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Benicar (Olmesartan)
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Benicar

Benicar is used for treating high blood pressure, alone or with other medicines. It may also be used for other conditions.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Lasix, Norvasc, Toprol, Hyzaar, Teveten, Edarbi, Cozaar, Atacand, Micardis

 

Also known as:  Olmesartan.

Description

Benicar is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. It works by inhibiting the action of a chemical transmitter (angiotensin II) and allowing the blood vessels to dilate (widen) and the kidneys to eliminate extra sodium and fluids. These actions combine to help lower blood pressure.

Generic name of Benicar is Olmesartan.

Benicar is also known as Olmesartan, Olmetec, Olmezest, Olmecip.

Brand name of Benicar is Benicar.

Dosage

Take Benicar orally with or without food.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Benicar suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Benicar and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.

Storage

Store your medicine at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children and in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Benicar are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Benicar if you are allergic to Benicar components.

Do not take Benicar if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother.

Avoid alcohol.

Avoid machine driving.

Patients who take medicine for high blood pressure often feel tired or run down for a few weeks after starting treatment.

Be careful if you use salt substitute or a product that has potassium in it.

Do not stop taking Benicar suddenly.

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A total of 1017 patients entered the open-label amlodipine monotherapy stage; mean BP at week 0 was 164/102 mmHg. After 8 weeks of amlodipine monotherapy (5 mg/day), non-responding patients (n = 755) were randomized to receive placebo plus amlodipine 5 mg or a combination of olmesartan medoxomil (10-40 mg) with amlodipine 5 mg for 8 weeks. At week 16, patients who had achieved diastolic BP (DBP) <90 mmHg and/or systolic BP (SBP) <140 mmHg continued on randomized treatment for a further 8 weeks. Patients in whom both SBP and DBP were >or=140/90 mmHg at week 16 had their medication uptitrated to olmesartan medoxomil/amlodipine 20/5 mg, olmesartan medoxomil/amlodipine 40/5 mg or olmesartan medoxomil/amlodipine 40/10 mg.

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Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonists (angiotensin receptor blockers [ARBs]) are widely used for the treatment of not only hypertension but also cardiac dysfunction. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is secreted mainly by the cardiac ventricle and plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure (BP) and body fluid. It has been established that the plasma level of BNP is increased in patients with chronic heart failure in proportion to the severity of cardiac dysfunction. Because cardiac dysfunction is closely associated with a high risk of mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus, early identification and prevention of cardiac dysfunction are important. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of olmesartan medoxomil, a novel ARB, on the plasma level of BNP in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes.

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The combination of azilsartan medoxomil/chlorthalidone has demonstrated safety and efficacy in lowering BP in hypertensive patients to a greater degree than olmesartan medoxomil/hydrochlorothiazide and azilsartan medoxomil/hydrochlorothiazide. As a fixed-dose combination tablet, it offers several clinical advantages.

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The aim of this prospective, randomized, open-label, blinded endpoint (PROBE) study was to compare the antihypertensive efficacy of 2 angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonists with different pharmacologic profiles, valsartan and olmesartan, in patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension. After an initial 2-week washout period, 114 patients (64 men, 50 women; aged 35-70 years) were randomly assigned to receive valsartan 160 mg or olmesartan 20 mg once daily for 8 weeks. After the washout period and after 2 and 8 weeks of treatment, 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) was performed using a noninvasive device, and casual blood pressure (BP) and heart rate were measured. Both olmesartan and valsartan had a clear-cut antihypertensive effect. However, significantly earlier and more pronounced antihypertensive activity was achieved with valsartan than with olmesartan, as demonstrated by (1) significantly lower 24-hour, daytime, and nighttime ABPM values after 2 weeks with valsartan (P<.01); (2) significantly lower percentage of abnormal BP readings with valsartan; (3) significantly higher trough-peak ratio and smoothness index with valsartan, suggesting a more prolonged and homogeneous antihypertensive effect; and (4) lower 24-hour postdose clinic systolic and diastolic BP values versus olmesartan. These findings show that pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic differences between AII receptor antagonists, at clinically comparable dosages, may be associated with differences in antihypertensive efficacy.

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All subjects completed the study and nobody reported serious adverse event (SAE). The 90% confidence intervals (CI) of geometric mean ratio (GMR) of log transformed Cmax, AUC0-t, and AUC0-∞ after single dose showed no DDI and claimed BE. The mean ratio of accumulation (Ra) (SD) of olmesartan and HCTZ after multiple doses of new combination formulation is 1.03 (0.182) and 0.954 (0.128).

