiarrhythmic drugs: Group 1--n = 18, patients previously medicated with amiodarone; Group 2--n = 27, patients previously medicated with drugs with short plasma half-lives (propafenone; flecainide; beta-blockers); Group 3--patients without previous antiarrhythmic medication. In all 57 patients bidirectional isthmus block was achieved after the ablation procedure; 8 mm non-irrigated tip catheters were used. During follow-up a recurrence rate of 33% was observed in Group 1 (6 recurrences in 18 patients; p < 0.05 in comparison with Groups 2 and 3); 3.7% in Group 2 (1 in 27 patients) and 0% recurrence rate in Group 3. We conclude that in our study the patients previously medicated with amiodarone had a higher recurrence rate of the arrhythmia compared to patients not previously medicated with antiarrhythmic drugs or medicated with antiarrhythmics with short plasma half-lives.

cordarone iv dose 2015-03-04

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) accounts for approximately one-third of all deaths in patients with heart failure, and is generally the result of ventricular tachycardia (VT) and/or ventricular fibrillation (VF). The mechanisms of VT/VF associated with heart failure are complex and heterogeneous; they include functional and structural remodeling, as well as neurohormonal activation. The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator is very useful for preventing SCD, but the improvement of outcome is limited in patients with cardiac dysfunction and advanced heart failure. This article reviews the current status of drug therapy for the treatment of VT/VF in patients with heart failure. Chronic beta-blocker therapy reduces SCD and improves survival. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin-receptor blockers and aldosterone antagonists are thought to reduce SCD by preventing ventricular remodeling. Amiodarone is potentially effective for preventing VT/VF in patients at high risk, especially those with nonischemic heart failure. This may be a result of the complex pharmacodynamics of amiodarone, which affects many kinds of ion channels/transporters, as well as thyroid function. The pure buy cordarone class III antiarrhythmic drug, nifekalant, is useful in the emergency treatment of VT/VF.

cordarone tablet dose 2015-08-26

To study the effects of allitridi (an active constituent of Allium sativum L.) and amiodarone on the conduction system buy cordarone and on reverse use-dependence in the isolated hearts of normal rats and rats with myocardial infarction (MI).

cordarone 10 mg 2017-06-05

Several randomized clinical trials have been designed to evaluate the usefulness of prophylactic implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) therapy in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy. In 2 trials, CAT and AMIOVIRT, no survival benefit was reported for patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and prophylactic ICD therapy. The major limitation of both trials buy cordarone is the small sample size of 104 patients in CAT and 103 patients in AMIOVIRT. Another limitation of both trials is the lack of a run-in phase on optimized medical therapy. Since LV function may improve considerably on optimized medical therapy, LV function should be reevaluated 3 to 4 months after initiation of ACE inhibitors, ss-blockers and aldosterone antagonists before prophylactic ICD therapy is considered. Two additional trials, DEFINITE and SCD-HEFT, are still ongoing. Particularly SCD-HEFT will follow a sufficient number of patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy to give a more definitive answer with regard to the clinical usefulness of prophylactic ICDs in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Recently, the Marburg Cardiomyopathy study (MACAS) was finished. The results of MACAS strongly suggest that reduced LV ejection fraction is the most important arrhythmia risk predictor in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, whereas signal-averaged ECG, baroreflex sensitivity, heart rate variability and T wave alternans do not appear to be helpful for arrhythmia risk stratification. In addition, MACAS showed that total mortality in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy and an ejection fraction <30% is only about 5% per year on optimized medical therapy after exclusion of patients with end stage heart failure and after exclusion of patients with sustained ventricular arrhythmias. Thus, any future study designed to demonstrate a mortality benefit by prophylactic ICD therapy with an 80% power in this patient population needs to enroll more than 1000 patients.

cordarone dosing 2017-05-24

The first case was a 59-year-old man complaining from insidious monocular loss of vision within ten months of initiating amiodarone. Funduscopy and optical coherence tomography showed bilateral optic disc edema. The second case was a 72-year-old man presenting with a decrease in visual acuity in his left eye for a month. Funduscopy showed a left optic nerve edema, and fluorescein angiography showed bilateral papillitis. In both cases, the clinical presentation was not suggestive of ischemic neuropathy, because of the preservation of visual acuity and the insidious onset. In addition, both cardiovascular and inflammatory work-up were normal. An amiodarone-associated neuropathy was suspected, and amiodarone was discontinued with the approval of the cardiologist buy cordarone , with complete regression of the papilledema and a stabilization of visual symptoms.

cordarone brand name 2015-07-29

In light of the large number of patients who receive these contrast agents during cardiac catheterization, clinicians should be advised Viagra Online Prescription of this potentially serious complication, particularly in the setting of unstable cardiac disease.

cordarone medicine 2015-01-13

PG algorithm-guided warfarin anticoagulation is beneficial for the reduction of Levitra Online Pharmacy both major bleeding and thromboembolic events compared with standard dosing strategy. The benefits may be prominent in patients with longer follow-up time, or guided by refined PG algorithms.