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Clinical use of type 1 angiotensin II receptor blockers(ABRs) is rapidly increasing because of their high safety as well as excellent efficacy. Recent clinical trials have demonstrated that telmisartan at a daily dose of 20-80 mg, olmesartan medoxomil at 10-40 mg, and irbesartan at 150-300 mg are effective and safe for the treatment of essential hypertension, severe hypertension and hypertension associated with renal diseases. These ARBs are similar to ACE inhibitors in terms of antihypertensive efficacy, but lack the adverse effect of cough. Long-term effects should be compared among ARBs, ACE inhibitors, and other antihypertensive drugs.

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To assess the antiproteinuric response to multifactorial treatment based on high doses of angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs) (olmesartan) in patients with non-diabetic proteinuric nephropathies, according to three renin-angiotensin system (RAS) polymorphisms: insertion/deletion of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene, the angiotensinogen gene M235T and the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) A1166C.

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Validated RP-HPLC, HPTLC, and UV spectrophotometric methods have been developed for the simultaneous determination of atorvastatin calcium (ATV) and olmesartan medoxomil (OLM) in a pharmaceutical formulation. The RP-HPLC separation was achieved on a Kromasil C18 column (250 x 4.6 mm, 5 microm particle size) using 0.01 M potassium dihydrogen o-phosphate (pH 4 adjusted with o-phosphoric acid)-acetonitrile (50 + 50, v/v) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.5 mL/min. Quantification was achieved by UV detection at 276 nm. The HPTLC separation was achieved on precoated silica gel 60F254 plates using chloroform-methanol-acetonitrile (4 + 2+ 4, v/v/v) mobile phase. Quantification was achieved with UV detection at 276 nm. The UV-Vis spectrophotometric method was based on the simultaneous equation method that involves measurement of absorbance at two wavelengths, i.e., 255 nm (lambda max of OLM) and 246.2 nm (lambda max of ATV) in methanol. All three methods were validated as per International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. The proposed methods were simple, precise, accurate, and applicable for the simultaneous determination of ATV and OLM in a marketed formulation. The results obtained by applying the proposed methods were statistically analyzed and were found satisfactory.

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This review is based on data from published clinical efficacy and safety trials and abstracts of conference presentations. To identify appropriate English-language publications for review, MEDLINE (1966-October 2002) and EMBASE (1990-2002) were searched using the terms olmesartan medoxomil, CS-866, angiotensin II-receptor blocker, and hypertension.

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Excess amount of cytokine produced by inflammatory stimuli contributes to the progression of myocardial damage in myocarditis. Some angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonists are reported to inhibit proinflammatory cytokine production in vitro and in vivo. We tested the hypothesis that olmesartan, a novel angiotensin II receptor type 1 antagonist, ameliorated experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in rats attributing to the suppression of inflammatory cytokines in the heart. We orally administered olmesartan 1, 3, and 10 mg/kg/day to rats with EAM for 3 weeks. The results showed that olmesartan decreased blood pressure significantly compared with the untreated group, but markedly reduced the severity of myocarditis by comparing the heart weight/body weight ratio, pericardial effusion scores, macroscopic scores and microscopic scores. Myocardial interleukin (IL)- 1beta expression by western blotting and IL-1beta-positive staining cells by immunohistochemistry were significantly lower in rats with EAM given olmesartan treatment compared with those of rats given vehicle. We conclude that Olmesartan ameliorates acute EAM in rats. The cardioprotection of olmesartan may be due to suppression of inflammatory cytokines dependent of the hemodynamic modifications.

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The authors studied the combination of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 50 mg/d plus olmesartan medoxomil (OM) 40 mg/d in stage 2 systolic hypertension during an extension phase of an open-label 12-week dose titration study. Subjects whose blood pressure remained above 120/80 mm Hg (n=105) on OM 40/HCTZ 25 mg/d subsequently received OM 40/HCTZ 50 mg/d for 4 weeks. Increasing HCTZ from 25 mg/d to 50 mg/d decreased systolic blood pressure by 3.6 mm Hg, increased BP control rates (<140/90 mm Hg) from 70.4% to 77.5%, and increased BP normalization rates (<120/80 mm Hg) from 15.4% to 27.8%. The combination was well tolerated. Compared with OM 40 mg/d monotherapy, neither dose of HCTZ affected serum potassium, but both increased serum glucose by about 5%. There was a dose-dependent increase in uric acid but no acute gout attacks. OM 40/HCTZ 50 mg/d is an effective strategy for managing stage 2 systolic hypertension.

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Olmesartan was significantly associated with decreased systolic blood pressure compared with telmisartan. After 24 weeks of treatment, plasma pentosidine and CML levels were significantly decreased and serum TFR levels tended to be decreased in the olmesartan group, but remained unchanged in the telmisartan group.

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This is an additional analysis of a previously reported randomised, double-blind study in which 635 patients with mainly mild to moderate hypertension were randomised to 8 weeks of treatment with either olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg/day or candesartan cilexetil 8 mg/day. Changes from baseline during the last 4 and 2 hours of ambulatory BP measurement (ABPM) after 1, 2 and 8 weeks of treatment were compared between the two groups. In addition, the proportions of patients who achieved various ABPM goals, including those suggested by the European Society of Hypertension/European Society of Cardiology (ESH/ESC) [<125/80mm Hg] and the Japanese Society of Hypertension (JSH) [<135/80mm Hg], over 24 hours, during the daytime and at the last 4 and 2 hours of ABPM measurement were also compared.

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We investigated the relationship between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the achieved blood pressure, dietary habits and the presence/absence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in hypertensive patients treated with olmesartan medoxomil. A prospective cohort study with a 3-year follow-up was conducted in 14 721 olmesartan-naive outpatients (mean age: 64.9 years, 49.6% women) with essential hypertension. The association of CVD with achieved blood pressure, dietary habits and MetS was investigated by Cox proportional hazards analysis. There were 3059 patients (31.8%) with MetS (Japanese criteria) among 9625 evaluable patients. The mean baseline blood pressure was 157.4/88.8 mm Hg, which decreased to 134.0/76.1 mm Hg during treatment (P<0.0001). The annual incidence of CVD was 7.15 per 1000 persons during the study period. When the achieved blood pressure was stratified according to the Japanese Society of Hypertension Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension (JSH 2009), the risk of CVD increased significantly along with the severity of hypertension (P<0.0001), especially the risk of stroke. Investigation of dietary habits revealed a significant association between salt intake and the risk of stroke. Higher salt intake was associated with a significantly higher risk of stroke than lower salt intake (hazard ratio, 1.897; 95% confidence interval, 1.003-3.590). Blood pressure was well controlled in both patients with and without MetS, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of events between the two groups. In conclusion, the severity of hypertension (achieved blood pressure) is associated with the incidence of CVD, and the results of this study suggest that tight blood pressure control and salt restriction are important for preventing stroke.

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This review describes the mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, adverse-effect profile, drug-interaction potential, and dosing of olmesartan medoxomil. The results of relevant clinical efficacy and safety trials are also discussed.

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Pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated in 6 male and 6 female healthy volunteers (mean age, 22 [range, 20-25] years]; weight, 56.0 [range, 51.0-60.0] kg). Probenecid coadministration increased olmesartan Css-av, AUC0→∞, and AUC0-48 by 40%, 50%, and 50%, respectively (P = 0.018, 0.000, 0.000, respectively), but there was no statistical significance for Tmax, t1/2, Css-max, and Css-min between olmesartan plus probenecid and olmesartan alone (P = 0.697, 0.053, 0.521, and 0.734, respectively). No serious adverse event (AE) was reported during the study. The proportion of volunteers with AEs in the olmesartan plus probenecid period (5 of 12 [42%]) was higher than that in the olmesartan-alone period (1 of 12 [8%]). All of the AEs during the olmesartan plus probenecid period were abnormal routine urine test results. The AE in olmesartan-alone period was dizziness. All AEs were classified as mild and considered to be at least possibly related to treatment. All volunteers recovered from the AEs by 2 weeks after the end of the study.

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Overall, the combination of olmesartan and HCTZ is as effective as olmesartan and CCB in lowering 24-h, daytime, and night-time ambulatory BP. However, greater lowering is noted with the olmesartan and CCB combination for clinic BP. Thus, out-of-office BP monitoring is necessary to provide better assessment of overall BP and response to treatment. Women and diabetic individuals may have slightly better 24-h ambulatory BP response with the olmesartan and CCB combination therapy.