cordarone drug interactions 2017-11-09

Data collected in this study showed that, sotalol and amiodarone as well as a prolonged cross-clamp time may slightly influence the 23% incidence of postoperative AVB. The morphological investigation showed that the AV node artery runs in close proximity to the annulus in 23% of cases. We speculate that damage of the AV node artery may play a role in development Cleocin Drug Interactions of AVB.

cordarone iv dosing 2017-10-12

There is a Tricor Mg subset of patients who suffer a witnessed ventricular fibrillation (VF) arrest and despite receiving reasonable care with medications (epinephrine and amiodarone) and multiple defibrillations (3+ attempts at 200 joules of biphasic current) remain in refractory VF (RVF), also known as electrical storm. The mortality for these patients is as high as 97%. We present the case of a patient who, with a novel approach, survived RVF to outpatient follow up.

cordarone 150 mg 2017-02-05

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) accounts for more than 300,000 deaths annually in the United States alone. The utility of antiarrhythmic drugs in survivors of SCD (secondary prevention) is limited because of their incomplete efficacy and long-term toxicity. Efforts to target primary prevention of SCD have focused on left ventricular dysfunction in conjunction with congestive heart failure. Antiarrhythmic drugs are not able to decrease mortality in this patient population either; Zocor 40 Mg in fact, certain drugs may actually increase overall mortality. In both primary and secondary prevention patients, only implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation is associated with improved survival. Antiarrhythmic drugs like azimilide, dofetilide, sotalol, and amiodarone can be used as adjunct treatment for management of atrial arrhythmias and to decrease implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shocks. There is an unmet need for more effective and less toxic antiarrhythmic medications.

cordarone generic 2015-01-15

Age, male sex, pre-existing ischaemic heart disease, increasing heart rate, creatinine concentration, and certain drugs taken at randomisation were markers of increased risk of all cause mortality and cardiovascular death. There were risk markers for sudden death that Clomid Alcohol were different from the risk markers for death from chronic heart failure. Low systolic blood pressure at baseline, raised creatinine, reduced serum sodium or haemoglobin, and increased heart rate were associated with chronic heart failure death. Use of beta blockers or antiarrhythmic agents (mainly amiodarone) was associated with a reduced risk of sudden death, whereas long acting nitrates and previous use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors were markers for increased risk.

cordarone 60 mg 2015-04-14

The long-term cardiac effects of amiodarone resemble many aspects of hypothyroidism. The anti-arrhythmic potential of amiodarone may therefore be the result of a drug-induced, local hypothyroid-like condition. To investigate this controversial issue, we compared gene expression profiles in the hearts of rats treated with amiodarone with those of rats with hypothyroidism. Wistar male rats were assigned to 3 groups (n=6-8): Control, systemic hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism) and amiodarone treatment (amiodarone, 150 mg/kg/day, p.o., 4 weeks). Electrocardiogram (ECG) recordings, gene profiling by DNA microarray and Northern blotting were carried out. Amiodarone, like hypothyroidism, caused significant prolongation of RR and QT intervals in ECGs. Microarray analysis of 8435 genes in the left ventricular myocardium revealed a significant similarity in expression profiles between hypothyroidism and amiodarone (R=0.63, p<0.00001). The gene expression profiles of hypothyroidism and amiodarone showed closer correlation when top 100 up-regulated and 100 down-regulated genes in hypothyroidism (total 200 genes) were analyzed (R=0.78, p<0.00001). Northern blots of left ventricular myocardium Zofran Mg showed a parallel decrease in mRNAs for myosin heavy chain (MHC)-alpha and a parallel increase for myosin heavy chain (MHC)-beta in hypothyroidism and amiodarone. In the liver and pituitary, in contrast, Northern blots showed quite different changes in the transcripts of the representative T3-responsive genes in the hypothyroidism and amiodarone. In conclusion, long-term treatment with amiodarone causes cardioselective hypothyroid-like alterations in gene expression profiles. The potent anti-arrhythmic activity of amiodarone may be attributable, in part at least, to this unique transcriptional remodeling.

cordarone oral dose 2015-12-30

The use of US during mitral valve operation in patients with Levaquin Dosing Pneumonia CAF allowed for easy and rapid reestablishment of the sinus rhythm. This technique modifies and makes the Maze procedure easier, decreases surgical time and the incidence of postoperative complications.

cordarone drug action 2017-07-17

The overall percentage of agreement (PoA) and κ statistics for use of conventional 99mTc-STS for diagnosis of AIT improved from 47 to 80% and from 0.30 to 0.67 following the use of quantitative TBR displayed on a time-activity curve with reference to a normal population. Interobserver reliability improved substantially under all diagnostic comparisons, particularly for differentiation of either AIT I (PoA 80% to 94%, κ: 0.48 to 0. Elavil Maximum Dosage 84) or AIT Ind (PoA 47% to 82%, κ: -0.05 to 0.51) from other types of AIT.