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Descriptive statistics were used to assess blood pressure and HRQoL scores over the study period. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was used to identify those factors that could possibly have influenced HRQoL. Linear regression was used to assess the relationship between changes in blood pressure and HRQoL scores.

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The corresponding 90% CIs for the geometric mean ratio of the test to reference drugs were 0.93 - 1.04, 0.93 - 1.04, and 0.95 - 1.10. For HCTZ treatments, the 90% CIs for the geometric mean ratio of test to reference drugs were 0.95 - 1.03 for AUClast, 0.96 - 1.03 for AUC∞, and 0.89 - 1.04 for Cmax.

olmesartan benicar generic

Olmesartan medoxomil (OM) is hydrolyzed to its active metabolite olmesartan by the action of aryl esterase to exert its antihypertensive actions by selectively blocking angiotensin II-AT1 receptor. Poor aqueous solubility and uncontrolled enzymatic conversion of OM to its poorly permeable olmesartan limits its oral bioavailability. The aim of the current study was to formulate a novel nanoemulsion of OM to improve its pharmacokinetics and therapeutic efficacy. The oil-in-water (o/w) nanoemulsion of OM was developed using lipoid purified soybean oil 700, sefsol 218 and solutol HS 15. We have characterized the nanoemulsions by considering their thermodynamic stability, morphology, droplet size, zeta potential and viscosity and in vitro drug release characteristics in fasting state simulated gastric fluid (pH 1.2) and intestinal fluid (pH 6.5). The thermodynamically stable nanoemulsions comprises of spherical nanometer sized droplets (<50 nm) with low polydispersity index showed enhanced permeability through the Caco-2 cell monolayer. The concentration of active olmesartan in rat plasma following oral absorption study was determined by our validated LC-MS/MS method. The result of the pharmacokinetic study showed 2.8-fold increased in area under the curve (AUC0-27) of olmesartan upon oral administration of OM nanoemulsion and sustained release profile. Subsequent, in vivo studies with nanoemulsion demonstrated better and prolonged control of experimentally induced hypertension with 3-fold reduction in conventional dose. By analysing the findings of the present investigations based on stability study, Caco-2 permeability, pharmacokinetic profile and pharmacodynamic evaluation indicated that the nanoemulsion of OM (OMF6) could significantly enhance the oral bioavailability of relatively insoluble OM contributing to improved clinical application.

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benicar user reviews 2016-06-02

The objective of this prespecified TRINITY study subgroup analysis was to assess the efficacy and safety of triple-combination treatment with olmesartan medoxomil (OM) 40 mg, amlodipine besylate (AML) 10 mg, and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg vs the component dual-combination treatments in obese (body mass index [BMI] ≥30 kg/m(2) ) and nonobese (BMI <30 kg/m(2) ) hypertensive participants. The double-blind treatment period primary end point was the least-squares (LS) mean reduction in seated diastolic BP (SeDBP) at buy benicar week 12 (end of the double-blind period). Of the 2492 randomized participants, 1555 (62.4%) had BMI ≥30 kg/m(2) . Irrespective of BMI, triple-combination treatment resulted in greater LS mean reductions in seated BP (SeBP) (≥30 kg/m(2) , 6.7-10.5/4.5-7.3 mm Hg; <30 kg/m(2) , 5.1-8.6/2.5-6.0 mm Hg [P<.005] vs dual-combination treatments for both subgroups) at week 12. Furthermore, triple-combination treatment enabled a greater proportion of participants to reach BP goal vs the dual-combination treatments (≥30 kg/m(2) , 62% vs 31%-46% [P<.0001]; <30 kg/m(2) , 69% vs 41%-55% [P<.005]) at week 12. SeBP reduction and goal attainment (≥30 kg/m(2) , 63%; <30 kg/m(2) , 67%) was maintained through week 52/early termination. Triple-combination treatment was well tolerated in both BMI subgroups.

benicar and alcohol 2016-02-02

12-week, multicenter buy benicar , double-blind, randomized, parallel-group study.

benicar 10 mg 2017-08-20

When increased in vascular tissues, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a carboxypeptidase that hydrolyzes angiotensin II to angiotensin-(1-7), may augment the growth inhibitory and vasodilatory effects of the heptapeptide. We investigated the regulation of ACE2 and angiotensin-(1-7) expression in aortas and carotid arteries of 12-wk-old male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) by determining the effect of sustained angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptor blockade with olmesartan (10 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), n = 13) compared with those that received atenolol (30 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), n = 13), hydralazine (10 mg.kg(-1).day(-1), n = 13), or vehicle (n = 21). Systolic blood pressures were approximately 30% lower (P < 0.05) in rats treated for 2 wk with buy benicar olmesartan compared with vehicle-treated rats. Both atenolol and hydralazine produced similar decreases in systolic blood pressure. ACE2 mRNA in the thoracic aorta of olmesartan-treated rats (n = 8) was fivefold greater (P < 0.05) than that in vehicle-treated rats (n = 16), whereas atenolol (n = 8) or hydralazine (n = 8) had no effect. Immunostaining intensities in rats treated with olmesartan (n = 5) were also associated with increased (P < 0.05) ACE2 and angiotensin-(1-7) in thoracic aorta media compared with vehicle-treated rats. In contrast, immunostaining intensities for both ACE2 and angiotensin-(1-7) were not different from vehicle (n = 5) in carotid arteries of SHR medicated with either atenolol (n = 5) or hydralazine (n = 5). A comparison of vessel wall dimensions showed that olmesartan selectively reduced the thoracic aorta media-to-lumen ratio (P < 0.05) and media thickness (P < 0.05) without an effect on carotid artery morphometry. Compared with vehicle-treated SHR, vascular hypertrophy determined from media and lumen measurements was not changed in SHR given either atenolol or hydralazine. These data represent the first report of ACE2 and angiotensin-(1-7) expression in the aorta and carotid arteries of SHR. Increased ACE2 and angiotensin-(1-7) in association with altered dimensions of the thoracic aorta but not carotid arteries in response to olmesartan treatment provides evidence that this pathway is regulated by AT(1) receptors and may be important in mediating the pressure-independent vascular remodeling effects of angiotensin peptides.

benicar generic equivalent 2015-11-20

This preliminary randomized prospective study included 24 hypertensive patients on HD who were treated with candesartan (8 mg/day). The patients were buy benicar randomly assigned to an olmesartan (20 mg/day, n = 12) or a telmisartan (40 mg/day, n = 12) group and followed up 24 weeks. Blood pressure was monitored before each HD session, and plasma pentosidine, N-(epsilon)-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML), serum malondialdehyde-low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-sensitive CRP, and serum total free radical (TFR) were measured at baseline, and at 4, 12, and 24 weeks.

benicar hct medication 2016-07-29

Advantages of the new angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) include once daily dosing, an absence of significant adverse reactions, well tolerated side effect profile and cost effectiveness. A growing realization is their beneficial pleotropic effects. Antihypertensive agents are widely used to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events partly beyond that of blood pressure-lowering. The RAAS, and its primary mediator Ang II, also have a direct influence on the progression of the atherosclerotic process via effects on buy benicar endothelial function, inflammation, fibrinolytic balance, and plaque stability. For patients at high cardiovascular risk based on the results of the ONTARGET and TRANSCEND studies, telmisartan is indicated for cardiovascular prevention. Studies have shown that olmesartan medoxomil treatment may slow the progression of atherosclerosis and postpone albuminuria thereby potentially improving CV outcomes.

olmesartan benicar cost 2015-06-03

Endpoints evaluated in this analysis were the change from baseline in mean seated cuff BP (SeBP), proportions of buy benicar patients achieving SeBP goals, and distribution of SeBP reductions.

benicar max dose 2015-10-09

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benicar water pill 2015-12-10

We conducted a retrospective longitudinal survey of blood glucose and HbA1c measurements in Japanese patients aged >or=20 years with newly diagnosed hypertension but without diabetes, who had received buy benicar ARB monotherapy with candesartan cilexetil, losartan potassium, olmesartan medoxomil, telmisartan, or valsartan during the period from December 2004 to November 2005. Data including 2465 measurements of non-fasting blood glucose in 485 patients and 457 measurements of HbA1c in 155 patients were obtained from electronic medical records of Nihon University School of Medicine. Linear mixed effects models were used to analyze the relationship between these longitudinal data of blood examinations and covariates of patient age, sex, medication, and duration of ARB therapy.