cordarone online 2015-09-28

A total of 338 patients were evaluated of which 175 (51.8%) received an ACEI or ARB preoperatively and 163 (48.2%) did not. The study population was 65.7+/-9.1 years of age, 77.8% were male, 11.2% underwent valve surgery, 3 Precose Reviews .6% had prior AF, 10.1% had heart failure and 84.0 and 37.9% received postoperative beta-blockade and prophylactic amiodarone, respectively. In total, 110 (32.5%) patients developed POAF. Upon multivariate logistic regression, the preoperative use of an ACEI or ARB was not found to be associated with a statistically significant reduction in POAF (adjusted odds ratio; 0.71, 95% CIs 0.42-1.20).

cordarone 300 mg 2016-03-11

We examined the effects of amiodarone (5-20 microM) on both whole-cell inward rectifier potassium current (IK1) and single IK1 channel activity in isolated guinea pig ventricular myocytes using patch-clamp techniques. In whole-cell voltage-clamp experiments (n = 8), amiodarone (10-20 microM) caused only a small reduction of outward current at -50 mV (12 +/- 6%, no significant difference, N.S.). However, inward current was significantly reduced at -120 mV (21 +/- 7%; P < .05). When CdCl2 (100 microM) and tetrodotoxin (10 microM) were used to block inward Ca++ and Na+ current, respectively, amiodarone significantly reduced IK1 in both the inward (14 +/- 5% at -120 mV; P < .02) and outward (12 +/- 5% at -50 mV; P < .05; n = 11) directions. However, block required high drug concentrations (10-20 microM) and was slow in onset. In contrast, amiodarone did not affect membrane current when IK1 had been previously blocked by Ba++ (5 mM). In inside-out patch-clamp experiments, amiodarone (5 microM) reduced single IK1 channel open probability by increasing interburst interval (from 0.6 +/- 0.03 to 3.1 +/- 0.9 sec; n = 5; P < .05) with no significant difference in the duration of mean open and closed times or the number of shut events within a burst. The net result was that there was only a small change in both burst duration and single-channel kinetics within a burst. Complete channel block occurred after the increase in interburst interval (n = 6 of six cells).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) Medicine Zyrtec

cordarone heart medicine 2017-07-13

The purpose of this article is to summarize and critique recently completed and ongoing clinical trials assessing the prophylactic use of amiodarone in patients with potentially life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. Three of the trials compare amiodarone with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator.

cordarone 50 mg 2017-03-16

Using a rabbit ear model and techniques developed previously (1) the relationship between injection rate and injection phlebitis is investigated for amiodarone HCl and its vehicle. A number of injection rates ranging from 0.02 to 3.0 ml/min are studied using this model. Thermal measurements and visual evaluations are used for phlebitis quantitation. The severity of phlebitis is found to be dependent upon the injection rate for amiodarone HCl while the vehicle did not produce phlebitis at any rate. Strong correlations between the thermal measurements and visual evaluations are found for both amiodarone HCl and its vehicle.

cordarone cost 2017-06-04

To describe clinical features and pharmacological treatments of a population-based cohort of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation and ascertain whether they are comparable with those included in the three main phase III clinical trials on NOACs.

cordarone loading dose 2015-11-22

Amiodarone, a class III antiarrhythmic agent, is a potent coronary vasodilator. However, direct evidence for its vasodilatory effects in human vasculature in vivo is not available. The aim of the study was to investigate the short-term effects of amiodarone in preconstricted human hand veins and to explore the underlying mechanisms.

cordarone drug card 2016-12-02

Serum total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were measured in 12 patients before and 3.6 and 9 months after treatment with amiodarone. In addition, we monitored serum T4, T3, reverse T3 and TSH levels. Amiodarone and its desethyl metabolite levels were measured on each occasion. Serum total cholesterol and T4 levels rose from 5.95 mmol/l, and 102.7 mmol/l respectively at baseline to 6.95 and 115.8 at 6 months and reverse T3 increased at 3, 6 and 9 months from baseline. Serum triglycerides did not change. No relationship existed between cholesterol, T4 and T3 and amiodarone (or its metabolite) levels nor between cholesterol and thyroid hormone levels. These data demonstrate that amiodarone therapy is associated with an elevation in serum cholesterol. This may have clinical implications in view of the current widespread use of the drug.

cordarone generic name 2015-11-28

The negative siRNA control and siRNA sequence 1 had no inhibitory effects on the IK(ACh) channel. siRNA sequences 2 and 3 could cause a significant decrease in KCNJ5 gene expression, Kir3.4 protein, and IK(ACh) currents (p<0.05). Amiodarone could inhibit the IK(ACh) currents but had no effect on KCNJ5 gene expression and Kir3.4 protein.

cordarone tablets 2015-11-03

This investigation provides extensive data on incidence of clinical and subclinical thyroid dysfunction and its different forms in an iodine sufficient area.