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Remodeling in the abdominal aortic wall results in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation. Many patients with AAA are prescribed antihypertensive drugs. However, the effects of antihypertensive drugs other than their effects on blood pressure control are rarely reported. In this study, we investigated the effects of these drugs on changes in the levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and on AAA formation. Experimental AAAs were created in a hamster model by wrapping the abdominal aorta with elastase gauze. Olmesartan medoxomil (angiotensin II receptor antagonist) or azelnidipine (calcium channel antagonist) was administered to the hamsters and then we evaluated the aortic diameter, performed histological analysis, and analyzed the production of MMP-2 and MMP-9 by gelatin zymography. The expansion rate of the aortic diameter was smaller in both treatment groups than in the control group. buy benicar Elastica van Gieson (EVG) staining showed structural preservation of elastin lamellae in both treatment groups. The active MMP-9 level decreased in both the olmesartan group and the azelnidipine group. Reducing MMP-9 production is important for suppression of AAA formation. Both olmesartan medoxomil and azelnidipine decreased MMP-9 activity, which suppressed degradation of the MMPs and inhibited AAA formation. There are different cascades that determine the production of MMP-9.

benicar 10mg medication 2016-10-24

To assess the efficacy and safety of the novel angiotensin II antagonist olmesartan medoxomil in patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension buy benicar , using a meta-analysis of the combined database from seven US and European clinical trials.

benicar recommended dosage 2016-02-03

ARBs severely suppressed lymphocyte proliferation buy benicar and interferon-gamma production in mice immunized with OVA or type II collagen in CFA. Olmesartan also suppressed lymphocyte proliferation in mice immunized with ovalbumin in alum. In the CIA model, olmesartan reduced the mean arthritis score and the incidence of severe arthritis, even when it was administered only after disease onset. Histopathologic findings for joint destruction were improved in olmesartan-treated mice.

benicar pill 2017-08-12

We investigated the effects of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (temocapril) and an angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (olmesartan) on changes in myocardial sympathetic nervous activity, fatty acid metabolism and myocardial blood flow using 131I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine, 125I-beta-methyl-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid and 99mTc-tetrofosmin, respectively, in rats with isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent isoproterenol administration (3 mg/kg per day) for 1 week by osmotic mini-pump. The hearts were excised and analyzed for the uptake of meta-iodobenzylguanidine. Beta-methyl-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid and tetrofosmin in 11 segments in four groups; sham group (saline), isoproterenol group (isoproterenol alone), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor group (isoproterenol and temocapril), and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker group (isoproterenol and olmesartan). Isoproterenol significantly increased the heart weight compared with the sham group, whereas it was significantly blunted in the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker groups. The ratio of the percent kilogram dose per gram of meta-iodobenzylguanidine to tetrofosmin, an index of myocardial sympathetic nervous activity, was significantly decreased in the isoproterenol group (0.18 +/- 0.01) compared with the sham group (0.41 +/- 0.03). Importantly, these changes were significantly improved in the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (0.28 +/- 0.01) and the angiotensin II buy benicar type 1 receptor blocker groups (0.32 +/- 0.01). The ratio of the percent kilogram dose per gram of beta-methyl-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid to tetrofosmin, an index of myocardial fatty acid metabolism, was significantly decreased in the isoproterenol group (1.30 +/- 0.03) compared with the sham group (1.60 +/- 0.10). In contrast, there were no significant differences in beta-methyl-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid to tetrofosmin ratios between the sham and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor groups, or the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker group. Cardiac hypertrophy induced by chronic beta-adrenergic stimulation is accompanied by impairment of sympathetic nervous activity and fatty acid metabolism. These abnormalities are effectively prevented by the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and the angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker.

benicar generic brand 2015-11-06

Reversal of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy is an important goal of antihypertensive therapy. This phase 3b study compared the ability of the angiotensin receptor blocker olmesartan medoxomil with the calcium channel blocker amlodipine besylate to induce regression of LV hypertrophy and vascular hypertrophy after achieving blood pressure (BP) goal. After a washout phase, 102 patients with hypertension and LV hypertrophy were randomized to olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg/day, up titrated to 40 mg/day, or amlodipine 5 mg/day, up titrated to 10 mg/day, for up to 4 weeks until a BP goal of <140/90 mm Hg (<130/85 mm Hg for diabetes) was achieved (hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg/day and terazosin 1 to 5 mg/day buy benicar 2 times/day could be added if needed). Upon achieving the BP goal or by week 8, and again at weeks 26 and 52, assessments of LV mass and compliance and arterial structure and function were performed by echocardiography, Doppler flow, and arterial ultrasonography, respectively. There was no statistically significant percent change in LV mass at 52 weeks in either treatment group (11.6% with olmesartan medoxomil vs 2.9% with amlodipine) and no statistically significant difference between treatment groups. There were no significant changes in LV compliance or carotid or femoral artery wall-to-lumen ratios in either treatment group at 52 weeks. In conclusion, there did not appear to be a clinically significant BP-independent effect with olmesartan medoxomil or amlodipine on LV mass decrease, diastolic function or vascular structure, and compliance in patients with hypertension and LV hypertrophy.

benicar tabs 2017-10-19

Eighty-nine buy benicar healthy volunteers and 383 hypertensive patients.

benicar reviews 2016-01-01

In this prospective, open-label, dose-titration study, patients with uncontrolled BP after at least 1 month of antihypertensive monotherapy were switched to fixed-dose AML/OM 5/20 mg. Patients were uptitrated to AML/OM 5/40 and 10/40 mg, with uptitration to AML/OM + hydrochlorothiazide 10/40 + 12.5 mg and 10/40 + 25 mg to achieve target BP. The primary efficacy endpoint was the cumulative proportion of patients achieving seated cuff systolic BP (SeSBP) less than 140 mmHg (<130 mmHg in patients with diabetes mellitus) at 12 weeks. Secondary endpoints included SeBP goal rates, ambulatory BP (ABP) target Prilosec Usual Dosage rates, and mean change from baseline in seated cuff BP (SeBP) and ABP at weeks 12 and 20.

benicar medicine 2017-01-13

There is evidence that the activation of renal angiotensin (Ang)-II plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetic kidney diseases (DN) via the ER stress-induced renal apoptosis. Since, the potential negative role of Ang-II in the pathogenesis of ER stress-mediated apoptosis is poorly understood; we evaluated whether treatment of mice with AT-1R specific blocker, olmesartan is associated with the reduction of ER stress-induced renal apoptosis in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic animal model. We employed western blot analysis to measure the renal protein expressions level of NADPH oxidase subunits, ER chaperone GRP78 and the ER-associated apoptosis proteins. Furthermore, TUNEL staining was used to measure the renal apoptosis. Additionally, dihydroethidium staining and TBARS assay, and immunohistochemistry were performed to measure the renal superoxide radical production and lipid peroxidation, and activation of an Ang-II, respectively. The diabetic kidney mice were found to have increased protein expressions of NADPH oxidase subunits, GRP78 and ER-associated apoptosis proteins, such as TRAF2, IRE-1α, CHOP, p-JNK and procaspase-12, in comparison to normal mice, and which were significantly blunted by the olmesartan treatment in diabetic kidney mice. Furthermore, the diabetic kidney mice were found to have significant increment in renal apoptosis, superoxide radical production, MDA level and activation of an Ang-II and which were also attenuated by the Hytrin 1 Mg olmesartan treatment. Considering all the findings, it is suggested that the AT-1R specific blocker-olmesartan treatment could be a potential therapy in treating ER stress-induced renal apoptosis via the modulation of AT-1R/CHOP-JNK-Caspase12 pathway in STZ-induced diabetic mice.

benicar overdose 2016-05-26

All studies used conventional sphygmomanometry for blood pressure measurements at trough (end of the dosing interval). Three studies also used 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring Periactin Liquid Dosage for the principal efficacy evaluations.

benicar tab 20mg 2017-08-14

The objective of this study was to Avapro 150 Mg compare the antihypertensive efficacy and safety of the angiotensin II antagonist olmesartan medoxomil and the ACE inhibitor ramipril in elderly patients with mild to moderate essential hypertension, grouped according to renal function.

benicar drug interactions 2017-02-04

Effective treatment of hypertension is a key strategy for preventing Cymbalta Tablets Pictures and reducing the burden of hypertension-related cardiovascular diseases. In spite of these well-established concepts, hypertension remains poorly controlled, worldwide. Among the different pharmacological strategies required to improve blood pressure (BP) control, a more extensive use of combination therapy is progressively emerging as a cornerstone of a more effective treatment of hypertension. Among different drug combinations currently available for the clinical management of hypertension, those based on the association of drugs inhibiting the renin-angiotensin system, thiazide diuretics and calcium channel blockers have demonstrated to be very effective in lowering both systolic and diastolic, clinic and 24-h ambulatory BP levels with a good tolerability and safety profile.

benicar dosage 5mg 2015-07-25

These findings suggest that pressure overload by TAC induces prolonged ER stress, which may contribute to cardiac myocyte Diamox Medication apoptosis during progression from cardiac hypertrophy to failure.

benicar dosage range 2017-03-28

To investigate the neointima formation and the expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein Requip Drug -1 (MCP-1) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in cuff-induced vascular injury in mouse model, and to examine the effect of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) blocker, olmesartan, on MCP-1 and TNF-alpha expression and consequently vascular remodeling.

benicar normal dosage 2016-02-07

The aim of this study was to investigate any influence on olmesartan plasma pharmacokinetics from amlodipine or atenolol. We analysed pharmacokinetics and safety of olmesartan medoxomil in combination with either amlodipine or atenolol compared to respective monotherapies in two separate studies. In one study, 18 subjects received once daily treatment for 7 days with olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg alone or with amlodipine 5 mg or amlodipine 5 mg alone. In the other study, atenolol 50 mg once daily replaced amlodipine. Concentration vs. time profiles for olmesartan monotherapy were similar to combination therapy. Mean olmesartan AUC(ss,tau) for olmesartan alone and with amlodipine were 2439 and 2388 ng h/mL and for olmesartan alone and with atenolol were 2340 and 2247 ng h/mL. Corresponding olmesartan C(ss,max) values were 465.7 and 439.5 ng/mL for amlodipine, and 447.4 and 423.8 ng/mL for atenolol. Median t(max) values for olmesartan were 1.5 h for each group in each study. Bioequivalence was established for all pharmacokinetic parameters. Lack of significant pharmacokinetic interactions between olmesartan and amlodipine or atenolol provides a basis for combination therapy.

benicar 5 mg 2015-08-19

The implication of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and of diabetic and uremic complications has stimulated a search for AGE inhibitors. This study evaluates the AGE inhibitory potential of several well-tolerated hypotensive drugs. Olmesartan, an angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AIIR) antagonist, as well as temocaprilat, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, unlike nifedipine, a calcium blocker, inhibit in vitro the formation of two AGE, pentosidine and N(epsilon)-carboxymethyllysine (CML), during incubation of nonuremic diabetic, nondiabetic uremic, or diabetic uremic plasma or of BSA fortified with arabinose. This effect is shared by all tested AIIR antagonists and ACE inhibitors. On an equimolar basis, they are more efficient than aminoguanidine or pyridoxamine. Unlike the latter two compounds, they do not trap reactive carbonyl precursors for AGE, but impact on the production of reactive carbonyl precursors for AGE by chelating transition metals and inhibiting various oxidative steps, including carbon-centered and hydroxyl radicals, at both the pre- and post-Amadori steps. Their effect is paralleled by a lowered production of reactive carbonyl precursors. Finally, they do not bind pyridoxal, unlike aminoguanidine. Altogether, this study demonstrates for the first time that widely used hypotensive agents, AIIR antagonists and ACE inhibitors, significantly attenuate AGE production. This study provides a new framework for the assessment of families of AGE-lowering compounds according to their mechanisms of action.

benicar dose range 2016-04-08

A close relationship between the renin-angiotensin system and the pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy has been suggested, several angiotensin II type 1 receptor (angiotensin AT1 receptor) antagonists being effective in animal models. Therefore, we examined the efficacy of an angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist, olmesartan medoxomil (CS-866), in animal retinopathy models. In diabetic stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive (SHRSP) rats, 4-week treatment with CS-866 prevented the elongation of oscillatory potential peaks dose-dependently which almost normalized at 3 mg/kg/day. Next, in oxygen-induced retinopathy mice, CS-866 at 1 mg/kg significantly prevented the retinal neovascularization. In these animal models, plasma concentrations of CS-866 were comparable to the in vitro IC50 value of the angiotensin AT1 receptor. In summary, our data demonstrated that CS-866 was effective in early and late stage retinopathy models through the inhibition of the angiotensin AT1 receptor. These findings suggest the possibility of CS-866 as a therapeutic agent for diabetic retinopathy.

buy benicar 2017-02-21

After a placebo run-in period, 192 patients received olmesartan medoxomil 20 mg/day for 3 weeks. If BP remained ≥ 120/70 mmHg, patients were uptitrated at 3-week intervals to olmesartan medoxomil 40 mg/day, olmesartan medoxomil/HCTZ 40/12.5 mg/day, and olmesartan medoxomil/HCTZ 40/25 mg/day.